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I am trying to learn more about how people actually speak English, as opposed to the traditional phonetic transcriptions (they may have once been accurate, but come on, there's no way the vowel in "and" is actually [æ]), and while I have found some resources, I don't know of a good way to measure the formants of a vowel. Is there any software that can plot vowel and diphthong formants on a graph? (Chrome OS, as per usual.)

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    Does Praat not offer the service you’re looking for?
    – Graham H.
    Apr 4, 2023 at 0:48
  • Seems like it does, but I don't have Linux, nor the ability to install it. Apr 4, 2023 at 1:20
  • Which variety of English are you interested in? In SAE (Standard Australian English) 'and' is pronounced with the TRAP vowel, ie [æ], in slow careful speech (it varies greatly in natural speech). Apr 4, 2023 at 7:36
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    @nearsighted Why would that matter? Praat is available for Windows, Mac, Linux, Chromebook, Raspberry Pi (!), and even (though less stably) for FreeBSD, SGI, Solaris and HPUX. You can download installers that will work for probably 99.9% of normal home and office computers, and even on the off chance that your system is not supported, you can download the source code and compile it yourself. Apr 4, 2023 at 10:55
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    Oh, I missed the bit at the end that specifies you use Chrome OS – more or less the only option that doesn’t have a straightforward, simple installer. I didn’t realise it was possible to permanently ‘turn off’ Linux on a Chromebook, by which I presume you mean that you’re somehow prevented from ‘turning it on’. (If you’re only talking about natural, impromptu speech, and isn’t a great example: it’s most likely to be either [ən] with a reduced schwa as its vowel, or just [n̩] with a syllabic nasal – or in the right context even just [n], a single, non-syllabic nasal with no vowel at all.) Apr 4, 2023 at 14:32

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I don't know if this actually works, but it is reported that on some devices, you just have to "turn Linux on" since it is already installed. With that, you can install Praat.

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