Questions tagged [arabic]

The literary language and language varieties spoken from the Middle East to North Africa of the Afro-Asiatic language family

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30 views

Do I pronounce pharyngealized consonants properly?

My native language is Korean. I'm not learning Arabic, but I'm curious anyway. Refer to the following link for the letter names I recorded myself: Arabic pharyngeal consonants I think I can ...
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161 views

What is the status of Modern Standard Arabic?

According to Wikipedia, Modern Standard Arabic is different from Classical Arabic. As a native speaker of North African Arabic, I don't see the difference between the two, except for some inevitable ...
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80 views

relationship between writing systems, scripts, and font. Terminology clarification required

I want a clarification on terminology. A language is written in a particular script . but there are various styles for writing a script. For e.g. arabic is written in arabic script, and it can be ...
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1answer
180 views

When did the contraction “Allah” originate?

The Arabic word Allāh "God" is notable for a few different features. For one, it contains the sound [ɫ] not found in any other Arabic word; it's also an irregular contraction of the article al- and ...
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99 views

Is Allah ever a common noun, or is it always a proper noun? And if so, do they look different? [closed]

Is Allah ever a common noun? or is it always a proper noun? And if so, do they look different in the arabic?
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210 views

What about the hypothesis that the Hebrew and Arabic definite articles both evolved from a proto-Semitic word for “god”?

Given the great linguistic similarities between Hebrew and Arabic, it is noteworthy that their definite articles are completely different. Wikipedia's Arabic definite article talks about the theory ...
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97 views

How do I gloss a Semitic verb?

"Standard" glossing (following the Leipzig rules) uses a linear model of breaking down words into morphemes. In other words, it assumes you can draw lines between all the morphemes to separate them. ...
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2answers
69 views

“program” Equivalent in Arabic [closed]

Program and programming language don't have a known translation in Arabic. برمجة and برنامج are used, even though they aren't Arabic. Is there a native word that can be used instead?
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74 views

Arabic word for door from root d-l-t or d-l-th

I know that the Hebrew letter 'daleth' originates from the word for 'door', indeed the Modern Hebrew word for door is 'dalet'. Is there an Arabic word for door from this same root - d-l-t or d-l-th? ...
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23 views

Any resources for examples of interlinear gloss for Classical Arabic/MSA?

I tried googling and asking on reddit but I got nothing.
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1answer
95 views

How can the Arabic word “Hijr” be translated as “perception” or “understanding” or “intellect” [closed]

The sentence I mention is from Quran (written at least 14 centuries ago) verse 89:5. Full phrase is : هل في ذلك قسم لذي حجر And this is translated as: Sahih International: Is there [not] in [all] ...
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49 views

Pre-Hilalian Hilalian dialects comparaison

What are the main differences between Pre-Hilalian Tunisian dialects ( or any other Maghrebi dialects ) and the Hilalian ones ( Pronunciation , vocabulary ... ) . Let’s take the dialect I speak as an ...
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111 views

How did the complexities of Arabic cardinals arise?

Generally the grammar related to the numbers in Arabic is considered to be the most complicated thing about the language. In fact, it is considered so complicated that many teachers argue that not ...
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90 views

In what ways does Arabic use letters as orthographic signs without phonetic significance?

ا (alif) and و when used as orthographic signs without phonetic significance are not represented in romanization. fa‘alū فعلوا ulā’ika أوقية ūqīyah أولائك — ALA-LC guide to ...
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3answers
466 views

Reversal of kinship terms when speaking to a child

When Turkish people speak to children, they often address them with the kinship term that the child is supposed to use for the speaker. For example a mother may call her child "anneciğim" ("my dear ...
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2answers
474 views

Arabic /R/ - correct pronunciation in Modern Standard Arabic

Arabic has many dialects, but in general the /R/ in Modern Standard Arabic is an alveolar trill (or is it not?) - like the Spanish perro - according to Wikipedia and it is also what I have heard from ...
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1answer
118 views

The most relative for ə sound in Arabic

The IPA for "man" in American English is mən. Arabic, however, doesn't have the vowel sound ə. So, what's the most related sound in Arabic? I know there are some short vowels (Harakat) but I don't ...
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137 views

Why does Laam sometimes get pronounced as the next letter in Arabic words? [duplicate]

I'm trying to learn how to read Arabic and I noticed that sometimes the letter Laam (ل) is either silent or takes the pronunciation of the following letter, as in this text from Wikipedia: As-...
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1answer
112 views

Dotless noon (ں) gets a dot in non-final positions [closed]

How do I write this Arabic word in Unicode? I tried using the dotless noon (ں) but I got this: اںاںلںس Which is rendered with dots on my PC: When I try combining multiple dotless noons, they get ...
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1answer
376 views

Which is closer to Biblical Hebrew - Modern Hebrew, or Modern Arabic?

A couple of years ago I started to learn Biblical Hebrew - I still only know the very basics. Lately I've been starting to learn Arabic. Often when I learn a new word in Arabic, I notice that it is ...
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1answer
82 views

Unicode point for Alef with a cap above?

How can the first letter of this word be represented in Unicode? What is this sign called?
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1answer
125 views

Unicode points for Arabic dotless letters

I am looking for a Unicode equivalent of an Arabic word featuring dotless letters FEH and NOON: This is to mimic a handwriting style that doesn't use dots. I've found: ARABIC LETTER DOTLESS FEH (U+...
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1answer
122 views

What is the concept of verb agreement with passive-active level in Hebrew?

In this Duolingo discussion, 'S.Liebermann' mentions that in Hebrew and Arabic, "the verb needs to agree with the level of passive/active" and "Hebrew has 7 degrees of passive/active, while Arabic has ...
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59 views

Is it possible to move from non-concatenative to concatenative morphology?

I've been wondering whether it is possible for a language to move from non-concatenative (root-and-pattern, Arabic-style) morphology to concatenative type known from the Indo-European languages? If ...
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159 views

Lexical difference between classical and modern standard arabic

I've seen that linguists do not consider fuṣḥa as one, but two varieties: classical and modern. I know that the grammar is nearly identical, but how about the lexicon? false friends etc? Is there for ...
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1answer
191 views

How are algebraic operations written in a right-to-left language?

Arabic is a right-to-left language, so when using Google Translate to translate this expression: x/y from English to Arabic, it returns س / ص where 'x' is on the right, 'y' is on the left. ...
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1answer
196 views

Languages missing the sound P?

I've found that Arabic doesn't have the sound P - and they use B instead of it (when they pronounce non-Arabic words that contain the sound P, obviously). Is there any other language not having the ...
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1answer
140 views

Greek - Arabic language relation

Is there a valid, known link (academic source or even speculation) regarding the Greek and Arabic language, when it comes to syntactic- grammatical or morphological cohesion? I ve only come across ...
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1answer
177 views

Transliteration-transcription method for ancient Greek & Arabic

I am currently working on a paper that deals with a Psalm from the Septuagint known as the Violet fragment - LXX, Psalm 77.The particular verses i am interested in, are written in Greek uncials, ...
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4answers
394 views

Borrowing words along with the articles or other grammatical parts (like Spanish from Arabic)

Disclaimer: I do not know Arabic. Here is an example of Spanish words of Arabic origin: alacrán, albañil, alquimia... I wonder why Spanish language borrowed so many Arabic words along with the ...
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2answers
901 views

Different Meaning Arabic ْلَمْ تَكْتُب (lam taktub) and ْمَا كَتَبَت (maa katabat)? [closed]

Is there difference of meaning between two word below ? لم تكتب (lam taktub) ما كتبت (maa katabat) IMO the meaning is same : "She didn't write". Is the meaning correct ? Maybe there is anyone can ...
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1answer
57 views

generic definite article with uncountable/mass nouns after preposition 'of' indicating material

The 'generic' subclass of the definite article treated in the pag. 112, section 1.12.3.1 of the Modern Written Arabic: A Comprehensive Grammar reads as follows "it denotes a generic meaning مائدة من ...
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217 views

Etymological origins of the Hindi word Afeem

I have been trying to find the origins of the Hindi word अफ़ीम "Afeem". It means opium. The Rajpal Hindi Shabdakosh gives the origin of "afeem" as Arabic: https://hi.oxforddictionaries.com/परिभाषा/...
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751 views

Arabic calligraphy: moving characters or signs; other symbols

In Arabic calligraphy, it seems to me that some characters or signs are sometimes moved in some weird place. In this picture, for example, letter ء is moved before ا of word شاء and it looks to ...
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2answers
80 views

Are there any equivalent of oxforddictionaries.com/definition/ in Arabic?

I am looking for a website that is equivalent of https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/go In oxforddictionaries, you see it gives all of the meanings of a word with example sentences Are ...
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100 views

What is the origin of the Arabic word دزينة (dazina)?

As a Semitic language, one would expect the word dozen to be rooted in Aramaic (such as תריסר in Hebrew). This is obviously not the case, as the word appears similar to "dozen", rooted in Latin. Is ...
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177 views

In Arabic loanwords, why does Persian change the short vowels with different vowels instead of matching them with long counterparts?

Classical Arabic (4th-9th century) short vowels are /a/, /u/, and /i/, and long vowels are /a:/, /u:/, and /i:/. New Persian (1000-1200 years old) short vowels are /æ/, /o/, and /e/, and long vowels ...
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253 views

Is there a corpus of Arabic text that doesn't include quotations of the Quran?

I want to search such a corpus to determine the commonality or in other terms the frequency of use of the word Quran القرآن in comparison to The Generous Quran القرآن الكريم. But the condition is that ...
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1answer
147 views

Use of “Ibn” in Arabic names [closed]

I've been given a script where the Persian scholar Ibn Rustah is referred to as "Ibn". As I understand it, "Ibn" is part of the patronymic nasab and shouldn't be used as if it were a first name. Am I ...
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4answers
474 views

How to transliterate the following Arabic letters in English [closed]

I am interested in how to transcribe the following Arabic letters oh English. The letter "families" I Ann interested in are: ع غ ر and ك ق ء I think one of the first two would be a "gh", but not ...
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3answers
182 views

How are the three phonetically distinct Arabic h's transcribed in English?

In Arabic we have three types of "h" sounds, as in the following list: ح خ ه I would like to know, which of these sounds is commonly transcribed as "kh" in English, and how are the other two "h" ...
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2answers
358 views

Technical term for “stacked Arabic script”?

I have seen in several places now, Arabic script, flowing not only from right to left, but also, simultaneously, from top to bottom, especially within the spelling of a single word, and especially ...
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1answer
174 views

Alemaña/Almanya/ألمانيا etymology

Turkish, Arabic, Spanish for "Germany" are obviously cognate. But not with "Germany" or Deutschland. At least two of them must be borrowed. Which, and what is the (commonly assumed) source?
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461 views

Text to Speech Systems for Arabic

In view of the fact that Arabic omits the diacritics for short vowels and the like, does this pose an extra challenge for text to speech systems for the Arabic language? How easy is it to resolve ...
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1answer
151 views

Languages with alphabets sharing the same basic shapes as Arabic

I would like to know, besides Arabic itself, how many other separate languages (not including dialects) have alphabets sharing same basic shapes as Arabic? I would like to have a complete list of all ...
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1answer
233 views

Why is the Arabic alif maksura sometimes read as a ya

Why is the final alif maksura of Habibullaah Kalakaani read as a ya? If so, then why doesn't it have two dots beneath, or is the transcription wrong? Thanks.
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436 views

How many Arabic(-derived) alphabets exist?

I would like to know, besides Modern Standard Arabic as spoken in Egypt, how many distinct Arabic alphabets (I assume each Arabic-speaking country will have its own Arabic alphabet, with a lot of ...
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620 views

Egyptian Arabic to IPA conversion?

I am trying to transcript some text from Egyptian Arabic to IPA, but I can't seem to find an Egyptian Arabic dictionary with IPA transcription, an automatic transcriptor, or even comprehensive ...
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2answers
233 views

Musical notation in languages with right-to-left writing

How does musical notation in languages that use right-to-left writing direction (such as Arabic, Hebrew, Persian, Urdu, Yiddish) look like? Is it right-to-left too? If not (i.e. if they use the same ...
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1answer
267 views

Where to find/purchase an offline (downloadable) Arabic corpus

I'm developing an application to teach Quran. I need some textual/lingual analysis based on a common and general corpus. I know about King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology (KACST) Arabic ...