In seems to me that in Wikipedia's sound samples for the vowel sounds, there's often some vocal fry, especially in the back vowels. Vowels like ɑ æ ä e and to a lesser extent: ɤ o ɜ œ. Do you concur? Do you think these are good samples for understanding the vowel sounds? Is what I'm perceiving as vocal fry part of the basic vowel sounds?

1 Answer 1


I agree, and I always recommend authoritative samples. The IPA has a page with acknowledged masters of IPA standards – John Esling, John Wells, Jill House and Peter Ladefoged, and you should use those as reference values. This seems to be a feature of many of that person's performances, not a definitional or intrinsic property of the vowels themselves.

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service and acknowledge you have read our privacy policy.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.