I really want to know what exactly the similarity between consonants depends on.
For me, the core might be the place of articulation, manner of articulation and voiced vs. voiceless. For example, b/p/t/d are all stop consonants, and they will sound similar to each other than comparing to other consonants.
But, are there any objective acoustic indicators to judge the similarity between the sounds? For example, formula, VOTs, or any other things? Would you please recommend me some researches about this question?