I currently hear a lecture with the topic "Spoken Language Processing" and I have problems to understand SAMPA. I know that the IPA encodes the phones of human languages, so its possible to encode the exact pronunciation of a word. The SAMPA then encodes a subset of these phones with ASCII code language dependent. My professor has one sentence in his slides describing SAMPA with:
SAMPA encodes phones but already with a phonemic touch
But I don't understand what that means. When I'm looking at the German SAMPA for example, are that phones or phonemes?
The main problems with SAMPA occur with further topics of language recognition. For example the definition of triphones in my lecture:
context-dependent phone models with left and right phone context
So, triphones consists of phones from my point of view. The examples I found (+ these in the lecture) are in SAMPA notation. But until now I have several resources defining triphones in terms of phonemes (one phoneme with left and right context).
I hope you can understand my problem with phones, phonemes in combination with SAMPA and topics like triphones. Maybe someone is able to help me?
Thanks in advance,