Is there a place where I can find a similar list for French minimal pairs?
Moved from comments.
You might consider generating such lists yourself. I'm not saying asking if that work has already been done is wrong. :) Computationally, it's not a trivial job. This link (billposer.org/Software/minpair.html) purports to provide an open source (GNU license) program to find minimal pairs in a provided dictionary. You'd want to provide a phonemic dictionary, of course, for phonological minimal pairs. If it's not adequate, you could also examine the algorithm and modify it to suit your needs.
You might also be interested in generating your own words (according to some pattern of phonemes, presumably), and then simply checking if they are in the dictionary. Or, and this is based on your original question, you can test people on minimal pairs of nonwords (in something like an AXB task, I guess); for the purpose of assessing their phoneme perception, this option is the typical choice. It helps to minimize the influences of semantics, frequency, lexical neighborhoods, etc.
@JeremyNeedle: I like using real words. Given a phonemic dictionary I have no issue with doing the programming work. Where do I find the computer readable phonemic dictionaries? – Christian
That can be a little trickier, and it's language specific. For French, I believe Lexique is a good choice (http://www.lexique.org).
Researchers have also had success using eSpeak (http://espeak.sourceforge.net) to convert orthography to phonemes, for French and other languages (for eSpeak performance figures, see Marian, V., Bartolotti, J., Chabal, S., Shook, A. (2012). CLEARPOND: Cross-Linguistic Easy-Access Resource for Phonological and Orthographic Neighborhood Densities. PLoS ONE 7(8): e43230. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0043230).
Update: I have cleaned up and organized this list significantly, and it is now available here.
I had the same question as you, and ended up throwing together some perl scripts to scrape Wikipedia's list of the 10,000 most used French words, pipe them through eSpeak to get their IPA pronunciations, then do a simple (completely non-phonetic) comparison to come up with a list of 2921 minimal pairs (well, groups, really).
I talk a little bit more about it on my blog, and have published my perl scripts on GitHub, in case you or anyone else find any value in hacking on them yourself, or to use a similar process for other languages.
The list is a bit overwhemling. I can't imagine 2921 MPs being useful to anyone, but it's a starting point, and it's easy to browse through and find a few that are valid for ear training, I think. That will be my next step!