I am looking for a summary of sound change laws of various language families. For example for Indo-European, Uralic, N. Caucasian, Semitic but also within Indo-European e.g. Germanic, Greek etc. Is there a source summarizing this or do I need to make a research separately for each one of those. In any of the cases, please suggest me some bibiography to have a look at.

Thanks in advance!

Appart from the accepted answer, let me add the following chart for Indo-European: http://www.palaeolexicon.com/Content/PiePhonology.aspx

  • 1
    I-E is in one book, anyway: N.E. Collinge. 1985. The Laws of Indo-European. John Benjamins, Amsterdam.
    – jlawler
    Commented Jan 19, 2014 at 3:25

2 Answers 2


Kümmel, Martin: Konsonantenwandel, Bausteine zu einer Typologie des Lautwandels und ihre Konsequenzen für die vergleichende Rekonstruktion. Wiesbaden: Reichert 2007. LVI + 482 S. ISBN 987-3-89500-590-9.


There is a compendium of historical correspondences here. It is a convenience sample based on whatever sources the (anonymous) author finds, so for example for Bantu it relies on Harry Johnston's, errm, pioneering work. There isn't any linguistic unit "Proto-British East African", there are gaps (there was no h in Bantu so what does the change "h→Ø/V_V" apply to?). It is surprisingly weak on Uralic (given the volume of research available on Uralic), but it is a work in progress, and worth consulting.


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