Questions tagged [clauses]

A level of syntactic structure that contains a predicate, its arguments and possibly modifiers of the predicate. It is a smaller constituent than a sentence, but larger than a verb phrase or noun phrase.

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Aside from coordination, subordination, and clause-chaining, how else do natural languages create multi-clause sentences?

Most of us know that sentences and clauses can be coordinated, and that subordinating clauses can modify nouns (see restrictive relative clauses), modify verbs (see adverbial clauses) and serve as ...
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What do introductory non-finite clauses modify?

The introductory non-finite clauses below (in bold) Speeding down the road, Peter ran a red light. Discouraged by his losing record, the boxer quit boxing what, if anything, do they modify? Do ...
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135 views

Relative Clauses or Appositives?

Relative clauses usually involve the movement of an operator, either overt (wh-operator) or covert (silent operator) The person who1 t1 killed Mary has been caught. The dog Op1 that the cat clawed t1 ...
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Why do so many grammars divide a clause into Subject and Verb instead of Subject and Predicative?

I used to start learning a few languages, admittingly my interest ,stamina and brain force didn't last for more than a couple of days each. Nethertheless, I noticed , that the different grammars ...
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Why can the Internal Argument of “Matter” NOT Raise?

The internal arguments of unaccusative verbs in English must raise to subject position to obtain case and satisfy the EPP. For example, verbs like melt, fall, die, arrive, etc.must have their internal ...
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111 views

Semantic Variability of Clause Chaining?

my question concerns languages with clause chaining - that form sentences composed of a string of non-finite medial clauses followed by a finite final clause, or a finite initial clause followed by a ...
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80 views

Does each Japanese copula, だ, な, に, introduce a new clause?

In the book The Japanese Copula: Forms and Functions there's a passage that says: The existence of an adverbial copula is expected when we consider the fact that adjectives inflect to end form, the ...
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70 views

Are there languages that don't allow sub-clauses?

In the Language Construction Kit 2, the author makes the assertion that sub-clauses, in particular center-embedded clauses, add complexity. That is obviously true, but he claims that you can make do ...
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What does “argument sharing” mean in terms of co-ordination?

According to my professor, argument sharing under co-ordination only seems possible when an argument in the transitive is in ABS or NOM. What is meant by argument sharing? Could you give an example?
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293 views

Overt Subjects of Non-Finite Clauses and Accusative Case

How do overt subjects of non-finite clauses such as the gerund clause below obtain accusative case despite there being no accusative case or ECM assigner? Me arriving late is a sure thing I think I ...
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262 views

Conditional IF vs. non-conditional IF

Using regular expressions, I'm trying to detect conditional clauses in sentences. In cases where the sentences starts with the conditional clause and the comma is correctly present (e.g., "If I see a ...
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262 views

Average number of independent clauses in a compound sentence

I'm working on a NLP project, where we analyze large text samples (think a novel), and produce some metrics that help us answer interesting questions about the text. One of these metrics is average ...
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Clauses in sentences with questioning verbs, using “if”/“whether”

A friend who is a Spanish native speaker said something like this to me recently (in English) *He told her if she was Asian That sentence would be fine if the verb were "ask", but "tell" cannot ...