I ask about merely reading and writing here. Do human readers take longer to distinguish between stems (and bases) that share the same root, even if merely picoseconds?
For example, do bookworms distinguish climb vs. descend faster than ascend vs. descend?
What can writers learn from Question 1? How can writers prevent these processing delays by their perusers? How can writers improve bibliomaniacs' readability and reading comprehension? Does this processing delay suggest shunning stems that share a root?
Should writers shun ascend, in favor of climb? Should writers prefer synonyms that don't share roots and stems — like drop, lower — over decrease?
Afterword and Context for my questions
Aviation forbids quasi-homophones and rhymes like ascend vs. descend, because these are stems that share the same root -cend from Latin scandere. Similarly, increase vs. decrease are quasi-homophones, because they share -crease from Latin crescere. But Germanic Minimal Pairs are quasi-homophonous too — like
- farther which stems from further.
- the participles of lay vs. lie.
- lose vs. loose (from Proto-Germanic *lausa-).
- than vs. then.
- through that stems from thorough. though doesn't etymologically relate to through, thorough — but all three are confused, because they are spelled so alike.
- to vs. too.
I am not a linguist. I cannot distinguish between base vs. stem vs. root. If I mistake linguistics terms, just edit and correct my post. Thanks!