City names in Iran and Central Asia, such as "Birjand" in Iran and "Khujand" in Tajikistan end with "jand" suffix. The first idea that comes to my mind is that it might be a deformation of the famous "+Kent" suffix, but I'm not convinced as the k/j sound change is very unusual.

  • 2
    Are we sure the suffix is -jand, not -and? There are cities like Nahavand, Marand and Khojavand (Persian name of Martuni in Artsakh). Jan 4 at 20:41
  • Good point, no idea. No informations on the internet
    – anonymous
    Jan 4 at 21:50
  • Damawand, Maiwand, Samarkand... -and seems likely.
    – adam.baker
    Jan 5 at 12:52
  • 2
    Samarkand is -kand, a Iranic suffix
    – anonymous
    Jan 5 at 14:09


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