I am having some trouble to identify Complements and Adjuncts. I have the following sentence:

"A picture of the accident of Gabriel is saved on the album with a pink cover with the white dots"

  • of the accident
  • of Gabriel
  • with a pink cover with the white dots

Are these Complements or Adjuncts? If you can explain me way better

  • "A picture of the accident of Gabriel" doesn't make any sense to me. I have no idea what relationship it is trying to express between Gabriel and the picture (or the accident). Since the distinction between adjuncts and complements is partly semantic, this makes it impossible for me to answer your question.
    – Colin Fine
    May 11, 2022 at 16:51
  • Yeah I also haven't worked with such sentences, and this doesn't quite make sense to me. Just by looking at it at first glance I thought they could be complement of the pictures, since they are describing about what, of whom the picture is. But I am still not sure about.
    – Roslyn
    May 11, 2022 at 18:54
  • "A picture of the accident of Gabriel" seems to mean "a picture of how Gabriel got into an accident", like a picture of a car hitting Gabriel. There's another much more ambiguous issue, whether "with the white dots" refers to the pink cover of the album or to the picture of the accident itself.
    – Yellow Sky
    May 11, 2022 at 19:01
  • 1
    Where did you get the sentence from?
    – jlawler
    May 11, 2022 at 23:15
  • 2
    Consider this: complements are either obligatory or they have to be licensed by the head word. Optional elements in clause (not phrase) structure may be adjuncts. Now apply that 'rule' to your examples and see what you come up with.
    – BillJ
    May 13, 2022 at 9:44


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