Questions tagged [computational-linguistics]

A branch of science that uses computers and mathematical methods to construct and investigate linguistic theory. Its technological and algorithmic implementation is called NLP.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
0
votes
0answers
30 views

Which are the easiest books in NLP for linguists with no background in NLP? [duplicate]

If any prerequisites are required before starting NLP learning, please do mention the books and also topics that we require to learn.
0
votes
0answers
32 views

A linguist searching options to learn Natural Language Processing

I am a linguist. Presently, I am trying to shape my career in a way that my knowledge is directly useful to the society and also to make an in-depth analysis of language. For this purpose, I need to ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

A tool to replace all words with antonyms

Are there a site or a tool, which can go through a big text and replace every word with an antonym of it? If there are none, then a tool, which translates into a hand-made language would help. I.e ...
5
votes
1answer
94 views

Where to start if you want to do Chomsky style NLP?

I am a computer science grad who has been fascinated by Chomsky's theory of language. I have been following his work and the others in his field. But I also want to try something on my own. The ...
-1
votes
1answer
51 views

Is computational linguistics a good field to go into? [closed]

My #1 passion in life is linguistics, and I’ve been obsessed with it for as long as I can remember, but a lot of the basic linguistics jobs such as translators and the such make low wages per year. I ...
2
votes
2answers
58 views

In NLP, is it possible to do language recognition of a text whereby the text is mapped directly to an ISO 639 code?

In recognising the language of a text, spoken or written, have current algorithms or implementations incorporated ISO 639 codes and/or other standards? For example, I'd like to decide the language of ...
-1
votes
1answer
94 views

Can anyone explain me the structure of the FCFG grammar

I was not able to understand the grammar rules explain in discourse.fcfg file. Can any one help me understanding SEM means in S[SEM = <app(?subj,?vp)>] -> NP[NUM=?n,SEM=?subj] VP[NUM=?n,SEM=...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

Is there a dataset/list of rules mapping words in sentences to prosodic features?

I'm interested in building a toy text-to-speech system, where at the very least I want to decide when to include dynamic emphasis, slight pitch shift, and the duration and boundary between words. It ...
3
votes
0answers
57 views

Computational linguist's estimate of minimum hours of speech needed to train a neural net to recognize speech

From a computational linguist's point of view, is there a lower limit on the number of hours of speech needed to train a neural net to translate speech to text? An estimate from CMU is 3000-5000 hours ...
4
votes
1answer
91 views

What are the conventions for corpus usage?

Suppose I'm working with a language that doesn't have much data available; the largest corpus around is a translation of the Bible, which is free to read online, but is presumably still copyrighted by ...
3
votes
2answers
112 views

Is there a Machine Comprehension system integrating several different linguistic constructions?

Given the following linguistics (and some non-linguistic) constructions: entailment, implicature, Strawson entailment, semantic underspecification, discourse representation theory, rhetorical ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

Force Aligner Trainers

I've been trying to use the Montreal Force Aligner in order to try and train a model for a language I've been working with for alignment of future data. However, I keep throwing a ton of errors, and ...
3
votes
0answers
63 views

Does StanfordNLP have a problem with adverbs?

I suspect not, and I'm being dumb, but ... Usain ran quickest. is parsed (https://corenlp.run) as NNP VBZ JJS. Why JJS (Adjective, superlative) and not RBS (Adverb, superlative)? Using extended ...
0
votes
2answers
79 views

What is it called to derive all the implied meanings from a sentence?

What would this process of gathering the meaning of a sentence be called? What would the segments derived from the sentence be called? "John and Derrek both love cake" -> John loves cake -&...
0
votes
2answers
35 views

Negativity score for sentences

I am working on a dataset of airline customer complaints. Since it is "complaints" the general consensus is all the sentence are "negative" sentiment. So I am think of an approach to quantize the ...
0
votes
1answer
24 views

Need an online freely available Anaphorically Annotated Corpus of English Language for Identification of Discourse Units

I'm in need of a freely available corpus of English language (which may contain text of any genre) but has to be annotated anaphoriacally i-e. Anaphora resolution should have been performed already. ...
4
votes
1answer
77 views

Is author profiling based on gender possible for English?

I was recently told by a friend who works in IT that certain neural networks can be trained to predict the age and gender of authors from anonymous texts written by them (cf. arXiv:1707.03764). The ...
2
votes
0answers
27 views

Grammar induction from grammaticality rules

Let's have formalisation of grammaticality judgments in some deduction system. Is it possible to learn/induce grammar from rules that govern grammaticality judgments? Is there theory, that connects ...
1
vote
2answers
50 views

Mapping duration mentions to their actual verb event

Consider the following example sentence: "For eight weeks, the police say he was tortured by X. " Many native speakers would attribute "eight weeks" to "torture". The question is now how do you ...
0
votes
0answers
44 views

What is the definition of the Van Wijngaarden grammar?

I've been trying to find the formal definition of Van Wijngaarden grammars, but all I can find are either examples of these grammars or some basic overview of what they are. I need to know an actual ...
1
vote
0answers
70 views

which formal languages rule does human language break?

This post is discussing human language and formal languages. According to the professor, human language is a kind of broken formal languages. So, which formal languages rule does human language ...
2
votes
2answers
253 views

What causes relative frequency of consonants?

So, can you point me to some research, what causes the relative frequency of consonants in various languages?The fact that vowels are more common than consonants is obviously caused by phonotactics, ...
-2
votes
1answer
120 views

what does broken formal languages mean?

I am learning Stanford CS224N: natural language processing with Deep Learning. Chris said "a little bit broken formal languages" in Lecture 1. what does that mean? can any one give a concrete ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

what are the 2 similar notions exactly in cs224n Lecture 2 | Word Vector Representations: word2vec?

I cannot get what Chris is saying about distributional sth in Lecture 2 of cs224n. He is distinguishing 2 similar notions (distributional similarity and distributed representations) I know they very ...
4
votes
2answers
247 views

How to interpret this form of Heaps' Law?

Heaps' Law basically is an empirical function that says the number of distinct words you'll find in a document grows as a function to the length of the document. The equation given in the Wikipedia ...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

Relationship between two words part of the same sentence

I'm looking for some help on strategy to be used for finding out if word is spoken in relation to another word. For ex: The pool is dirty. Here dirty is spoken w.r.t pool However, The pool was great ...
0
votes
0answers
51 views

Dictionary pruning and real-word errors detecting

Dear colleagues, do you know something about experimentations similar to experiment from "An examination of undetected typing errors" by Fred J. Damerau and Eric Mays but for Russian or Ukrainian ? ...
3
votes
1answer
76 views

What are uses of Dependency Parsing in NLP / Computational Linguistics?

Dependency Parsing seems to be present in most of the NLP toolkits out there. What is not clear and what I have trouble finding in Google is what are actual practical, or even research, applications ...
3
votes
0answers
28 views

What is the term for a specific type of collocation analysis

I am trying to write a text processing script in R. I am interested in finding a word (from a list of words I have selected) only if it is in the same sentence as another word. Eventually I would ...
4
votes
0answers
43 views

PoS tagger - technical corpus

I try to find corpus with technical language to train my model, but I cannot find it. Do you know if there are any tagged PoS corpus in English related with technical language?
2
votes
1answer
82 views

Get Prolog (other functional programming language) rules/facts from LKB or similar system

My goal is to take simple sentence such as Grass is green and convert it to Prolog rule/fact. It does not have to be Prolog, but any other functional programming language with which I can perform ...
0
votes
0answers
46 views

Introductory texts in Computational Linguistics [duplicate]

I am looking for good introductory texts in Computational Linguistics involving NLP.
-1
votes
2answers
53 views

How to generate similar sentence by given sentence?

I'd like to generate a similar sentence by a given sentence. e.g. by given "Mike, this is an apple." can generate "Tom, this is a pear." Which software can I use for such generation? ...
2
votes
0answers
60 views

How relevant is WordNet nowadays?

How relevant is WordNet (both the original Princeton's and all other WordNets) as a tool for researchers now, decades later? Do researchers consider it valuable? And does the general research ...
0
votes
0answers
8 views

Using Penn Treebank to create tense and aspect tags

I am working on a project where I am trying to get verbs tagged from a block of text, showing the tense, aspect and mood. Do you know of anyone who has already used Penn's POS tags (or a similar tag ...
3
votes
2answers
77 views

Computational/Formal Approaches to Paragraph-Level Semantics

There are several frameworks that have been built by both linguists and computer scientists to deal with the problem of semantic representation of sentences, most notably Abstract Meaning ...
3
votes
2answers
106 views

Understanding Feature Grammar syntax

Background: I am a software dev who doesn't really know much about linguistics but I am trying to learn some of it for an application I'm making I am trying to understand Feature Grammar syntax, and ...
1
vote
1answer
59 views

What problems does co-articulation cause in speech recognition?

I know it becomes harder to find the start and end of phonemes due to co-articulation. I want to know about other problems that co-articulation causes in speech recognition.
4
votes
1answer
122 views

Rule-based or Statistics-based approach for generating plain language grammar rules from a text

Disclaimer: I am a software developer, not a computational linguist and I am not super familiar (though I am mildly familiar) with the field. Happy to learn and be corrected though! My use-case: I ...
2
votes
1answer
49 views

Is there an online Esperanto word stem “diagrammer?”

I'm wondering if there is a site or resource that will take an Esperanto word and diagram the different components. For example, given "malsanulejo," the "diagrammer" would return something like: mal-...
6
votes
1answer
100 views

How can I know if a log-likelihood score is high enough?

I am trying to understand if some terms can be considered as distinctly American or British. So for example I was studying the term "aubergine" and the normalized frequency in the American corpus is ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

Maximally dissecting lexicon according to meaning (heuristically)

I'm trying to find a set of N English terms that maximally express the 'space of meaning' that all words are encapsulated within. I don't know the correct nomenclature to describe what I'm looking for ...
5
votes
1answer
65 views

Word length as a function of word frequency?

I was wondering if any studies have been done in corpus linguistics which look at word length (number of phonemes per word) as a function of the word's frequency of use? Thanks! EDIT: Never mind, ...
2
votes
0answers
19 views

How to convert CHAT to TextGrid in a batch?

Siarad corpus is a corpus of spoken Welsh (~40 hours, all transcribed, glossed and translated!). I want to analyze some conversations using Praat. Praat uses the TextGrid format, but the Siarad corpus ...
3
votes
2answers
72 views

Computational applications of construction grammars

Are there NLP applications (either natural language understanding or generation) which make use of the Construction Grammar framework? On a related note, does there exist a logically organized list ...
2
votes
0answers
51 views

Is “help” a causal verb?

As part of my research, I extract causal (cause-effect) relations from natural text. Sometimes, there are words in the text that signal a causal relation like "because" or "since." And, some other ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

parsing British National Corpus into words

I need to calculate inverse document frequency from BNC. Does anybody has any code or know how to parse this dataset to extract texts? After extracting texts do I need to stem(get the base form of ...
-3
votes
1answer
40 views

For each word in a corpus, find how many senses it has according to WordNet [closed]

I've come across this exercise in my studies and I do not know how to challenge, I've tried to follow examples though I can never find anything online that truly is symmetrical to what I'm trying to ...
3
votes
1answer
49 views

Why not use a Lookup taggers?

I do understand that a lookup tagger is one of the simplest ones to implement as it is able to map each word a single POS. Why shouldn't we use it compared to bigram tagger?
0
votes
1answer
109 views

Jiang & Conrath when two words are the same

I would like to normalize the result of Jiang & Conrath similarity measure by dividing it by the maximum value(normally should be when both synsets are the same). I am using the implementation of ...