4

Which languages apart from Japanese, Korean and Javanese encode systematically the relationships between speaker, hearer and referent by means of grammar markers and special sets of vocabulary?

14
  • 1
    In Manchu there are about 20 words for 'I' depending on who the speaker and the listener(s) are. Generally speaking, this feature of marking politeness is the areal feature of most of the languages of Pacific Asia. – Yellow Sky Dec 26 '14 at 23:17
  • 3
    Does the choice of personal pronouns according to social relationships count as "grammatical realisation"? – Yellow Sky Dec 27 '14 at 0:45
  • 1
    In Javanese the realisation of social relationships is also purely lexical. You need to formulate your questions better before asking them. – Yellow Sky Dec 27 '14 at 0:56
  • 1
    wikipedia says: " There is a complex system of verb affixes to express differences of status in subject and object" – meireikei Dec 27 '14 at 1:23
  • 2
    Would languages with a T-V distinction qualify? To a lesser extent, what about majestic plural? Heck, what about how in formal English people seem to prefer Latin roots over Germanic? – acattle Dec 28 '14 at 18:07
3

Various Australian Aboriginal languages have grammatical encoding of the kinship relationships between speaker/hearer/referent.

See: Blythe, Joe (2013), Preference organization driving structuration: Evidence from Australian Aboriginal interaction for pragmatically motivated grammaticalization. Language, 89:4, pp. 883-919.

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.