Since some verbal forms may have an ephelcystic nu (imperfect.3S : ἐπαίδευε/ἐπαίδευεν), I would like to know if [un/]contract forms too may have this ending, as if we had ἐτίμαεν instead of ἐτίμαε and ἐτίμᾱν instead of ἐτίμᾱ.

ἐτίμαεν seems (?) ok to me but I can't remember having read contract forms like "ἐτίμᾱν" but, if so, I would like to understand why they [doesn't] exist. Is the ephelcystic nu linked to the sounds -ε or -ι ?

1 Answer 1


Smyth (134b) says: "Verbs in -εω never (in Attic) add -ν to the 3 sing. of the contracted form: εὖ ἐποίει αὐτόν he treated him well. But ᾔει went and pluperfects (as ᾔδει knew) may add ν." It can, however, appear in uncontracted forms: Herodotus has e.g. ἐδόκεεν, ἐκόσμεεν, etc.

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