I think that there are at least 2 types of languages: those that make derivates/inflections predominantly from nouns or protonominals, and those that make them from verbs or protoverbs, plus a 3rd category that make them direct from abstract meaning). Anybody knows what exactly term for this 2-way or 3-way typology? Or where can I read something close to this?
I want to have something like World Atlas of Language Structures where will be something like this: English predominantly verbal in its morphology: verb is that morpheme that brings meaning to all possible following derivates/inflections (I mean a live rules of the language: I understand that historically it was a complex process (deverbalization, denominalizations and vise versa), but what language prefers now?), or Swahili is reported to be nominal: all its derivatives, especially verbs that are formed from nouns. (I don't have direct experience with Swahili.) Something like this: There was a reason for my interest: in Finnish, the verb 'to write' is formed from the word 'a book', as the noun 'a writer' is formed from the word 'a book', i. e. Finnish is denominal language? But in many other there the opposite situation: to write >a writer (a person) >> *a writer (a notebook), or Turkish: yazmak (verb) > yazcı >> yazma, etc.
P.s. in the course of this theme I want to ask additionally about Proto-Indo-European roots: it seems to be to all of them a verbal roots, or not?
What is a priori state of Indo-European lexicon?
Where or what I can read about all of these?
P.p.s. I don't know why my question is downvoted ( it becomes standard situation on this site: I have a total non-understanding why sane questions/answers are downvoted.) but it is a valid question, at first, and many years years ago I was reading description like 'language X is predominantly verbal' but I don't remember what description it was.
Thanks to the answer about Finnish word 'kirja', I know that it is complicated question, and at many cases there is 'situation vice versa'. But it still interesting, intriguing question: what is the first point of the compilation? If say about the history of the languages. Or what is the productivity type, what language prefers now? And maybe somebody knows what background reading can be useful to read for this.