Questions tagged [aspiration]

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-1 votes
3 answers
79 views

Can a phonemically aspirated consonant have an unaspirated allophone?

in My native language, Georgian there exist a set of phonemic aspirated consonants /pʰ tʰ kʰ/ which are said to be aspirated in all positions. though recently I noticed that when the aspirated ...
3 votes
2 answers
74 views

Are there languages which have h following a consonant, that contrasts with aspiration?

I am working on a conscript and want to make sure I can handle all of Earth's languages. In some Indian languages they have the aspirated consonants like bh like bhavya. It is basically a breathy b. ...
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1 vote
1 answer
396 views

Were Iranian languages originally separated and more related to Slavic?

Iranian languages and Slavic languages have some similarities, such as the merger of aspirated sounds into unaspirated sounds, and the development of the consonant /z/. Historically, the settlements ...
2 votes
0 answers
87 views

Does aspiration propagate to the following vowel?

My native language is Korean, which is notorious for its three-way distinction (plain vs. tense vs. aspirated) of (non-nasal) stops. As such, I tried to analyze my own pronunciation. Then I found that ...
2 votes
0 answers
108 views

Is there a standard(-ish) definition of affricate aspiration/VOT?

Is the frication of an affricate considered part of its aspiration? Or does the aspiration start at the end of the frication? And does voice onset time (VOT) measure aspiration (as defined by the ...
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0 votes
2 answers
83 views

Languages that have phonemic aspirated post-alveolar affricates

There are loads of languages that have voiceless post-alveolar affricate, tʃ. I am aware of languages that have phonemic voiceless plosives (e.g. Mandarin), but I am wondering if there are any ...
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9 votes
1 answer
889 views

Why are voiceless plosives (p, t, k) unaspirated after /s/?

Take for example English voiceless plosives such as /p t k/ which are aspirated at the start of a stressed syllable and before a vowel as in kill, tar, pie: [kʰɪl] [tʰɑː(r)] [pʰaɪ] But after a ...
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1 vote
1 answer
55 views

Is there a device that lets linguists measure aspiration?

Is there a device that lets linguists measure aspiration? I want to find out if languages in which aspiration can be the only difference between phonemes (e.g. Chinese) have more breath difference ...
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0 votes
1 answer
143 views

Why there are few aspirated fricatives in the world?

Since there are many aspirated stops and affricatives in the world's languages, why there are few aspirated fricatives in the world? Are there any differences per se between them that make it hard to ...
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3 votes
2 answers
153 views

Aspiration versus C+h cluster

Since there are languages with consonant clusters and languages with aspirated consonants, in principle there could be a language that has a surface contrast between [Ch] and [Cʰ]. Word-internally it ...
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4 votes
1 answer
527 views

Are there any languages in which a simple puff of air (like blowing out a candle) is phonemic?

There are languages (English among them) that have a voiceless labialized velar approximant (ʍ in IPA), but that's not quite the sound I'm after. I'm also trying to distinguish this sound from ...
1 vote
1 answer
171 views

The aspiration of consonants among languages [closed]

I am busy researching the aspiration of consonants among languages. Specifically whether consonants are pre-aspirated or post-aspirated and whether the aspiration occurs in complementary distribution (...
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0 votes
2 answers
153 views

Tenuis nasal consonants

We know that, for plosives, when the voice onset time is before the closure event, the consonant is voiced, like [b]; if about the same time, it is tenuis, like [p]; if after, it is aspirated, like [...
3 votes
1 answer
686 views

What are partially voiced stops (as in Danish)?

In researching the Danish language, I've read about a series of stops [b̥ d̥ ɡ̊]. What are those? Apparently they are different from the commonplace voiced stops [b d ɡ] and the voiceless stops [p t k]...
13 votes
3 answers
13k views

Is the "p" in "spin" really a "b"?

Daniel Everett claims in Don't Sleep, There Are Snakes (Ch. 11) that the English "p" and "b" in "pin" and "bin" are separate phonemes, since they alone distinguish the words "pin" and "bin," whereas ...
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2 votes
1 answer
414 views

Aspiration of voiced consonants

I have read in the wikipedia about aspiration that "voiced consonants are seldom actually aspirated", unlike their unvoiced counterparts. It does not seem so to me. Assuming that aspiration is the ...
4 votes
2 answers
844 views

Aspiration of Voiceless Affricate in English

My qiestion is about the voiceless affricate ch( CHair, maTCH, baTCH, strucTure) as it is used in ENGLISH: English has two affricates: the ch in chair and the j in jar. The ch is a voiceless ...
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1 vote
4 answers
241 views

Are there other aspirated phones in English?

It is known that English has a set of aspirated consonants, the allophones [pʰ], [tʰ] and [kʰ] of /p/, /t/, /k/, respectively. Are there other consonants with aspirated allophones? In which cases do ...
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4 votes
1 answer
228 views

Limitations of the parrot speech?

I was seeing a video of a parrot speaking Korean, and I thought the way the parrots distinct between aspiration. As I am not Korean, I really do not know. What kind of distinctions a parrot can make ...
2 votes
3 answers
998 views

non-aspirated voiceless stops versus their voiced counterparts before a vowel

Is there a real distinction in say, a spectrogram, between unaspirated voiceless stops and their voiced counterparts before a (voiced) vowel? For example, /ka/ and /ga/. Are they actually different ...
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2 votes
1 answer
302 views

Voiced aspirated alveolar trill

Was there voiced aspirated alveolar trill in Ancient Greek? It was written in some sites in Russian that all Ancient Greek words which began with "rho" pronounced with the sound [rʰ], but it was ...
2 votes
0 answers
83 views

Andrea Bocelli Aspiration

I have been listen to Andrea Bocelli's songs lately. A noticeable feature of his pronunciation while singing Spanish songs is that he constantly pronounces the plosives (especially at word-initial ...
6 votes
2 answers
805 views

Contrast of degree of aspiration in Korean

I am learning Korean pronunciation, and find it reported that the distinguishing feature of Korean consonants such as orthographic ㅂ (b) and ㅍ (p) is aspiration. However, to my ears both (b) and (p) (...
0 votes
3 answers
1k views

Are there languages which require aspiration for some stops?

I'm developing a phonology for a conlang. Many languages distinguish aspirated and unaspirated stops as different phonemes e.g. /p/ vs /ph/. Are there any languages, however, which lack an unaspirated ...
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11 votes
2 answers
4k views

Can a stop be both voiced and aspirated?

One day while discussing things with my friends, we came across the topic of trying to pronounce the sound [gh]. No such symbol actually exists in the IPA to my knowledge, but hypothetically it would ...
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2 votes
2 answers
281 views

Is unvoiced & unaspirated a category of speech?

I know there is 'voiced & unaspirated' and 'aspirated & unvoiced' categories of speech. I have heard there is a 3rd category. What is it?
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8 votes
2 answers
2k views

Languages with a three-way distinction between voiced, aspirated, and unaspirated stops

I thought I had asked this question here previously but it turns out that I asked about ejectives rather than aspirated stops. So this time I would like to ask whether there are languages that have a ...
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1 vote
0 answers
718 views

What is the nature of the (voiceless) aspirated "m" in Hmong?

Hmong is a dialect continuum spoken across several countries in Southeast Asia. One prominent characteristic is the "aspirated m" (IPA m̥ or mʰ) found in some varieties. This is the reason behind the ...
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