for example why do some sources transcribe ღ and ხ as /ɣ x/ while others transcribe it as /ʁ χ/
also ა is transcribed as /a/ by some while others transcribe it as /ɑ/
can anyone explain to me what's going here?
Linguistics Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for professional linguists and others with an interest in linguistic research and theory. It only takes a minute to sign up.Sign up to join this community
These acoustic phenomenons, transcribed in the IPA, as /ɣ x/, /ʁ χ/ : Probably fall within allophone spheres for Georgian speakers, that is, there is not minimal pair between /ʁ/ or /ɣ/ in Georgian, so both are valid realisations of the letter "ღ". It might be that one or the other are more common in some dialects or in some phonetic environments. Note that even the IPA symbols are not exact enough, there's a continuum of sounds that can be produced.