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Questions tagged [computational-linguistics]

A branch of science that uses computers and mathematical methods to construct and investigate linguistic theory. Its technological and algorithmic implementation is called NLP.

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How to generate similar sentence by given sentence?

I'd like to generate a similar sentence by a given sentence. e.g. by given "Mike, this is an apple." can generate "Tom, this is a pear." Which software can I use for such generation? ...
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Issue with inputing WikiQA dataset on Attentive Convolution [on hold]

I want to use a github code on Answer sentence selection with CNN, but I dont know how to feed in the wikiQA dataset as input. Here is the link to the github code: https://github.com/yinwenpeng/...
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0answers
47 views

How relevant is WordNet nowadays?

How relevant is WordNet (both the original Princeton's and all other WordNets) as a tool for researchers now, decades later? Do researchers consider it valuable? And does the general research ...
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Using Penn Treebank to create tense and aspect tags

I am working on a project where I am trying to get verbs tagged from a block of text, showing the tense, aspect and mood. Do you know of anyone who has already used Penn's POS tags (or a similar tag ...
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2answers
72 views

Computational/Formal Approaches to Paragraph-Level Semantics

There are several frameworks that have been built by both linguists and computer scientists to deal with the problem of semantic representation of sentences, most notably Abstract Meaning ...
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2answers
88 views

Understanding Feature Grammar syntax

Background: I am a software dev who doesn't really know much about linguistics but I am trying to learn some of it for an application I'm making I am trying to understand Feature Grammar syntax, and ...
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1answer
49 views

What problems does co-articulation cause in speech recognition?

I know it becomes harder to find the start and end of phonemes due to co-articulation. I want to know about other problems that co-articulation causes in speech recognition.
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1answer
108 views

Rule-based or Statistics-based approach for generating plain language grammar rules from a text

Disclaimer: I am a software developer, not a computational linguist and I am not super familiar (though I am mildly familiar) with the field. Happy to learn and be corrected though! My use-case: I ...
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1answer
38 views

Is there an online Esperanto word stem “diagrammer?”

I'm wondering if there is a site or resource that will take an Esperanto word and diagram the different components. For example, given "malsanulejo," the "diagrammer" would return something like: mal-...
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1answer
67 views

How can I know if a log-likelihood score is high enough?

I am trying to understand if some terms can be considered as distinctly American or British. So for example I was studying the term "aubergine" and the normalized frequency in the American corpus is ...
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0answers
24 views

Maximally dissecting lexicon according to meaning (heuristically)

I'm trying to find a set of N English terms that maximally express the 'space of meaning' that all words are encapsulated within. I don't know the correct nomenclature to describe what I'm looking for ...
5
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1answer
61 views

Word length as a function of word frequency?

I was wondering if any studies have been done in corpus linguistics which look at word length (number of phonemes per word) as a function of the word's frequency of use? Thanks! EDIT: Never mind, ...
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How to convert CHAT to TextGrid in a batch?

Siarad corpus is a corpus of spoken Welsh (~40 hours, all transcribed, glossed and translated!). I want to analyze some conversations using Praat. Praat uses the TextGrid format, but the Siarad corpus ...
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2answers
63 views

Computational applications of construction grammars

Are there NLP applications (either natural language understanding or generation) which make use of the Construction Grammar framework? On a related note, does there exist a logically organized list ...
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0answers
51 views

Is “help” a causal verb?

As part of my research, I extract causal (cause-effect) relations from natural text. Sometimes, there are words in the text that signal a causal relation like "because" or "since." And, some other ...
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0answers
23 views

parsing British National Corpus into words

I need to calculate inverse document frequency from BNC. Does anybody has any code or know how to parse this dataset to extract texts? After extracting texts do I need to stem(get the base form of ...
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1answer
34 views

For each word in a corpus, find how many senses it has according to WordNet [closed]

I've come across this exercise in my studies and I do not know how to challenge, I've tried to follow examples though I can never find anything online that truly is symmetrical to what I'm trying to ...
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1answer
48 views

Why not use a Lookup taggers?

I do understand that a lookup tagger is one of the simplest ones to implement as it is able to map each word a single POS. Why shouldn't we use it compared to bigram tagger?
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1answer
64 views

Jiang & Conrath when two words are the same

I would like to normalize the result of Jiang & Conrath similarity measure by dividing it by the maximum value(normally should be when both synsets are the same). I am using the implementation of ...
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1answer
108 views

Statistical Methods in Etymology

Etymologists tend to categorize the probability of theories under formulaic labels. These range from "uncertain" over "tentative" or "not convincing" to "established", "accepted" or "nonsense". P ...
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60 views

Are there any computational linguists who still use prolog?

My understanding is that in the 90's and early 2000's, expert systems and logical rules dominated the field of natural language processing/computational linguistics, but that for the last 10 years, ...
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1answer
40 views

The determiner “a” in lambda form

In the sentence: A man loves Mary The lambda notation of the determiner 'a' is: λY.λX.∃z.Y(z)∧X(z) What about the general determiner 'a'? Is the lambda notation the same? or it should be: λX.∃z....
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3answers
62 views

Looking for tool to split german text into sentences

I want to train a german embedding and need to split text into sentences. That is not easy since "z. B." and "Dr." are not endings of a sentence. Does anybody know a tool to do that for german texts? ...
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1answer
88 views

Syntax tree for this sentence [closed]

I am trying to find best way to get a syntax tree for this sentence: Planting seeds helps you grow your farm I thought of this: -------- S1 --------- | | --...
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2answers
118 views

Given both a word and the corresponding IPA, how to match/map the letters together?

Given both the word and the corresponding IPA equivalent, is there any stable algorithm for mapping the letter of each word to the IPA letter? For example, given close-quote and IPA kloʊzkwoʊt -- I'd ...
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2answers
96 views

Dataset/Database similar to WALS in Vowel/Phonology

I am wondering if there is any database similar to The World Atlas of Language Structures (WALS)(https://wals.info/). In the case that it is specifically more geared towards phonological aspects of ...
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1answer
60 views

How to find the 'average' of a word [closed]

I am trying to extract words that are similar between several documents. I would then like to extract the 'average' of the similar words Input Document 1 Document 2 ...
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0answers
37 views

Software for finding syllogisms in treebank data?

Is there treebank search software that can locate a syllogism, identifying its major and minor premises and terms? cf. Eyal Mozes, “A Deductive Database Based on Aristotelian Logic,” Journal of ...
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34 views

What do you call the process of resolving the subject of a conjunct?

I have the sentence We kick ass and take names. Running this sentence through Google's dependency parser gives: As you can see, "we" is tagged as the subject of "kick". However "we" is not tagged ...
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1answer
1k views

Are European Union parallel multilingual texts ideal for machine learning of machine translation?

Are European Union parallel multilingual texts - regulations, directives, especially the debates of European parliament - ideal for machine learning of machine translation, e.g. with neural networks? ...
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0answers
10 views

Lemmas that fit semantic restrictions of arguments in verbnet

VerbNet produces for each argument of a verb a label denoting semantic restrictions on that argument if such exist. These labels are not actual lemmas, but rather general qualities like "abstract", "...
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2answers
95 views

Can we simulate the pronunciation of sounds that we can't make?

There's certain non-filled places in the IPA chart because we physically can't pronounce them. For example, a velar trill or glottal trill. Using computers, is it possible that we could simulate how ...
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1answer
39 views

Dataset of subject-verb-object/adverb-verb/adjective-noun pairs

Does there exist a dataset which contains a list of subject-verb-object triplets or adverb-verb/adjective-noun pairs that occur within a certain (large) corpus? If not, what would be the most ...
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1answer
48 views

How can I identify Grammatical Categories in a sentence?

Please excuse the fact that I'm not an academically trained Linguist. I am working on a computer program with example sentences and their equivalents in different languages. The idea I am trying to ...
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26 views

What are the “expressive” parts of a language actually called?

Languages provide ways to express: Ordering Temporal (yesterday, today), Spatial (above, below, before, after, inside, outside, ...), Quantitative (larger, smaller,...) Relationships Spatial (...
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5answers
159 views

Algorithm for figuring out the pronunciation of a word

Wondering how we pronounce words. I feel like I learned this when I was a kid in school with all the language rules, but now I can't remember. I am trying to think about how we pronounce words. How ...
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Why does matching any root of a question to any root of potential answers gives better text understanding results?

I'm trying to find a way to prevent Intelligent Agents with Reading Comprehension and Question Answering abilities to answer question from documents from a given dataset. After dependency parsing we ...
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1answer
44 views

What is the definition of a causally coherent text?

I am trying to measure the causal coherence of text documents using NLP techniques to test a hypothesis (as far as I understand, there are different types of coherence in text but I am focusing on ...
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0answers
35 views

How to quantify and compare different ways of segmenting and transliterating (reading) a text in terms of uncertainty/leeway?

I. Let us say we have a syllabary of n symbols. II. Let us have three ways or methods of transliterating a text written using the symbols of the syllabary: The first method considers the syllabary ...
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1answer
39 views

What are the most relevant ways to store expressions in NLP?

I am trying to understand the best ways to store expressions for NLP from an exercise I received Consider the following two expressions, which have the same value. Which one will typically be ...
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Is there any detailed documentation of VerbNet's semantic representation?

In VerbNet, each frame has a semantic representation like this: cause(Agent, E) manner(during(E), directed motion, Agent) !contact(during(E), Agent, Patient) manner(end(E),forceful, Agent) ...
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38 views

Resource for getting agentive noun from verb automatically

I am trying to get (in some automated fashion) the agentive noun of a given verb. For instance we have buy, buyer sell, seller invest, investor I was wondering whether there is some resource that ...
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2answers
57 views

Corpus for simple or basic english

I'm trying to find a good, extensive corpus that uses "simple" or "basic" English, in the sense that it should be easily understandable to people who are not proficient in the English language. For ...
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1answer
39 views

What statistical test is appropriate in a corpus analysis of pronoun resolution preferences?

I have extracted data from a corpus that collected sentences with an antecedent and a next sentence with a pronoun or a stressed pronoun in subject position. Now, the anaphora can either refer back to ...
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1answer
48 views

Relationship between topics and speech acts/dialogue acts in a sentence

I am still ambiguous about the relationship between topics and speech acts/dialogue acts in a sentence. Are the topics selected as conditional on speech acts/dialogue acts (or vice versa) in a ...
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1answer
33 views

what does the average lemmatization length tell us about a body of text? [closed]

In computational linguistics or in NLP, what does the value of average lemmatized length tells us about a document?
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1answer
133 views

Bing Translate isn't same as the previous translation [duplicate]

When I translate "How to use something" in Bing Translate to Chinese, it shows "如何使用某物", but if I translate back, it will show "How to use a thing". What's the hell? When I'am translating other ...
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2answers
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How can I do data augmentation for text classification?

I am working on a text classification project. Some properties of my data set: Total number of samples: 33200 Total number of classes: 1131 Class distribution is highly skewed (about 35% of the ...
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Automatic Semantic Clustering and Tagging of sentences using NLP

NLP Analysis for keyword clustering I have a set of keywords for search engines and I would like to create a python script to classify and tag them under unknown categories. To make it clear I ...
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1answer
121 views

What is the state of the art for diacritic restoration?

Diacritic restoration is a term for guessing the original form of a text, after it's been converted to ASCII in a lossy way. In Lingála, for example, writing in ASCII merges two pairs of vowels and ...