How can I find equivalents to the following chart (for American English), but for the world's currently most spoken e-languages?

E.g., the chart for Modern German must SCHEMATICALLY map out each of its phonemes, and each phoneme must be tailgated by a common Modern German word featuring that phoneme. Vowels MUST be charted in a triangle or quadrilateral. Useless to list out phonemes unordered or unschematic!

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These two pages stem from the 2013 10 edn. of Fromkin, Rodman's An Introduction to Language. My library doesn't have the 2018 11 edn.

  • 1
    @Anixx How so? I don't speak Russian.
    – user5306
    Aug 19, 2021 at 6:38
  • 1
    Because IPA was designed for English.
    – Anixx
    Aug 19, 2021 at 6:39
  • 3
    Well, IPA was designed for alphabetic languages with Latin characters, yes. Plus the folk-linguistic way Cyrillic handles palatalized consonants is not coherent with IPA principles. But it's still an alphabet and I would bet that Russian readers could cope with IPA transcriptions better than English readers. Check to see if your library has any back issues of Le Maitre Phonetique, which was published entirely in IPA (for English and French) for decades.
    – jlawler
    Aug 19, 2021 at 14:51
  • 8
    @Anixx This is nonsense and a distraction. Italian "c" is roughly the same as English "ch", which, sure, is two characters, but is listed in the table above, together with its IPA counterpart, /tʃ/. The IPA is also much more straightforward to read for an Italian speaker than an English speaker, as many of its most common characters in those languages are based on Latin, not English, sound mappings. At any rate, whether or not the IPA characters actually match the language's own characters, and whether it takes just one or a digraph, has no bearing on the ability to make tables like above.
    – LjL
    Aug 19, 2021 at 16:48
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    @Anixx in that table, that's exactly the stated counterpart.
    – LjL
    Aug 20, 2021 at 19:13

2 Answers 2


The Journal of the IPA publishes articles ("Illustrations") exemplifying the use of the IPA in various languages, which has some of the properties that you seem to desire. You will have to decide which languages that they illustrate are most-spoken e-languages.

  • 1
    And all of those illustrations are gathered together in The Handbook of the International Phonetic Association: A Guide to the Use of the International Phonetic Alphabet available at the IPA official website together with free audio files: internationalphoneticassociation.org/content/…
    – Yellow Sky
    Aug 22, 2021 at 8:26

You can do it by yourself: make you desired schematic diagram using following links and vowel charts, just split them up - like in your example: https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Help:IPA/Standard_German German Vowels https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Help:IPA/Spanish Spanish Vowels https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Help:IPA/French French Vowels ; etc.

But their phonology somewhat complicated, so I will not to do just like in your example.

  • I'm befuddled. First you wrote "You can do it by yourself". But in your last sentence, you wrote "But their phonology somewhat complicated". Didn't you contradict yourself? I've never studied linguistics in university.
    – user5306
    Aug 23, 2021 at 6:57
  • @ugro I mean that your desire isn't useful to learn phonology of this languages. Just for an excursion to. But it easy to do even for never studied person, because you can take words from given links and put them into the charts.
    – T1nts
    Aug 27, 2021 at 7:27

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