ja lubię ją - I like her
ja nie lubię jej - I do not like her
- Do I understand correctly what these sentences mean?
- If yes, why do we change
jejwhen negating the phrase? In both cases the pronoun is
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Yes, you do understand correctly what those sentences mean.
In the Slavic languages in general and in Polish in particular, the direct object of a verb is in the Accusative case when the verb is affirmative, but if the verb is negated, the direct object is in the Genitive case (see #3 here). It is one of the most basic rules of Polish syntax and case usage.
The pronoun ona (“she”) has
ją as the Accusative case form and
jej as the Genitive case form.