Let's say there's a sentence like "The ball I threw to the dog in the park got lost." Is there an ambiguity present in this sentence? My opinion is that "in the park" causes an ambiguity because it can modify both the NP "the dog" and the V "threw". Is that correct or is the ambiguity somewhere else or not present at all? Is there a particular way to check for ambiguity in a sentence?

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    The only way to check for ambiguity is to see if you can think of more than one way to (reasonably) interpret a sentence. There’s a lot of ambiguity in normal language, but we don’t usually notice because one interpretation is so much more likely than the others. It only causes problems when more than one interpretation are close to each other in likelihood, like yours here. If you really wanted to, you could shoehorn to into meaning ‘until’ so that it’s the dog in the park that got lost – but that is so arcane and unusual that no one would ever read it that way, so is it really ‘ambiguous’? Nov 1 at 0:52

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