Questions tagged [arabic]

The literary language and language varieties spoken from the Middle East to North Africa of the Afro-Asiatic language family

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9
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1answer
584 views

Can or has the comparative method be used in current Arabic dialects to reconstruct Classical Arabic?

The comparative method has been used in modern Romance languages to piece together Vulgar Latin and Proto Romance. Has the same been done for the modern Arabic dialects to recreate the last descendant ...
0
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1answer
56 views

Is Arabiv ی is romanized/transliterated as u with a line above it?

As you can see in this link, Banu Hashem is not بنوهاشم, but بنی هاشم in Arabic. But u is used mostly for و and not for ی. I'm puzzled here and I can't find a good answer for this. Could you please ...
0
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1answer
79 views

How to differenciate the long vowels from the actual letters in arabic?

I'm learning beginner in arabic and I can't find a proper grammar rule to figure it out. There is a lot of lessons on long vowels but they are totally disjointed from the question "How to ...
2
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2answers
83 views

Amharic Emphatics vs Arabic pharyngeals

I grew up speaking Arabic, and I am very comfortable with sounds like ص,ط,ض, etc. However, I was looking at Amharic out of curiosity, and noticed that in place of these pharyngeals, Amharic has ...
1
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1answer
105 views

What is the origin of the word assassin?

I discussed this recently with some friends and different explanations regarding the words etymology were mentioned. I did some research and confirmed these two: from Arab. aššāšīn "hashish ...
5
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1answer
99 views

Is there evidence for accentuation in Classical Arabic?

Wright's A grammar of the Arabic language lays out claims for where the stress should be in §§28-31. Most of the claims are connectable (in my experience) to contemporary renditions of Classical ...
4
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1answer
97 views

Origin of the ا that ends the past tense of Arabic verbs for هُم?

Arabic has a lot of intricate (finicky) qualities, but one of the things that's very nice about it is that spelling is usually phonemic (with the consonants and long vowels, anyway). But the وا at the ...
6
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1answer
125 views

Can Semitic (Hebrew & Arabic) roots have vowels?

To the best of my knowledge, roots in Semitic, both Arabic & Hebrew, do not contain vowels. They are purely consonantal at the base. I read this a couple of years ago about Hebrew in Levin & ...
2
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1answer
116 views

Does my fictional use of Arabic honorifics match real-word usage?

I asked this question on the World Building Stack Exchange yesterday. My question was closed fairly quickly, but people seemed to think that, nevertheless, it was an interesting question, and someone ...
4
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0answers
81 views

Etymology of initial “g-” in Sicilian “giurana” (frog)

Most Romance words for "frog" derive from Latin rana (e.g. es. rana, it. rana, pt. rã. See also va. renoc ("toad")). However, an unexpected initial g- appears in the cognates of several Gallo-: fr. ...
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2answers
80 views

Is it straightforward to map Arabic script to romanized pronunciation?

I am not concerned with the exact IPA pronunciation, which might depend on dialect and culture and other factors. Instead I'm wondering if it's relatively straightforward to "transliterate" Arabic ...
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1answer
81 views

I read the Quran syllable by syllable but I don't know where a word begins and where it ends.If I knew that I could translate them from the dictionary [closed]

Salaam aleikum. I have learned the entire Arabic alphabet. And also the harakat and long vowels. But I have a big problem. I read the Quran syllable by syllable but I don't know where a word begins ...
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3answers
107 views

Is saying or typing “one-hundred and twenty two” using Arabic numbers? [closed]

While thinking just now, it struck me that it's not immediately obvious to me whether "one-hundred and twenty two", spoken or written, can be considered using Arabic numbers (122). Is there something ...
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1answer
95 views

Where can I find the letters of documented writing systems, as text, online?

I was looking for the letters of the Safaitic writing system of Ancient North Arabian (ANA) as text, online. Safaitic is a well documented and researched writing system that was a prominent (if not ...
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2answers
162 views

How similar are the prototype writing systems of Ugarit-Tyre (“Phoenician”) and Safaitic?

I understand that that in the ancient Levant, two main writing system patterns were used by the different peoples of the region: Phoenician and Ancient North Arabian. I further understand that both ...
-2
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1answer
144 views

Is there is a theory according to which both West Asian and East Asian form a sprachbund?

I have noticed that Southwest Asian Languages (SWAL) such as Arabic and Hebrew and Southeast Asian languages (SEAL) such as Thai and Vietnamese and maybe also others, tend to share usage of different ...
1
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1answer
43 views

Spoken Arabic dictionary/corpus?

Is there an existing corpus or dictionary for different spoken Arabic dialects? I'd like to look up a word (in English or MSA or in a spoken dialect) and find where this word or phrase is spoken (and ...
2
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2answers
191 views

Is there a name for the form “فعلان” (faʿlan)?

I've noticed the form فعلان (faʿlan) seems to imply emphasis, like in رحمان (raḥmân) which seems to means "All-Merciful". This form seems to exist in other Semitic languages like Hebrew (maybe רַבָּן, ...
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1answer
99 views

How are words seperated in Arabic? Is empty character sufficient always?

I am trying to count Arabic words in some verses in Quran. What is the universal rule to seperate words in Arabic, particularly in Arabic used in Quran? My computer program uses empty character to ...
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3answers
138 views

Why do we add a vovel “a” in the word “kitab” in arabic? Alif is already there [closed]

Screenshot from a book that confuses me. Why fatha is between ta and alif? Thank you!
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2answers
120 views

Are there differences in writing among Arabic dialects?

I am currently looking for text data in Arabic. However, for this I need to know whether there exist some significant differences among dialects in its written form. Surely, dialects very likely ...
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1answer
104 views

Some scholars says that you cannot make the plural and feminine form of word Allah from arabic linguistic perspective [closed]

Is it possible from arabic linguistic perspective to make the plural and feminine form of word الله? for example اللهون plural form of word الله and اللت feminine form of word الله because in Arabic, ...
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2answers
165 views

Open ت and tied ة does both ت indicates at the end of the word that the word is feminine in arabic linguistics? [closed]

If a word ends with open ت or tied ة does both ت indicates at the end of the word that the word is feminine in arabic linguistics like ٱللَّتَ feminine form of word Allah in Quran 53:19?
3
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1answer
255 views

How do you break words across lines in Arabic?

I have been searching for this for a few hours today and haven't found anything but this really, well maybe this is as close as it gets. Just found this, too, which is nice. I've asked this on the ...
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3answers
13k views

Why do English transliterations of Arabic names have so many Qs in them?

I remember when the Muslim holy book was the Koran when I was in middle school, but now it's the Quran. But it's always been Qatar and Iraq (but still Kuwait.) Who decided that 'Q' was going to be ...
2
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2answers
161 views

Phonetic characters of Arabic emphatic consonants

My native language is Korean. I'm not learning Arabic, but I'm curious anyway. Refer to the following link for the letter names I recorded myself: Arabic pharyngeal consonants I think I can ...
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2answers
523 views

What is the status of Modern Standard Arabic?

According to Wikipedia, Modern Standard Arabic is different from Classical Arabic. As a native speaker of North African Arabic, I don't see the difference between the two, except for some inevitable ...
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1answer
102 views

relationship between writing systems, scripts, and font. Terminology clarification required

I want a clarification on terminology. A language is written in a particular script . but there are various styles for writing a script. For e.g. arabic is written in arabic script, and it can be ...
5
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1answer
251 views

When did the contraction “Allah” originate?

The Arabic word Allāh "God" is notable for a few different features. For one, it contains the sound [ɫ] not found in any other Arabic word; it's also an irregular contraction of the article al- and ...
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1answer
211 views

Is Allah ever a common noun, or is it always a proper noun? And if so, do they look different? [closed]

Is Allah ever a common noun? or is it always a proper noun? And if so, do they look different in the arabic?
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3answers
331 views

What about the hypothesis that the Hebrew and Arabic definite articles both evolved from a proto-Semitic word for “god”?

Given the great linguistic similarities between Hebrew and Arabic, it is noteworthy that their definite articles are completely different. Wikipedia's Arabic definite article talks about the theory ...
9
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1answer
245 views

How do I gloss a Semitic verb?

"Standard" glossing (following the Leipzig rules) uses a linear model of breaking down words into morphemes. In other words, it assumes you can draw lines between all the morphemes to separate them. ...
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2answers
96 views

“program” Equivalent in Arabic [closed]

Program and programming language don't have a known translation in Arabic. برمجة and برنامج are used, even though they aren't Arabic. Is there a native word that can be used instead?
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1answer
111 views

Arabic word for door from root d-l-t or d-l-th

I know that the Hebrew letter 'daleth' originates from the word for 'door', indeed the Modern Hebrew word for door is 'dalet'. Is there an Arabic word for door from this same root - d-l-t or d-l-th? ...
1
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1answer
624 views

How can the Arabic word “Hijr” be translated as “perception” or “understanding” or “intellect” [closed]

The sentence I mention is from Quran (written at least 14 centuries ago) verse 89:5. Full phrase is : هل في ذلك قسم لذي حجر And this is translated as: Sahih International: Is there [not] in [all] ...
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0answers
96 views

Pre-Hilalian Hilalian dialects comparaison

What are the main differences between Pre-Hilalian Tunisian dialects ( or any other Maghrebi dialects ) and the Hilalian ones ( Pronunciation , vocabulary ... ) . Let’s take the dialect I speak as an ...
7
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1answer
138 views

How did the complexities of Arabic cardinals arise?

Generally the grammar related to the numbers in Arabic is considered to be the most complicated thing about the language. In fact, it is considered so complicated that many teachers argue that not ...
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1answer
107 views

In what ways does Arabic use letters as orthographic signs without phonetic significance?

ا (alif) and و when used as orthographic signs without phonetic significance are not represented in romanization. fa‘alū فعلوا ulā’ika أوقية ūqīyah أولائك — ALA-LC guide to ...
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3answers
1k views

Reversal of kinship terms when speaking to a child

When Turkish people speak to children, they often address them with the kinship term that the child is supposed to use for the speaker. For example a mother may call her child "anneciğim" ("my dear ...
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2answers
1k views

Arabic /R/ - correct pronunciation in Modern Standard Arabic

Arabic has many dialects, but in general the /R/ in Modern Standard Arabic is an alveolar trill (or is it not?) - like the Spanish perro - according to Wikipedia and it is also what I have heard from ...
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1answer
139 views

The most relative for ə sound in Arabic

The IPA for "man" in American English is mən. Arabic, however, doesn't have the vowel sound ə. So, what's the most related sound in Arabic? I know there are some short vowels (Harakat) but I don't ...
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2answers
153 views

Why does Laam sometimes get pronounced as the next letter in Arabic words? [duplicate]

I'm trying to learn how to read Arabic and I noticed that sometimes the letter Laam (ل) is either silent or takes the pronunciation of the following letter, as in this text from Wikipedia: As-...
0
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1answer
386 views

Dotless noon (ں) gets a dot in non-final positions [closed]

How do I write this Arabic word in Unicode? I tried using the dotless noon (ں) but I got this: اںاںلںس Which is rendered with dots on my PC: When I try combining multiple dotless noons, they get ...
4
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1answer
913 views

Which is closer to Biblical Hebrew - Modern Hebrew, or Modern Arabic?

A couple of years ago I started to learn Biblical Hebrew - I still only know the very basics. Lately I've been starting to learn Arabic. Often when I learn a new word in Arabic, I notice that it is ...
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1answer
90 views

Unicode point for Alef with a cap above?

How can the first letter of this word be represented in Unicode? What is this sign called?
2
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1answer
141 views

Unicode points for Arabic dotless letters

I am looking for a Unicode equivalent of an Arabic word featuring dotless letters FEH and NOON: This is to mimic a handwriting style that doesn't use dots. I've found: ARABIC LETTER DOTLESS FEH (U+...
5
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1answer
155 views

What is the concept of verb agreement with passive-active level in Hebrew?

In this Duolingo discussion, 'S.Liebermann' mentions that in Hebrew and Arabic, "the verb needs to agree with the level of passive/active" and "Hebrew has 7 degrees of passive/active, while Arabic has ...
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0answers
66 views

Is it possible to move from non-concatenative to concatenative morphology?

I've been wondering whether it is possible for a language to move from non-concatenative (root-and-pattern, Arabic-style) morphology to concatenative type known from the Indo-European languages? If ...
3
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0answers
177 views

Lexical difference between classical and modern standard arabic

I've seen that linguists do not consider fuṣḥa as one, but two varieties: classical and modern. I know that the grammar is nearly identical, but how about the lexicon? false friends etc? Is there for ...
4
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1answer
206 views

How are algebraic operations written in a right-to-left language?

Arabic is a right-to-left language, so when using Google Translate to translate this expression: x/y from English to Arabic, it returns س / ص where 'x' is on the right, 'y' is on the left. ...