Questions tagged [aspiration]

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Voice Onset Time, Onsets, Codas, and Pre- & Post-Aspiration

Whilst we're all familiar with voicing on an intuitive and/or phonological level, the actual acoustic phonetics are somewhat less intuitive to many of us. The main way of formalising this intuitive ...
Tristan's user avatar
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Can dialects of English have phonetic aspirated consonants?

Although the traditional phonemic assignment of English <j> and <ch> are /dʒ/ and /tʃ/, respectively, I believe there's an argument to be made that these are realized in some American ...
Adam L.'s user avatar
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Is there such a thing as aspiration harmony?

How would one describe the propensity of an aspirate to spread right to an identical consonant in the same word? /tʰeto/ → [tʰetʰo] ~ [tʰeto] (identical consonant); but /tʰepo/ → [tʰepo] *[tʰepʰo] (...
dOn's user avatar
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Why do I hear the p, t, k in Portuguese as aspirated plosives?

First, some of my linguistic background: I'm a native Cantonese Chinese speaker. I speak fluent Mandarin Chinese but with heavy Cantonese accent. I have a working-level proficiency in English, meaning ...
user141240's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
81 views

How do you write the phonological rule for if something occurs before a stressed syllable?

I have the notion that /t/ and /th/ (aspirated [t]) are complementary allophones. How would I write the rule that an aspirated t occurs at the beginning of a word and the beginning of a stressed ...
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What's the rule dictating when to use aspirated and unaspirated [t] in English? [closed]

I have a degree assignment and I need to explain the rule that says when to use an aspirated [t] and when to use an unaspirated [t] since they are in complementary distribution in British English. ...
JazzP's user avatar
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-1 votes
3 answers
102 views

Can a phonemically aspirated consonant have an unaspirated allophone?

in My native language, Georgian there exist a set of phonemic aspirated consonants /pʰ tʰ kʰ/ which are said to be aspirated in all positions. though recently I noticed that when the aspirated ...
LinguisticsFanatic's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
124 views

Are there languages which have h following a consonant, that contrasts with aspiration?

I am working on a conscript and want to make sure I can handle all of Earth's languages. In some Indian languages they have the aspirated consonants like bh like bhavya. It is basically a breathy b. ...
Lance's user avatar
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1 answer
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Were Iranian languages originally separated and more related to Slavic?

Iranian languages and Slavic languages have some similarities, such as the merger of aspirated sounds into unaspirated sounds, and the development of the consonant /z/. Historically, the settlements ...
Fatyanovo2022's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
102 views

Does aspiration propagate to the following vowel?

My native language is Korean, which is notorious for its three-way distinction (plain vs. tense vs. aspirated) of (non-nasal) stops. As such, I tried to analyze my own pronunciation. Then I found that ...
Dannyu NDos's user avatar
2 votes
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176 views

Is there a standard(-ish) definition of affricate aspiration/VOT?

Is the frication of an affricate considered part of its aspiration? Or does the aspiration start at the end of the frication? And does voice onset time (VOT) measure aspiration (as defined by the ...
Nardog's user avatar
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Languages that have phonemic aspirated post-alveolar affricates

There are loads of languages that have voiceless post-alveolar affricate, tʃ. I am aware of languages that have phonemic voiceless plosives (e.g. Mandarin), but I am wondering if there are any ...
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9 votes
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Why are voiceless plosives (p, t, k) unaspirated after /s/?

Take for example English voiceless plosives such as /p t k/ which are aspirated at the start of a stressed syllable and before a vowel as in kill, tar, pie: [kʰɪl] [tʰɑː(r)] [pʰaɪ] But after a ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Is there a device that lets linguists measure aspiration?

Is there a device that lets linguists measure aspiration? I want to find out if languages in which aspiration can be the only difference between phonemes (e.g. Chinese) have more breath difference ...
MCCCS's user avatar
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Why there are few aspirated fricatives in the world?

Since there are many aspirated stops and affricatives in the world's languages, why there are few aspirated fricatives in the world? Are there any differences per se between them that make it hard to ...
C.K.'s user avatar
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Aspiration versus C+h cluster

Since there are languages with consonant clusters and languages with aspirated consonants, in principle there could be a language that has a surface contrast between [Ch] and [Cʰ]. Word-internally it ...
user6726's user avatar
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Are there any languages in which a simple puff of air (like blowing out a candle) is phonemic?

There are languages (English among them) that have a voiceless labialized velar approximant (ʍ in IPA), but that's not quite the sound I'm after. I'm also trying to distinguish this sound from ...
Scott Deerwester's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
222 views

The aspiration of consonants among languages [closed]

I am busy researching the aspiration of consonants among languages. Specifically whether consonants are pre-aspirated or post-aspirated and whether the aspiration occurs in complementary distribution (...
Demi's user avatar
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Tenuis nasal consonants

We know that, for plosives, when the voice onset time is before the closure event, the consonant is voiced, like [b]; if about the same time, it is tenuis, like [p]; if after, it is aspirated, like [...
Violapterin's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
836 views

What are partially voiced stops (as in Danish)?

In researching the Danish language, I've read about a series of stops [b̥ d̥ ɡ̊]. What are those? Apparently they are different from the commonplace voiced stops [b d ɡ] and the voiceless stops [p t k]...
Sam Kauffman's user avatar
13 votes
3 answers
13k views

Is the "p" in "spin" really a "b"?

Daniel Everett claims in Don't Sleep, There Are Snakes (Ch. 11) that the English "p" and "b" in "pin" and "bin" are separate phonemes, since they alone distinguish the words "pin" and "bin," whereas ...
WillG's user avatar
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1 answer
581 views

Aspiration of voiced consonants

I have read in the wikipedia about aspiration that "voiced consonants are seldom actually aspirated", unlike their unvoiced counterparts. It does not seem so to me. Assuming that aspiration is the ...
Alan Evangelista's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
1k views

Aspiration of Voiceless Affricate in English

My question is about the voiceless affricate /tʃ/ ( CHair, maTCH, baTCH, strucTure) as it is used in ENGLISH: English has two affricates: the /tʃ/ in "chair" and the /dʒ/ in "jar". ...
Ash199's user avatar
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1 vote
4 answers
299 views

Are there other aspirated phones in English?

It is known that English has a set of aspirated consonants, the allophones [pʰ], [tʰ] and [kʰ] of /p/, /t/, /k/, respectively. Are there other consonants with aspirated allophones? In which cases do ...
Ergative Man's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
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Limitations of the parrot speech?

I was seeing a video of a parrot speaking Korean, and I thought the way the parrots distinct between aspiration. As I am not Korean, I really do not know. What kind of distinctions a parrot can make ...
Apprentice's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
1k views

non-aspirated voiceless stops versus their voiced counterparts before a vowel

Is there a real distinction in say, a spectrogram, between unaspirated voiceless stops and their voiced counterparts before a (voiced) vowel? For example, /ka/ and /ga/. Are they actually different ...
Eric's user avatar
  • 21
2 votes
1 answer
406 views

Voiced aspirated alveolar trill

Was there voiced aspirated alveolar trill in Ancient Greek? It was written in some sites in Russian that all Ancient Greek words which began with "rho" pronounced with the sound [rʰ], but it was ...
Дмитрий Борисов's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
90 views

Andrea Bocelli Aspiration

I have been listen to Andrea Bocelli's songs lately. A noticeable feature of his pronunciation while singing Spanish songs is that he constantly pronounces the plosives (especially at word-initial ...
fieryslug's user avatar
6 votes
2 answers
1k views

Contrast of degree of aspiration in Korean

I am learning Korean pronunciation, and find it reported that the distinguishing feature of Korean consonants such as orthographic ㅂ (b) and ㅍ (p) is aspiration. However, to my ears both (b) and (p) (...
sami.spricht.sprache's user avatar
0 votes
3 answers
1k views

Are there languages which require aspiration for some stops?

I'm developing a phonology for a conlang. Many languages distinguish aspirated and unaspirated stops as different phonemes e.g. /p/ vs /ph/. Are there any languages, however, which lack an unaspirated ...
Lou's user avatar
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12 votes
3 answers
5k views

Can a stop be both voiced and aspirated?

One day while discussing things with my friends, we came across the topic of trying to pronounce the sound [gh]. No such symbol actually exists in the IPA to my knowledge, but hypothetically it would ...
Joe Z.'s user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
303 views

Is unvoiced & unaspirated a category of speech?

I know there is 'voiced & unaspirated' and 'aspirated & unvoiced' categories of speech. I have heard there is a 3rd category. What is it?
Ellen's user avatar
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8 votes
2 answers
3k views

Languages with a three-way distinction between voiced, aspirated, and unaspirated stops

I thought I had asked this question here previously but it turns out that I asked about ejectives rather than aspirated stops. So this time I would like to ask whether there are languages that have a ...
hippietrail's user avatar
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1 vote
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What is the nature of the (voiceless) aspirated "m" in Hmong?

Hmong is a dialect continuum spoken across several countries in Southeast Asia. One prominent characteristic is the "aspirated m" (IPA m̥ or mʰ) found in some varieties. This is the reason behind the ...
hippietrail's user avatar
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