Questions tagged [aspiration]

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2
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0answers
69 views

Is there a standard(-ish) definition of affricate aspiration/VOT?

Is the frication of an affricate considered part of its aspiration? Or does the aspiration start at the end of the frication? And does voice onset time (VOT) measure aspiration (as defined by the ...
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2answers
59 views

Languages that have phonemic aspirated post-alveolar affricates

There are loads of languages that have voiceless post-alveolar affricate, tʃ. I am aware of languages that have phonemic voiceless plosives (e.g. Mandarin), but I am wondering if there are any ...
9
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1answer
406 views

Why are voiceless plosives (p, t, k) unaspirated after /s/?

Take for example English voiceless plosives such as /p t k/ which are aspirated at the start of a stressed syllable and before a vowel as in kill, tar, pie: [kʰɪl] [tʰɑː(r)] [pʰaɪ] But after a ...
1
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1answer
45 views

Is there a device that lets linguists measure aspiration?

Is there a device that lets linguists measure aspiration? I want to find out if languages in which aspiration can be the only difference between phonemes (e.g. Chinese) have more breath difference ...
0
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1answer
94 views

Why there are few aspirated fricatives in the world?

Since there are many aspirated stops and affricatives in the world's languages, why there are few aspirated fricatives in the world? Are there any differences per se between them that make it hard to ...
3
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2answers
117 views

Aspiration versus C+h cluster

Since there are languages with consonant clusters and languages with aspirated consonants, in principle there could be a language that has a surface contrast between [Ch] and [Cʰ]. Word-internally it ...
4
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1answer
391 views

Are there any languages in which a simple puff of air (like blowing out a candle) is phonemic?

There are languages (English among them) that have a voiceless labialized velar approximant (ʍ in IPA), but that's not quite the sound I'm after. I'm also trying to distinguish this sound from ...
1
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1answer
143 views

The aspiration of consonants among languages [closed]

I am busy researching the aspiration of consonants among languages. Specifically whether consonants are pre-aspirated or post-aspirated and whether the aspiration occurs in complementary distribution (...
0
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2answers
126 views

Tenuis nasal consonants

We know that, for plosives, when the voice onset time is before the closure event, the consonant is voiced, like [b]; if about the same time, it is tenuis, like [p]; if after, it is aspirated, like [...
3
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1answer
522 views

What are partially voiced stops (as in Danish)?

In researching the Danish language, I've read about a series of stops [b̥ d̥ ɡ̊]. What are those? Apparently they are different from the commonplace voiced stops [b d ɡ] and the voiceless stops [p t k]...
13
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3answers
12k views

Is the "p" in "spin" really a "b"?

Daniel Everett claims in Don't Sleep, There Are Snakes (Ch. 11) that the English "p" and "b" in "pin" and "bin" are separate phonemes, since they alone distinguish the words "pin" and "bin," whereas ...
2
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1answer
312 views

Aspiration of voiced consonants

I have read in the wikipedia about aspiration that "voiced consonants are seldom actually aspirated", unlike their unvoiced counterparts. It does not seem so to me. Assuming that aspiration is the ...
4
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2answers
682 views

Aspiration of Voiceless Affricate in English

My qiestion is about the voiceless affricate ch( CHair, maTCH, baTCH, strucTure) as it is used in ENGLISH: English has two affricates: the ch in chair and the j in jar. The ch is a voiceless ...
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4answers
209 views

Are there other aspirated phones in English?

It is known that English has a set of aspirated consonants, the allophones [pʰ], [tʰ] and [kʰ] of /p/, /t/, /k/, respectively. Are there other consonants with aspirated allophones? In which cases do ...
3
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1answer
204 views

Limitations of the parrot speech?

I was seeing a video of a parrot speaking Korean, and I thought the way the parrots distinct between aspiration. As I am not Korean, I really do not know. What kind of distinctions a parrot can make ...
2
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3answers
859 views

non-aspirated voiceless stops versus their voiced counterparts before a vowel

Is there a real distinction in say, a spectrogram, between unaspirated voiceless stops and their voiced counterparts before a (voiced) vowel? For example, /ka/ and /ga/. Are they actually different ...
1
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1answer
234 views

Voiced aspirated alveolar trill

Was there voiced aspirated alveolar trill in Ancient Greek? It was written in some sites in Russian that all Ancient Greek words which began with "rho" pronounced with the sound [rʰ], but it was ...
2
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0answers
75 views

Andrea Bocelli Aspiration

I have been listen to Andrea Bocelli's songs lately. A noticeable feature of his pronunciation while singing Spanish songs is that he constantly pronounces the plosives (especially at word-initial ...
6
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2answers
693 views

Contrast of degree of aspiration in Korean

I am learning Korean pronunciation, and find it reported that the distinguishing feature of Korean consonants such as orthographic ㅂ (b) and ㅍ (p) is aspiration. However, to my ears both (b) and (p) (...
0
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3answers
929 views

Are there languages which require aspiration for some stops?

I'm developing a phonology for a conlang. Many languages distinguish aspirated and unaspirated stops as different phonemes e.g. /p/ vs /ph/. Are there any languages, however, which lack an unaspirated ...
11
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2answers
4k views

Can a stop be both voiced and aspirated?

One day while discussing things with my friends, we came across the topic of trying to pronounce the sound [gh]. No such symbol actually exists in the IPA to my knowledge, but hypothetically it would ...
2
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2answers
271 views

Is unvoiced & unaspirated a category of speech?

I know there is 'voiced & unaspirated' and 'aspirated & unvoiced' categories of speech. I have heard there is a 3rd category. What is it?
7
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2answers
2k views

Languages with a three-way distinction between voiced, aspirated, and unaspirated stops

I thought I had asked this question here previously but it turns out that I asked about ejectives rather than aspirated stops. So this time I would like to ask whether there are languages that have a ...
1
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0answers
692 views

What is the nature of the (voiceless) aspirated "m" in Hmong?

Hmong is a dialect continuum spoken across several countries in Southeast Asia. One prominent characteristic is the "aspirated m" (IPA m̥ or mʰ) found in some varieties. This is the reason behind the ...