Modern French seems to be going through the next stage in Jespersen's cycle, from
Ce n'est pas toi to
C'est pas toi.
What else is shifting from one to the next?
Linguistics Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for professional linguists and others with an interest in linguistic research and theory. It only takes a minute to sign up.Sign up to join this community
Welsh is around the same point as French, or maybe slightly further. Literary Welsh retains the original negative particle.
Ni chafodd ef ddim syndod
Not received he not surprise
but everyday Welsh drops it
Chafodd e ddim syndod
Sometimes the negative particle partly survives, either as the -d of the prevocal variant:
Nid wyf i ddim yn mynd -> Dwy ddim yn mynd
Not am I not in going
or in mutation of the following consonant: in the example above, compare Cafodd e syndod "He received a surprise" without aspiration of the /c/.