Examples of these are words like

"sen" [sæn] vs [se̞n] (you)

"sel" [sæl] vs [se̞l] (flood)

where the latter realizations sound less natural to the average Istanbul Turkish speaker.

What is the name of this rule?

1 Answer 1


In his thesis (Hacattepe U), Börtlü call this rule "laxing" (p. 88). This is because he uses different IPA symbols, [e] for the general allophone and [ɛ] for the lowered or laxed allophone. You could get a corpus of formant measurements from the Turkish data file at Ahn & Chodroff, possibly here and here but these are dynamic URLs).

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