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Questions tagged [complement]

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7 votes
3 answers
1k views

I have my hair cut - "my hair" a Direct Object?

I am confused about the following sentence: I have my hair cut. Now here I am not sure whether "my hair" is the Direct Object (DO) of the verb "have", or if it is just the ...
Man_From_India's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
134 views

What is the name for the phenomenon where an English verb that takes a clausal complement either does or does not mark the infinitive with "to"?

Let them go home. *Let them to go home. *Allow them go home. Allow them to go home. Make them go home. *Make them to go home. *Force them go home. Force them to go home. What is the reason that &...
Sam Engel's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
429 views

Is "of the kitten" in "the paw of the kitten" a complement to the NP or an adjunct to the DP?

I'm drawing a tree for "the paw of the kitten" (from chapter 7 of Andrew Carnie's Syntax: A Generative Introduction). This chapter is "extending X-bar theory", so please keep that ...
Keelan's user avatar
  • 4,221
3 votes
1 answer
157 views

Semantic arguments of nouns

Consider the following NPs: [1] an alcohol ban [2] a cotton shirt Various discussions in CGEL would seem to imply the following: P: alcohol expresses a semantic argument of the head noun ban in [...
linguisticturn's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
538 views

Accurate English terminology for "complément du nom" and for "complément/complemento" as a general term

I am looking at this kind of French sentences: Le directeur de la banque Un directeur de banque Le livre de l'élève Le livre de français Having done some research about English grammar terminology ...
Grammiferous's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
160 views

Can a complementizer (C) take two complements (COMPS)?

The 1997 paper "English Relative Clause Constructions" by Ivan A. Sag has these diagrams: (53) shows a diagram of to go to the UK, and (54) of for them to go to the UK. In (54), ...
JK2's user avatar
  • 792
2 votes
3 answers
144 views

Is it possible to have a determiner without a complement?

Is it possible to have a determiner without a complement in any language? I'm interested in sentences like "I bought two books" and "I bought two". What is the grammatical category ...
Asdoost's user avatar
  • 193
1 vote
1 answer
365 views

In X bar theory, is the first auxiliary the head of an interrogative clause and the remainder the complement?

In X bar theory, the first auxiliary is the head of a declarative clause: (1) She will have finished it by tomorrow. Here, subject she is a specifier, and verb phrase have finished it by tomorrow is ...
JK2's user avatar
  • 792
1 vote
1 answer
353 views

How is the ungrammaticality of the following sentence explained?

Maria asked I read which book This sentence is ungrammatical. Is this because an IP I read cannot be a complement or sister to a V asked Is there a CP in this ungrammatical sentence?
V.Lydia's user avatar
  • 579
1 vote
0 answers
74 views

Can complementisers be glossed as "C"

I have been glossing complementisers as "C" for years and I could have sworn that I got this from the Leipzig Glossing Rules list of standard abbreviations, however, recently, when I looked, ...
Imralu's user avatar
  • 135
1 vote
0 answers
82 views

how to recognize a modifier and a complement in an unclear NPs

You can take those examples which I find very hard and show me on them which is a complement and which a modifier? The idea that he proposed //The idea that it will rain I don't know, seems similar (...
Anu's user avatar
  • 19
1 vote
0 answers
100 views

"Peter sang a song to Julie", Is "to Julie" is an adjunct or complement?

Peter sang a song to Julie. It seems that the verb "sang" selects the preposition, but to Julie is optional. And if we apply it to an X' Schema, how shall we do it? To Julie is the dependent of sang ...
Shirleen Young's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
45 views

How to differentiate between adjuncts and complements? Specifically when the sentence has two prepositional phrases [duplicate]

When a sentence has 2 prepositional phrases, how I can determine whether the second prepositional phrase is a complement of the first prepositional phrase or it's an adjunct to the whole sentence? ...
marah ammari's user avatar
0 votes
3 answers
90 views

What is the name of introductory expressions like "It is not the case that..."

I'm trying to find out what is the grammatical category that corresponds to such expressions that use to introduce clauses, such as: It is not the case that... It is very possible that... It is ...
lfba's user avatar
  • 141
0 votes
1 answer
162 views

What is the difference between evidential, epistemic, and evaluative fragments?

Following a discussion about introductory expressions like “It is not the case that…” [1], I was found out that these expressions fall into the category of evidential/epistemic/evaluative fragments ...
lfba's user avatar
  • 141
0 votes
2 answers
309 views

The Grelling-Nelson Paradox

The following excerpt is from Godel, Escher, Bach: an Eternal Golden Braid by Douglas Hofstadter. Divide the adjectives in English into two categories: those which are self-descriptive, such as "...
Display name's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
126 views

Syntax X Bar Tree - Complements & Adjuncts

I am having some trouble to identify Complements and Adjuncts. I have the following sentence: "A picture of the accident of Gabriel is saved on the album with a pink cover with the white dots&...
Roslyn's user avatar
  • 1
-2 votes
1 answer
1k views

Is 'love' transitive?

I was just watching a linguistics video in which it was stated that in the sentence "John loves Mary", the verb love requires the direct object Mary, implying that it would be incorrect to ...
Benjamin Grange's user avatar