Questions tagged [computational-linguistics]

A branch of science that uses computers and mathematical methods to construct and investigate linguistic theory. Its technological and algorithmic implementation is called NLP.

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calculate co-occurence of long distant words in a sentence [closed]

I have a corpus and I want to calculate how often two or three distant words co-occure in a sentence and sum up in the whole corpus. Thank you in advance. Christinathem
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NLP: word relatedness in context

I’m trying to find out whether two words, found within specific sentences, are related to each other. E.g., "bank" in "they pulled the canoe up on the bank" would be related to &...
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Word form for Number in Ancient Obscure Language

The problem gives 7 numbers and 7 unmatched word forms in random order. 15, 1,16,2,10,11,14 and aina-bumfit, para-dig,bumfit,aina-dig,aina,dig,peina The question is to figure out the number peina-...
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Comparing Text Translations by Conducting Corpus Analysis

Provided one has three pieces of text called - “Text A”, “Text B” and “Text C”. Text A is the original text. Text B and Text C are translations of Text A (Text A, being initially written in another ...
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2 votes
2 answers
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What's the opposite of semantic parsing?

Semantic parsing is the task of translating natural language into a formal meaning representation on which a machine can act. What's the opposite called? I.e. "translating a logical formalism ...
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Characterizing the "tonality" or the tone of a language

I can illustrate my question with an example. I started by learning German. To me German sounds very articulated, sharp and clear. I then studied Italian. Italian sounds singing, fluid, warm and ...
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Interpret an chain of attributes combined via "and"/ "or" in english and other languages?

The question is, what is the most correct way to interpret a chain of attributes, say of the noun but also possible of a verb, connected together with multiple and and or conjunction, in english or in ...
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How meaning of words get richer by adding adjectives?

I'm looking for resources to study how meaning of words get richer by adding adjectives. I don't know the terms, so I don't know where to look. I want to use them in computational linguistics.
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What is a good multi language translation system for individual parts of speech such as verbs, nouns, adjectives?

I am developing a language learning tool in Python that generates dual-language books intended to be read as audio books. The system should work by giving single word translations after every ...
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Up-to-date performance comparison of speech recognition over time

I am looking for an up-to-date (as of 2022) figure or table which displays the improvement in speech recognition on benchmarks for read and spontaneous speech over time, ideally in terms of word error ...
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2 votes
2 answers
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Finding phonetic similarity of names in different languages

I am trying to come up with a way using Python to find phonetic similarities between how differently written names with different meanings in different languages might sound alike. Names can be ...
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1 answer
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How can you computationally apply a grammar rule to a sentence?

I would like to use a rigorous and comprehensive theory of the grammar of English to formulate some grammar rule and then computationally/programmatically check whether a sentence abides by it (not as ...
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Other name for "Predeterminer"/"Noun Premodifier" Dependency Relation?

I'm reading a paper which makes use of word dependency relationships from the Stanford Dependencies (SD) list. One such relation they refer to as "Predeterminer" and "Noun Premodifer&...
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Is there any rule based algorithm that can assess whether a word has "neutral" connotation?

I would like to see a system that can convert any sentence to its most neutral phrasing. Maybe Wordnet, which is a network of related words, has this kind of semantic information inside it. However, I'...
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Vocabulary Rate for Spanish

I am searching for a resource in Spanish that contains the Spanish Vocabulary Rate, classifying words for their usage level, similar to this Italian one: Nuovo Vocabolario di Base della lingua ...
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What’s a standard contemporary algorithm for term extraction?

What is a standard algorithm for extracting likely glossary terms or key words from a source text, nowadays?
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5 votes
2 answers
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How to define sentence complexity?

I am not a pure linguist but rather at the intersection of computational linguistics, NLP and computer science. Thus please be cautious with me and my ignorance. I am looking for definitions of ...
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9 votes
2 answers
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Does lexeme and stem mean the same?

Wikipedia says following about lexeme: A lexeme is a unit of lexical meaning... For example, in English, run, runs, ran and running are forms of the same lexeme, which can be represented as ...
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Turing-completeness of Minimalism and HPSG

I read several times that HPSG and Minimalism are Turing-complete. Could someone explain (or tell me some references) why this is the case? And does this constitute a major problem since natural ...
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Can someone explain to me the Zipf–Mandelbrot law?

I really can't understand. It's about linguistics and I can't understand anything because there are mathematical formulas in it that I can't understand at all. Can anyone explain this with ...
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1 vote
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Which syntactic dependency parsers perform best on search query phrases?

Lots of NLP libraries contain syntactic dependencies parsers (e.g. spaCy, NLTK, Stanford NLP, Spark NLP...). As I understand it (please correct me if I'm wrong), these are mostly designed to parse ...
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Bilingual corpora work from the late 1980s

Does anyone know if the paper by Warwick and Russell (often cited as below) exists? I have looked on the EURALEX website and the authors are not listed as speakers in the 4th Conference. Maybe the ...
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Book suggestions for a concise introduction to computational linguistics?

I am fairly new to the field of linguistics and am looking for a book as a fairly concise basic introduction to computational linguistics (I already have some computer science background). What is a ...
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Can I simply check the unicode or UTF-8 mapping of character to infer the language?

I am given a language detection problem. I was wondering if it could be solved just by looking at the encoding map of characters used and decide which language it is. Is there too much overlap of ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Large parallel corpus of English and Farsi text

hope you are doing well. I am looking for a large parallel corpus of English and Farsi text, professionally written or edited. I would be more than happy to have your suggestions. Thank you all.
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-1 votes
4 answers
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Is the way words are used the biggest obstacle in understanding science and technology? [closed]

Do I have a point to say that, in the area of science, people have difficulties understanding it mostly due to the way words are used to describe whatever it may be? One may understand the words ...
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Computer analysis of ESL learners' mistakes

This is a very broad question; I'm trying to get a sense of the current state of this subfield of NLP and what relevant resources may already exist, so even tangential answers will be welcome. To what ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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Combinatory categorial grammar for English

I am working on theoretical NLP things, in particular to do with combinatory categorial grammar (CCG). I don't have much knowledge of CCG, or of grammar in general. I was wondering how much of English ...
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Looking for a test that produces data similar to Eye-Tracking tests

I was conducting a study about Shell Nouns and how they affect the brain. The issue was that corona came up and the university is still shut down and everything is only online. For my study I worked ...
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How to determine structure of answer for a wh- question

Consider a wh-question (in english language) such as "Who closed the door?". Personally, I can determine that an answer will look like "NP closed the door.", where NP would be a ...
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1 vote
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*Compact* Context-Free Grammar for English

I have seen that similar questions have been asked here, but the common answer is to look at Generalized Phrase Structure Grammar. Then, on the internet I just find slides from computational ...
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SubCategorization Frame of a verb

I am working on verbal clustering. And to train my model, I need features like SCF of the verbs. To understand what it is, I read that an SCF is a structure which gives the syntactic nature of the ...
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Is there any method to summarize and gain the big picture from an article?

Background Recently I just develop a method to summarize and find the big picture of an article, especially the ones that are so abstract and introduce too many new terms. The method is as follow: ...
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NLP methods specific to a language?

What NLP methods / algorithms depend on the features existing only in some languages? For example, does French has any NLP algorithms that English NLP and Spanish NLP do not have?
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2 votes
1 answer
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Are there any set guidelines for the lifespan of a (spoken) corpus?

Are there any set guidelines on how long a (spoken) corpus stays relevant / is reliable to use? The only major Dutch spoken corpus is from 2004, and I was wondering if using this corpus would cause a ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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Indo-European cognate calculator

There are Indo-European cognate pairs that are phonetically exact and regular in the sense that their phonematic make-up is completely explained by systematic application of the relevant sound rules ...
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1 vote
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Is there a basis set of words for a language? [duplicate]

We define a word in a language using a set of other, agreed-upon words. In linear algebra, the set of basis vectors for a space are the minimum number of vectors needed to describe any other vector in ...
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1 vote
2 answers
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How to extract specific data from a TextGrid file?

I'm new here. Just found that there is a linguistics community on stack exchange! I have a TextGrid file that has been output from a forced aligner, webMAUS and I mainly want to understand how to ...
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11 votes
2 answers
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How to best clean a large historical corpus ridden with OCR errors

Overview: I have a very large corpus of historical news papers (17th-20th cent.). The word count is about 20 bln. It's raw OCR-ed data in txt-files of about 150 GB. One newspaper issue per file (some ...
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What is the more natural parsing, the one that leads to the preferred reading of the sentence

I have those rules: and those two possible parse trees: I am asked for the next question: What is the more natural parsing, the one that leads to the preferred reading of the sentence? Can anyone ...
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What is the percentage of words that are phonemically regular in english?

I know that English has a deep orthography. I am wondering whether someone could tell me what the percentage of English words are governed by regular letter-sound rules? Thank you
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3 votes
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How to incorporate sentence end marker in POS tagging with viterbi algorithm?

I am self-reading the NLP book by Dan Jurafsky. In the book, the following equation is given for incorporating the sentence end marker in the Viterbi algorithm for POS tagging. I am confused why the ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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how to interpret probabilities of sequences given by ngram language modelling?

Question about ngram models, might be a stupid question: With ngram models, the probability of a sequence is the product of the conditional probabilities of the n-grams into which the sequence can be ...
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Is there any tool where I can effectively find some examples of a specific sound change in world's languages?

For example, I have once read about an example of the sound change g > dʐ. I need it now but I cannot find it. Is there anything like "sound change corpus" where I can effectively find ...
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ValueError: Can not squeeze dim[1], expected a dimension of 1

I want to buil a sequential LSTM model that predicts binary classification at every time step. More exactly, I want to predict an output for every paragraph in my texts (48 is the number of paragraphs)...
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Corpus of Taboo card game?

Has anyone constructed a corpus of people playing the card game Taboo, in a purely text-based setting, like a computer chat, rather than face-to-face with audio or video? The closest I've found are ...
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Is the word "Language" in "Natural Language Processing" plural or singular, count or mass? [closed]

I want to translate the word language in the term NLP to the Arabic language. so I wonder, In Natural Language Processing, if the word language is countable or uncountable? whether it is plural or ...
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1 answer
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What algorithms can associate words together from texts?

What algorithms can associate words together from texts? I was wondering how this can be achieved. Thanks.
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1 answer
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How to extract Subject-Verb-Object from a sentence?

Given a corpus of sentences, is there a way to extract subject-verb-object triplets? What is the state-of-art in detecting SVO triplets?
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4 votes
1 answer
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Is it possible to produce a list of syntactic rules for a language?

I recently started a new job as an applied linguist engineer and one of the first tasks I was ask to do was to provide a list of syntactic rules that can produce French sentences (for an ...
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