Questions tagged [affixes]

A grammatical morpheme that must be attached to a host word of an appropriate kind.

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6
votes
3answers
4k views

Is the {-ing} of the gerund a verbal inflectional suffix?

Is the {-ing} of a gerund a verbal inflectional suffix or a nominal derivational one? For instance, in the sentence Swimming is a great hobby. , swimming is a gerund and it has the syntactical role of ...
15
votes
3answers
5k views

What are the criteria that distinguish clitics/particles from affixes?

This question inspired me to finally ask a question that has been bothering me for years: how does one distinguish clitics and/or particles from affixes, especially when those clitics are ...
10
votes
3answers
4k views

What is the function of "-ter" in words "laughter" and "daughter"?

The word "laugh" exists in English, but not "*daugh", even though both have a -ter word and their forms are similar. I can't find the function of the morpheme "-ter" here,...
11
votes
2answers
1k views

Agglutinative vs. Analytic. What's the difference?

First of all, I understand that these typological distinctions are not absolute and almost all languages show signs of almost all morphological strategies but most display a certain tendency towards ...
3
votes
1answer
287 views

The classification of morphemes

I have seen conflicting charts and models of morphemes. Here's how I understand it. Free morphemes do not require other morphemes to make sense. That means that all free morphemes are words. Content ...