Could you explain for me what is the main difference between pragmatics in linguistics and discourse analysis? Both are related to study of use of language in real world.
As far as I understand it:
Speaker 1: would you like to go for a drink?
Speaker 2: great! what time?
The discourse analysist would be looking at how this communicative event works mechanically whereas the pragmatist would be looking at underlying (implicit) meanings (in this case 'drink' means trip to the pub, for example).
AFAIK Consider a paragraph of sentences, discourse analysis looks how the sentences are glued together while pragmatics looks on meanings that are not encoded in the sentences!
e.g The teachers allowed the children to play because they are busy in some work! The teachers allowed the children to play because they are too tired to listen to classes!
Here the word "they" means different in the above two sentences which requires external world knowledge! It appears to me that pragmatics is a deeper branch of discourse analysis!