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Questions tagged [arabic]

The literary language and language varieties spoken from the Middle East to North Africa of the Afro-Asiatic language family

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Greek has the word for tin (kassiteros), Arabic has the word (القصدير or alqasdir). What other languages have similar or related words for tin?

Just looking for similar words for tin in other languages. Did the Arabs get their word from the Greeks or do they both get it from a pre-greek source?
Matt Lawlor's user avatar
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95 views

Is standard Arabic considered a dead language? What are the differences from Latin?

I fail to see the difference in usage between Latin and Fusha. Maybe not contemporary Latin but Latin from few centuries prior. Is Standard Arabic the most widely spoken dead language?
justaaaaguest's user avatar
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32 views

Phonetic/ phonological, not orthographic, syllables of تَطْوِيْل?

Pronunciation of تَطْوِيْل (as verbal noun), is it 'tat-weel', or rather 'ta-tweel' ? Notice the difference in syllable structure.
philo's user avatar
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1 answer
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Principle behind multiple al's in الحرم الشريف?

'al' means 'the' in Arabic, much like ה in Hebrew. But what about the abundance/ frequency of 'al' in الحرم الشريف, the latter in the sense of the English proper noun 'Temple Mount'? Can any of the '...
user44903's user avatar
-5 votes
1 answer
63 views

Why the contribution of Iranic languages is being ignored?

As an Iranian something bothers me: I noticed more similarity between Iranic language families and Indian (Sanskrit) language and between with European language families compared to Indian languages ...
Shaqayeq's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
148 views

ISO 233-2 transliteration of wāw-ʾalif grammatical ending in Arabic

My question concerns the ISO-233-2:1993 transliteration of Arabic, and specifically of the grammatical ending wāw-ʾalif such as is found in the conjugation of verbs, e.g., “⁧فَعَلُوا⁩” (”they did”). ...
Gro-Tsen's user avatar
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2 answers
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Does the Arabic word for sheep come from booty or is it the other way round?

The Arabic word for sheep, غَنَم, is cognate with the word for booty/loot, غَنِيمَة. Does the word for sheep come from the word for loot or is it the other way round, presumably because of the type/...
Apoorv's user avatar
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25 votes
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Why do many Arabic letters look exactly like other letters except for dots, yet have no similarity in sound?

Why do many Arabic letters look exactly like other letters except for dots, yet have no similarity in sound? Examples:
BlueWhale's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
109 views

دَوْحَة ؟ — or is و vocalic here?

Question may be off-topic, still here it is: The و in دوحة (like in الدوحة , capital of قَطَر), is it consonantal or vocalic ? (Indicating /aw/ or /u/ ?)
user43196's user avatar
3 votes
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113 views

How did خشاب become the Persian word for magazine?

In Iran magazine (in a gun) is called خشاب (kheshab). I tried to find a relation to another language but I failed. The only thing I found is that خشب (khashb) means wood in Arabic. In Arabic magazine ...
Snack Exchange's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
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In Arabic, for present tense conjugation, why is it the same for second person masculine and third person feminine?

In Arabic class, I began learning verb conjugations, and we observed the patterns for all the different ones (minus the dual forms) corresponding with their pronouns. We used the verb شرب (drank) as ...
Abeg's user avatar
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1 answer
148 views

How and when was the name of Somalia written with س in Iran?

In Arab world Somalia is written with ص. They call it صومال. But in Iran where people use so many Arabic words in a daily basis without misspelling them, write Somalia with س. They write it سومالی. ...
Snack Exchange's user avatar
4 votes
3 answers
219 views

What types of Arabic word were never adopted in Persian?

The Persian lexicon has a very large number of Arabic borrowings, including a small portion of very frequently used ones, and a larger portion of Arabic vocables seemingly spanning across all semantic ...
earlyinthemorning's user avatar
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2 answers
135 views

Do we know how many distinct syllables are there in Arabic?

This answer cites some numbers for the count of distinct syllables of a couple of languages. And I read on brilliant.org that more distinct syllables mean more knowledge transfered per second. Is ...
Saeed Neamati's user avatar
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0 answers
35 views

Multiple plurals per inflectional paradigm slot (Arabic)

Lexemes are generally associated with inflectional paradigms; let us take a nominal for the purpose of this discussion, and more specifically an Arabic nominal. Let's say that we are dealing with a ...
chriscay's user avatar
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1 answer
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Determining factor for the default inflection of a noun

In Arabic, a noun can have three different inflections depending on its role in a given sentence. For example, for the word "book", it can be kitabun, or kitaban, or kitabin. The default ...
blackened's user avatar
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How to "remove diacritics" from Arabic text in unicode? [closed]

I have put together this CodePen with a rendering demonstrating how I am "stripping diacritics" from Arabic text. Here is the main code doing the stripping: const map = { 'آ': 'ا', 'أ': '...
Lance's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
118 views

What are the high and low letters in the Unicode Arabic block?

For example, we have: ٴ : high hamza, as opposed to regular hamza ء ء: small high meem, as opposed to regular meem م U+0616: ARABIC SMALL HIGH LIGATURE ALEF WITH LAM WITH YEH U+0615: ARABIC SMALL ...
Lance's user avatar
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2 votes
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Strange vowel harmony in Arabic loanwords within Turkish—why could it be?

Some Arabic loanwords have a palatalised, for example, /lʲ/ in final position, and it is more understandable in the case of those words. However, some others go against vowel harmony for no apparent ...
murshad's user avatar
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What tribal/regional Yemeni arabic dialects and/or modern south Arabian languages or crioles do SFO and OAK Bay Area Yemeni imigrants speak most?

I think I've noticed near-homogeneity, in SF and Oakland bodegas. But there are reasons to doubt that. I'm interested in: The most common Yemeni lects (or three most commonly natively used, for ...
Ayer AGG'TDd'E-A's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
221 views

How did so many Arabic letters converge to hold the same shape?

Here one can see that the letter groups خ ح ج and several others are identical if not for the dots. In this pair, two are vaguely H-sounding, the other was formerly some form of palatalised G, which I ...
murshad's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
113 views

Numbers in Arabic Netspeak

I came across this list of numbers to represent sounds in Arabic netspeak: 2 is A 3 is a heavy (so heavy) A, sure you can't even pronounce it but you could replace with a regular A, no one would care ...
Mou某's user avatar
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1 answer
66 views

In Arabic what is the difference in the usage of the perfect tense negative and imperfect tense jussive.(as their translation is same in English.) [closed]

For eg : لَمْ يَكْتُبْ and مَا کَتَبَ both means "he did not write." So how would I know which one i should use?
Rumi Shaikh's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
413 views

Do classical Arabic verb forms have a passive-active relationship like some Hebrew "buildings" do?

In Hebrew, the 7 verb forms (or "buildings") can be associated into passive-active pairs, e.g. Pa'al - Nif'al, Hef'il-Huf'al, Pi'el-Pu'al (and Hitpa'el on its own). So we can say e.g. "...
Amos Joshua's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
456 views

What is the evidence that pre-Islamic Arabic had a plural of majesty?

I'm starting to read the Quran and I've found many theologians argue about God referring to himself in the plural, mainly claiming it is a plural of majesty (example: M. A. S. Abdel Haleem's ...
K Pomykala's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
208 views

With the use of diacritics, is the Arabic abjad a shallow orthography?

The Arabic script is an abjad. Without diacritics, short vowels are inferred and so pronunciation may be different to what is expected. But if diacritics are used, they signify exactly how each word ...
VideoCarp's user avatar
0 votes
4 answers
308 views

How is "mim(م)" letter connected to "dal(د)"?

Whenever I go to mosque, there is always the following image near "ﷲ" name. However, I don't understand how "mim" letter is there. I know "mim" letter as "م". ...
Soner from The Ottoman Empire's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
246 views

Origin of بطريق

I read here that the Arabic word بطريق (penguin) ultimately derives from Latin patricius (patrician), through Greek and Aramaic, but I couldn't find any explanation of how and why the shift in meaning ...
UndefinedBehavior's user avatar
-1 votes
2 answers
88 views

Does موجود is a Modern Standard Arabic word? [closed]

Does موجود is a Modern Standard Arabic word which is originated from وَجَدَ after the revelation of Quran because موجود is not mentioned anywhere in Quran?
Bilal Khan's user avatar
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0 answers
51 views

Why some triphthongs are retained orthographically in Arabic, but not others

According to Ahmad Al-Jallad's "A manual of the historical grammar of Arabic", a sound change from old to classical Arabic was the collapse of triphthongs. These triphthongs are sometimes ...
Quintus Caesius - RM's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
60 views

Reading suggestions on the historic development of the Arabic language

Specifically, I am looking for something: That isn't just an introduction, but neither a comprehensive "everything we can currently say on the topic" kind of text. That goes back to about ...
Quintus Caesius - RM's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
423 views

What is the etymology of the Maghrebi interjection "شاه" (chah or cheh)?

At least in the Maghreb, there is a word to say "serves [somebody] right!", i.e. "!شاه" or "ccah!" in Berber form. I'm struggling to find its etymology. Although it might ...
Amessihel's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
195 views

How many *Non-Native* speakers of Egyptian Arabic are there world wide?

Every time I try to look this up, it always gives me the number for native speakers. I'm not looking for that. I specifically want to know how prevalent Egyptian Arabic is as a second language around ...
RexxiA's user avatar
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0 votes
2 answers
314 views

What is the difference between ðˤ and ðʕ in Arabic?

I am wondering if the emphatic and pharyngealized sounds of Arabic are the same thing as the letter followed by /ʕ/. So ðˤ, sˤ, tˤ, and dˤ would be ðʕ, sʕ, tʕ, and dʕ. If it's not the case, can you ...
Lance's user avatar
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-2 votes
1 answer
63 views

What does this engraving say? [closed]

This is some text engraved in a grill, and I was wondering what it says. https://i.sstatic.net/aeakL.jpg
Wonderingwhale's user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
199 views

Distinction between Chemistry and Alchemy in Arabic and Farsi languages

According to Wikipedia, in Europe the semantic distinction between the rational science of chimia and the occult alchimia arose in the early 18th century. So it seems like there was a need to separate ...
ali's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
171 views

Would it be correct to replace ۃ with ہ in Urdu?

What would be the right way to normalize the Arabic Tāʼ marbūṭah character in Urdu loan words from Arabic/Farsi? Would it be correct to replace ۃ with ہ (gōl hē)? Or can we replace ۃ with ط (t̤oʼē) ? ...
Gōkúl NC's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
9k views

How is the Filipino expression “salamat” related to the Arabic?

Salamat in Filipino means “thank you”. In the Arabic form, the word is in the feminine plural salāmat سلامت from the singular salāmah . Salamat in Arabic is equivalent to peace and blessings (a ...
Ere's user avatar
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-5 votes
1 answer
101 views

The connection between ركن and corner [closed]

The arabic word ركن /rukn/ and the English word corner /ˈkɔɹnɚ/. Is there any connections between them?
Hesham Haroon's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
141 views

Does this rule apply to reading in Arabic in general or only to reading the Qur'an?

The lam at the beginning of words is of two types: the lam that accepts the sukun and is clearly read and the lam that does not accept the sukun and is not read but simply written. Does this rule ...
edmond90 desert's user avatar
15 votes
5 answers
6k views

Why do Arabic names still have their meanings?

As someone born in Britain whose first language is English, but with origins in Pakistan and an understanding of both Punjabi and Arabic, it's always seemed to me that most modern Arabic names are ...
Hashim Aziz's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
301 views

Is this Wikipedia Arabic dialects map correct about Badawi Arabic, and what is Badawi Arabic?

This map is from Wikipedia's Varieties of Arabic page. On the northern half of the western Red Sea coast, as well as most of Sinai and Israel, it seems to indicate that "Badawi" Arabic is ...
Gabi's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
797 views

Arabic grammar: The difference between the terms raf` and marfu'

I have begun to learn Arabic, and the difference between following terms confuse me. There is this topic of ʾirāb—the science which deals with how the Arabic noun inflects with respect to its ...
blackened's user avatar
  • 463
10 votes
1 answer
678 views

Can or has the comparative method be used in current Arabic dialects to reconstruct Classical Arabic?

The comparative method has been used in modern Romance languages to piece together Vulgar Latin and Proto Romance. Has the same been done for the modern Arabic dialects to recreate the last descendant ...
LS_115's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
80 views

Is Arabiv ی is romanized/transliterated as u with a line above it?

As you can see in this link, Banu Hashem is not بنوهاشم, but بنی هاشم in Arabic. But u is used mostly for و and not for ی. I'm puzzled here and I can't find a good answer for this. Could you please ...
Saeed Neamati's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
119 views

How to differenciate the long vowels from the actual letters in arabic?

I'm learning beginner in arabic and I can't find a proper grammar rule to figure it out. There is a lot of lessons on long vowels but they are totally disjointed from the question "How to ...
Axiome's user avatar
  • 103
2 votes
2 answers
354 views

Amharic Emphatics vs Arabic pharyngeals

I grew up speaking Arabic, and I am very comfortable with sounds like ص,ط,ض, etc. However, I was looking at Amharic out of curiosity, and noticed that in place of these pharyngeals, Amharic has ...
Breaking Bioinformatics's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
605 views

What is the origin of the word assassin?

I discussed this recently with some friends and different explanations regarding the words etymology were mentioned. I did some research and confirmed these two: from Arab. aššāšīn "hashish ...
Matthias Mohr's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
150 views

Is there evidence for accentuation in Classical Arabic?

Wright's A grammar of the Arabic language lays out claims for where the stress should be in §§28-31. Most of the claims are connectable (in my experience) to contemporary renditions of Classical ...
user6726's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
754 views

Origin of the ا that ends the past tense of Arabic verbs for هُم?

Arabic has a lot of intricate (finicky) qualities, but one of the things that's very nice about it is that spelling is usually phonemic (with the consonants and long vowels, anyway). But the وا at the ...
Breaking Bioinformatics's user avatar