Does anyone know of a good online Modern Greek dictionary that puts imperfective and perfective (also called "dependent") verb stems together?

For instance, the present perfective of βλέπω /'vlepo/ "SEE" is δω /ðo/.

However, apparently many dictionaries don't list the two stems together clearly.

  • 4
    The English Wiktionary does. βλέπω / Greek / Verb / Conjugation. The table is folded by default so click on "show" to unfold it. You will find δω under Perfective / Dependant / 1st person singular, plus more in a note at the bottom. Wiktionaries are open source and likely to be incomplete until people interested in the languages contribute entries for most of the vocabulary, which of course you are welcome to do yourself. Feb 19, 2014 at 7:07
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    In the case of Greek, which has a very ancient indigenous system of grammatical terminology, I do not really see why anyone would want to replace the traditional term “aorist subjunctive” by “perfective dependent”. Especially since the Greek aorist system does not necessarily imply perfective aspect.
    – fdb
    Feb 19, 2014 at 13:57
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    @fdb I don't know why anyone would want to use a term like "perfective dependent" either; That's just the terminology I found on the Wikipedia page, so I assumed it was the most widely used in, iunno, general linguistics or whatever. However, I don't see why anyone would want to use the equally opaque "aorist subjunctive" either. Why not just use terms like "line form" and "point form" mumble grumble... (xD)
    – Owen_AR
    Feb 19, 2014 at 18:18
  • @hippietrail So in order to find out that the "point form" of λέω is πω (assuming I didn't know either word), I 1) search en wiktionary for "say" 2) change to el 3) guess that the link I want is probably "
    – Owen_AR
    Feb 19, 2014 at 18:28
  • λέω" and follow it 4) switch back to en 5) scroll down and open the conjugation box 6) find the "Dependent" section... I would've thought any English-to-Greek dictionary would just, well, give the "principle parts"?
    – Owen_AR
    Feb 19, 2014 at 18:36

1 Answer 1


As @hippietrail mentioned, Wiktionary does: https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/βλέπω#Conjugation

So does the Triantafyllides Institute's dictionary, which is the only one of the three major contemporary dictionaries that's online: http://www.greek-language.gr/greekLang/modern_greek/tools/lexica/triantafyllides/search.html?lq=βλέπω&dq=

βλέπω [vlépo] -ομαι (κυρ. στις σημ. I5, II3) Ρ αόρ. είδα, προστ. δες, απαρέμφ. δει και (σπάν.) ιδεί, παθ. αόρ. ειδώθηκα, απαρέμφ. ιδωθεί, μππ. ιδωμένος :

The fact that the perfective simplex δω is not discussed separately from the perfective past είδα and the perfective imperative δες is... regrettable. But yes, Triantafyllides does give principal parts.


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