For example, in the word:

*H₃nóbʰ-ōl / *H₃ómbʰ-l̥ "navel" (Wiktionary: Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/h₃nóbʰōl)


1 Answer 1


The answer below is about suffix -l̥ but not the one in the word for navel (because of the difference in oblique cases), altough it is possible, they are related.

It is an old noun suffix, found in the most ancient words.

It is a variant of the suffix -r̥. Many suffixes had r and l versions, with original form considered to be -r- (-tro-/-tlo-, -ter-/-tel-, etc). The suffix changed depending on case: in nominative it was -r̥/-l̥ while in oblique cases it became -n-/-en-.

Examples include:

*sóh₂wl̥ (NOM) / *sh₂wéns (GEN) "Sun"
*wódr̥ (NOM) / *wédn̥s (GEN) "water"
*péh₂wr̥ (NOM) / *ph₂wéns (GEN) "fire"
  • Thank you for answering!
    – Corn Boy
    Sep 14, 2023 at 13:51

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