I am an undergrad working with a papuan language. There is one sentence that was in the data that has me wondering about hortatives.
The sentence, in english, translates to “Okay, I’ll just leave.” Contextually, the speaker is talking to themselves, within a narrative. There is what I have figured out is a hortative grammatical marker on the verb, leave. So my question is, it is common for languages to incorporate hortative modalities when there is no listener present?