Whenever I browse through a book on grammar teaching of a particular language, there is a good chance I'll encounter the term "part of sentence". Actually, I can not remember having peeked into such a book without this term contained. So, at least, in the realm of teaching it is a key-term. But in which respect does this term fail for linguistics?

p.s. is this also the case for part of speech?

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    Please remember that the personal pronoun 'I' is always written with a capital letter except,, for some people, in very informal situations such as chat-rooms or personal texts and emails.
    – tunny
    Nov 5 '14 at 14:32
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    Can you provide examples of the title, author, and ISBN of the books into which you are peeking? Nov 6 '14 at 6:50
  • I don't think I've ever heard the term "part of sentence".
    – Greg Lee
    Jul 30 '15 at 17:31

Part of speech, sometimes termed word class these days, is a recognised term to cover labels such as noun, verb, adjective, etc. Though we may speak of 'a part' or 'parts' of a sentence, there is no agreed meaning for a linguistic term 'part of sentence'.

  • Then what is the linguistic term that refers to "subject, verb, direct object, indirect object, or prepositional phrase"? Nov 6 '14 at 6:43
  • 'Sentence' is a term that comes out of writing. Linguistics is not typically about writing but about language. A sentence can be one word, one clause, multiple clauses, etc, so it's a very diverse beast. For a cover term for the items you list, perhaps 'constituents'? Nov 6 '14 at 7:02
  • @tepples you're mixing several things there. Some are word classes, some are syntactic classes, and the last is a phrase.
    – curiousdannii
    Nov 6 '14 at 22:35

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