Questions tagged [computational-linguistics]

A branch of science that uses computers and mathematical methods to construct and investigate linguistic theory. Its technological and algorithmic implementation is called NLP.

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Force Aligner Trainers

I've been trying to use the Montreal Force Aligner in order to try and train a model for a language I've been working with for alignment of future data. However, I keep throwing a ton of errors, and ...
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58 views

Does StanfordNLP have a problem with adverbs?

I suspect not, and I'm being dumb, but ... Usain ran quickest. is parsed (https://corenlp.run) as NNP VBZ JJS. Why JJS (Adjective, superlative) and not RBS (Adverb, superlative)? Using extended ...
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2answers
74 views

What is it called to derive all the implied meanings from a sentence?

What would this process of gathering the meaning of a sentence be called? What would the segments derived from the sentence be called? "John and Derrek both love cake" -> John loves cake -&...
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2answers
30 views

Negativity score for sentences

I am working on a dataset of airline customer complaints. Since it is "complaints" the general consensus is all the sentence are "negative" sentiment. So I am think of an approach to quantize the ...
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1answer
23 views

Need an online freely available Anaphorically Annotated Corpus of English Language for Identification of Discourse Units

I'm in need of a freely available corpus of English language (which may contain text of any genre) but has to be annotated anaphoriacally i-e. Anaphora resolution should have been performed already. ...
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1answer
75 views

Is author profiling based on gender possible for English?

I was recently told by a friend who works in IT that certain neural networks can be trained to predict the age and gender of authors from anonymous texts written by them (cf. arXiv:1707.03764). The ...
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27 views

Grammar induction from grammaticality rules

Let's have formalisation of grammaticality judgments in some deduction system. Is it possible to learn/induce grammar from rules that govern grammaticality judgments? Is there theory, that connects ...
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2answers
49 views

Mapping duration mentions to their actual verb event

Consider the following example sentence: "For eight weeks, the police say he was tortured by X. " Many native speakers would attribute "eight weeks" to "torture". The question is now how do you ...
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44 views

What is the definition of the Van Wijngaarden grammar?

I've been trying to find the formal definition of Van Wijngaarden grammars, but all I can find are either examples of these grammars or some basic overview of what they are. I need to know an actual ...
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66 views

which formal languages rule does human language break?

This post is discussing human language and formal languages. According to the professor, human language is a kind of broken formal languages. So, which formal languages rule does human language ...
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2answers
248 views

What causes relative frequency of consonants?

So, can you point me to some research, what causes the relative frequency of consonants in various languages?The fact that vowels are more common than consonants is obviously caused by phonotactics, ...
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120 views

what does broken formal languages mean?

I am learning Stanford CS224N: natural language processing with Deep Learning. Chris said "a little bit broken formal languages" in Lecture 1. what does that mean? can any one give a concrete ...
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what are the 2 similar notions exactly in cs224n Lecture 2 | Word Vector Representations: word2vec?

I cannot get what Chris is saying about distributional sth in Lecture 2 of cs224n. He is distinguishing 2 similar notions (distributional similarity and distributed representations) I know they very ...
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2answers
241 views

How to interpret this form of Heaps' Law?

Heaps' Law basically is an empirical function that says the number of distinct words you'll find in a document grows as a function to the length of the document. The equation given in the Wikipedia ...
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1answer
46 views

Relationship between two words part of the same sentence

I'm looking for some help on strategy to be used for finding out if word is spoken in relation to another word. For ex: The pool is dirty. Here dirty is spoken w.r.t pool However, The pool was great ...
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49 views

Dictionary pruning and real-word errors detecting

Dear colleagues, do you know something about experimentations similar to experiment from "An examination of undetected typing errors" by Fred J. Damerau and Eric Mays but for Russian or Ukrainian ? ...
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1answer
63 views

What are uses of Dependency Parsing in NLP / Computational Linguistics?

Dependency Parsing seems to be present in most of the NLP toolkits out there. What is not clear and what I have trouble finding in Google is what are actual practical, or even research, applications ...
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28 views

What is the term for a specific type of collocation analysis

I am trying to write a text processing script in R. I am interested in finding a word (from a list of words I have selected) only if it is in the same sentence as another word. Eventually I would ...
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41 views

PoS tagger - technical corpus

I try to find corpus with technical language to train my model, but I cannot find it. Do you know if there are any tagged PoS corpus in English related with technical language?
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1answer
76 views

Get Prolog (other functional programming language) rules/facts from LKB or similar system

My goal is to take simple sentence such as Grass is green and convert it to Prolog rule/fact. It does not have to be Prolog, but any other functional programming language with which I can perform ...
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43 views

Introductory texts in Computational Linguistics [duplicate]

I am looking for good introductory texts in Computational Linguistics involving NLP.
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53 views

How to generate similar sentence by given sentence?

I'd like to generate a similar sentence by a given sentence. e.g. by given "Mike, this is an apple." can generate "Tom, this is a pear." Which software can I use for such generation? ...
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56 views

How relevant is WordNet nowadays?

How relevant is WordNet (both the original Princeton's and all other WordNets) as a tool for researchers now, decades later? Do researchers consider it valuable? And does the general research ...
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7 views

Using Penn Treebank to create tense and aspect tags

I am working on a project where I am trying to get verbs tagged from a block of text, showing the tense, aspect and mood. Do you know of anyone who has already used Penn's POS tags (or a similar tag ...
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2answers
77 views

Computational/Formal Approaches to Paragraph-Level Semantics

There are several frameworks that have been built by both linguists and computer scientists to deal with the problem of semantic representation of sentences, most notably Abstract Meaning ...
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2answers
104 views

Understanding Feature Grammar syntax

Background: I am a software dev who doesn't really know much about linguistics but I am trying to learn some of it for an application I'm making I am trying to understand Feature Grammar syntax, and ...
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1answer
58 views

What problems does co-articulation cause in speech recognition?

I know it becomes harder to find the start and end of phonemes due to co-articulation. I want to know about other problems that co-articulation causes in speech recognition.
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1answer
119 views

Rule-based or Statistics-based approach for generating plain language grammar rules from a text

Disclaimer: I am a software developer, not a computational linguist and I am not super familiar (though I am mildly familiar) with the field. Happy to learn and be corrected though! My use-case: I ...
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1answer
48 views

Is there an online Esperanto word stem “diagrammer?”

I'm wondering if there is a site or resource that will take an Esperanto word and diagram the different components. For example, given "malsanulejo," the "diagrammer" would return something like: mal-...
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1answer
90 views

How can I know if a log-likelihood score is high enough?

I am trying to understand if some terms can be considered as distinctly American or British. So for example I was studying the term "aubergine" and the normalized frequency in the American corpus is ...
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25 views

Maximally dissecting lexicon according to meaning (heuristically)

I'm trying to find a set of N English terms that maximally express the 'space of meaning' that all words are encapsulated within. I don't know the correct nomenclature to describe what I'm looking for ...
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1answer
65 views

Word length as a function of word frequency?

I was wondering if any studies have been done in corpus linguistics which look at word length (number of phonemes per word) as a function of the word's frequency of use? Thanks! EDIT: Never mind, ...
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0answers
18 views

How to convert CHAT to TextGrid in a batch?

Siarad corpus is a corpus of spoken Welsh (~40 hours, all transcribed, glossed and translated!). I want to analyze some conversations using Praat. Praat uses the TextGrid format, but the Siarad corpus ...
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2answers
70 views

Computational applications of construction grammars

Are there NLP applications (either natural language understanding or generation) which make use of the Construction Grammar framework? On a related note, does there exist a logically organized list ...
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51 views

Is “help” a causal verb?

As part of my research, I extract causal (cause-effect) relations from natural text. Sometimes, there are words in the text that signal a causal relation like "because" or "since." And, some other ...
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34 views

parsing British National Corpus into words

I need to calculate inverse document frequency from BNC. Does anybody has any code or know how to parse this dataset to extract texts? After extracting texts do I need to stem(get the base form of ...
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1answer
39 views

For each word in a corpus, find how many senses it has according to WordNet [closed]

I've come across this exercise in my studies and I do not know how to challenge, I've tried to follow examples though I can never find anything online that truly is symmetrical to what I'm trying to ...
3
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1answer
49 views

Why not use a Lookup taggers?

I do understand that a lookup tagger is one of the simplest ones to implement as it is able to map each word a single POS. Why shouldn't we use it compared to bigram tagger?
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1answer
100 views

Jiang & Conrath when two words are the same

I would like to normalize the result of Jiang & Conrath similarity measure by dividing it by the maximum value(normally should be when both synsets are the same). I am using the implementation of ...
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1answer
128 views

Statistical Methods in Etymology

Etymologists tend to categorize the probability of theories under formulaic labels. These range from "uncertain" over "tentative" or "not convincing" to "established", "accepted" or "nonsense". P ...
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77 views

Are there any computational linguists who still use prolog?

My understanding is that in the 90's and early 2000's, expert systems and logical rules dominated the field of natural language processing/computational linguistics, but that for the last 10 years, ...
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1answer
52 views

The determiner “a” in lambda form

In the sentence: A man loves Mary The lambda notation of the determiner 'a' is: λY.λX.∃z.Y(z)∧X(z) What about the general determiner 'a'? Is the lambda notation the same? or it should be: λX.∃z....
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3answers
76 views

Looking for tool to split german text into sentences

I want to train a german embedding and need to split text into sentences. That is not easy since "z. B." and "Dr." are not endings of a sentence. Does anybody know a tool to do that for german texts? ...
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1answer
112 views

Syntax tree for this sentence [closed]

I am trying to find best way to get a syntax tree for this sentence: Planting seeds helps you grow your farm I thought of this: -------- S1 --------- | | --...
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2answers
129 views

Given both a word and the corresponding IPA, how to match/map the letters together?

Given both the word and the corresponding IPA equivalent, is there any stable algorithm for mapping the letter of each word to the IPA letter? For example, given close-quote and IPA kloʊzkwoʊt -- I'd ...
6
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2answers
113 views

Dataset/Database similar to WALS in Vowel/Phonology

I am wondering if there is any database similar to The World Atlas of Language Structures (WALS)(https://wals.info/). In the case that it is specifically more geared towards phonological aspects of ...
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1answer
60 views

How to find the 'average' of a word [closed]

I am trying to extract words that are similar between several documents. I would then like to extract the 'average' of the similar words Input Document 1 Document 2 ...
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0answers
39 views

Software for finding syllogisms in treebank data?

Is there treebank search software that can locate a syllogism, identifying its major and minor premises and terms? cf. Eyal Mozes, “A Deductive Database Based on Aristotelian Logic,” Journal of ...
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37 views

What do you call the process of resolving the subject of a conjunct?

I have the sentence We kick ass and take names. Running this sentence through Google's dependency parser gives: As you can see, "we" is tagged as the subject of "kick". However "we" is not tagged ...
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1answer
1k views

Are European Union parallel multilingual texts ideal for machine learning of machine translation?

Are European Union parallel multilingual texts - regulations, directives, especially the debates of European parliament - ideal for machine learning of machine translation, e.g. with neural networks? ...