I am thinking of complex descriptive "noun phrases" (I think they are called):
The hugely-oversized aircraft-carrier plane.
The yellow-spotted night lizard.
The intricate and overwhelmingly-complex masterpiece.
The sturdy walking stick.
In the first:
- aircraft is a noun by itself
- carrier is a noun
- plane is definitely a noun because it is at the end of the phrase
- hugely is an adverb
- oversized is an adjective
But is aircraft considered also an adjective to the "carrier" noun? Or what about "aircraft-carrier" itself as an adjective to the "plane" noun?
In the last one, "overwhelmingly" is quite a complex word, it is:
- overwhelm (verb)
Converting a verb into an adverb basically. How do other languages deal with this word as part of a noun phrase? (Like both atomic languages like Vietnamese or Chinese, and agglutinative languages like Turkish).
Using google translate to Vietnamese on "overwhelmingly-complex masterpiece" gives:
kiệt [fierce] tác [platter] [together: masterpiece] phức tạp [complicated]
I don't know what to make of that haha, probably wrong. Are these component words considered adjectives to some main noun?
Basically, when is something in a noun phrase considered a verb/noun vs. an adjective/adverb?