WALS Online lists Lakhota as only having a voicing contrast in fricatives (referencing a study by Richard Carter in 1974). However, its Wikipedia article says that it has phonemic voiced bilabial and velar plosives. Which of these is correct? Does anyone here have experience with Lakhota/know anything about it?

1 Answer 1


In his dissertation, Carter says that Teton Dakota has voiced stops [b, g]. WALS is simply wrong, you would have to ask the author why. There is a [p pʰ b] contrast so we can't even blame misanalysis of [b] as [p].

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service and acknowledge you have read our privacy policy.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.