Questions tagged [computational-linguistics]

A branch of science that uses computers and mathematical methods to construct and investigate linguistic theory. Its technological and algorithmic implementation is called NLP.

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Book suggestions for a concise introduction to computational linguistics?

I am fairly new to the field of linguistics and am looking for a book as a fairly concise basic introduction to computational linguistics (I already have some computer science background). What is a ...
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Can I simply check the unicode or UTF-8 mapping of character to infer the language?

I am given a language detection problem. I was wondering if it could be solved just by looking at the encoding map of characters used and decide which language it is. Is there too much overlap of ...
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Large parallel corpus of English and Farsi text

hope you are doing well. I am looking for a large parallel corpus of English and Farsi text, professionally written or edited. I would be more than happy to have your suggestions. Thank you all.
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Is the way words are used the biggest obstacle in understanding science and technology? [closed]

Do I have a point to say that, in the area of science, people have difficulties understanding it mostly due to the way words are used to describe whatever it may be? One may understand the words ...
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Computer analysis of ESL learners' mistakes

This is a very broad question; I'm trying to get a sense of the current state of this subfield of NLP and what relevant resources may already exist, so even tangential answers will be welcome. To what ...
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1answer
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Combinatory categorial grammar for English

I am working on theoretical NLP things, in particular to do with combinatory categorial grammar (CCG). I don't have much knowledge of CCG, or of grammar in general. I was wondering how much of English ...
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Looking for a test that produces data similar to Eye-Tracking tests

I was conducting a study about Shell Nouns and how they affect the brain. The issue was that corona came up and the university is still shut down and everything is only online. For my study I worked ...
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How to determine structure of answer for a wh- question

Consider a wh-question (in english language) such as "Who closed the door?". Personally, I can determine that an answer will look like "NP closed the door.", where NP would be a ...
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*Compact* Context-Free Grammar for English

I have seen that similar questions have been asked here, but the common answer is to look at Generalized Phrase Structure Grammar. Then, on the internet I just find slides from computational ...
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1answer
30 views

SubCategorization Frame of a verb

I am working on verbal clustering. And to train my model, I need features like SCF of the verbs. To understand what it is, I read that an SCF is a structure which gives the syntactic nature of the ...
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1answer
41 views

Is there any method to summarize and gain the big picture from an article?

Background Recently I just develop a method to summarize and find the big picture of an article, especially the ones that are so abstract and introduce too many new terms. The method is as follow: ...
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NLP methods specific to a language?

What NLP methods / algorithms depend on the features existing only in some languages? For example, does French has any NLP algorithms that English NLP and Spanish NLP do not have?
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Are there any set guidelines for the lifespan of a (spoken) corpus?

Are there any set guidelines on how long a (spoken) corpus stays relevant / is reliable to use? The only major Dutch spoken corpus is from 2004, and I was wondering if using this corpus would cause a ...
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123 views

Indo-European cognate calculator

There are Indo-European cognate pairs that are phonetically exact and regular in the sense that their phonematic make-up is completely explained by systematic application of the relevant sound rules ...
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Is there a basis set of words for a language? [duplicate]

We define a word in a language using a set of other, agreed-upon words. In linear algebra, the set of basis vectors for a space are the minimum number of vectors needed to describe any other vector in ...
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How to extract specific data from a TextGrid file?

I'm new here. Just found that there is a linguistics community on stack exchange! I have a TextGrid file that has been output from a forced aligner, webMAUS and I mainly want to understand how to ...
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How to best clean a large historical corpus ridden with OCR errors

Overview: I have a very large corpus of historical news papers (17th-20th cent.). The word count is about 20 bln. It's raw OCR-ed data in txt-files of about 150 GB. One newspaper issue per file (some ...
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Automating the identification of a language grammar based on samples -- is this something that is done, and what is it called?

I'm trying (not very successfully) to find research papers to help with a project. Suppose you had a relatively small sample of a target language (e.g. a bible translation) and you would like to write ...
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1answer
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What is the more natural parsing, the one that leads to the preferred reading of the sentence

I have those rules: and those two possible parse trees: I am asked for the next question: What is the more natural parsing, the one that leads to the preferred reading of the sentence? Can anyone ...
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Are there any theoretical properties of punctuation marks that allow to identify them without understanding the text?

Imaging that you have discovered a stone with written text in an ancient (or alien!) language that doesn't resemble any known language. Is there a way to show that some of the symbols are likely ...
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2answers
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What is the percentage of words that are phonemically regular in english?

I know that English has a deep orthography. I am wondering whether someone could tell me what the percentage of English words are governed by regular letter-sound rules? Thank you
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How to incorporate sentence end marker in POS tagging with viterbi algorithm?

I am self-reading the NLP book by Dan Jurafsky. In the book, the following equation is given for incorporating the sentence end marker in the Viterbi algorithm for POS tagging. I am confused why the ...
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1answer
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how to interpret probabilities of sequences given by ngram language modelling?

Question about ngram models, might be a stupid question: With ngram models, the probability of a sequence is the product of the conditional probabilities of the n-grams into which the sequence can be ...
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1answer
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Is there any tool where I can effectively find some examples of a specific sound change in world's languages?

For example, I have once read about an example of the sound change g > dʐ. I need it now but I cannot find it. Is there anything like "sound change corpus" where I can effectively find ...
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ValueError: Can not squeeze dim[1], expected a dimension of 1

I want to buil a sequential LSTM model that predicts binary classification at every time step. More exactly, I want to predict an output for every paragraph in my texts (48 is the number of paragraphs)...
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Corpus of Taboo card game?

Has anyone constructed a corpus of people playing the card game Taboo, in a purely text-based setting, like a computer chat, rather than face-to-face with audio or video? The closest I've found are ...
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Is the word "Language" in "Natural Language Processing" plural or singular, count or mass? [closed]

I want to translate the word language in the term NLP to the Arabic language. so I wonder, In Natural Language Processing, if the word language is countable or uncountable? whether it is plural or ...
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What algorithms can associate words together from texts?

What algorithms can associate words together from texts? I was wondering how this can be achieved. Thanks.
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Method in deep learning with domain specific corpus for a text classification

I'm searching a method to classify a text (5 classes) with a little corpus and which is domain specific (in pharmaceutical area). I tried some models on python like random forest or multinomial naive ...
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1answer
102 views

How to extract Subject-Verb-Object from a sentence?

Given a corpus of sentences, is there a way to extract subject-verb-object triplets? What is the state-of-art in detecting SVO triplets?
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Is it possible to produce a list of syntactic rules for a language?

I recently started a new job as an applied linguist engineer and one of the first tasks I was ask to do was to provide a list of syntactic rules that can produce French sentences (for an ...
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Automatic sentence negation

I am looking for an automatic sentence negation tool. Something that will be able to perform conversions like: "this ball is large" ---> "this ball is small" "you should ...
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1answer
87 views

Popular book(s) recommendation for start learning Linguistics keeping an interest in the Indus Valley script in mind

Recently, I have gathered enough interest in the subject Linguistics. As I came to know that Indus Valley scripts are among the last remaining undeciphered scripts of the ancient world, I gained more ...
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Is formal semantics useful for computational linguistics and NLP?

I browsed the table of content of Cann's Formal Semantics. Cann's book is for linguistics, and am I right that it is helpful for computational linguistics and natural language processing? But it also ...
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Seq2seq translation model. ValueError: An operation has `None` for gradient

So I'm trying to build a seq2seq encoder-decoder network for a translation task. I've been stuck now for a while, I have no idea how to fix the error I'm getting and would appreciate any help. My code ...
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How to determine grammatical complexity using quantitative features?

I'm doing a research on defining the complexity of language used in technical documentations for technologies (libraries and modules) used in data science and machine learning engineering. And I'm ...
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How can I calculate the morphological similarity between sentences?

For my bachelor thesis i am probing various text similarity metrics for how much they incorporate different aspects of sentences. To get those aspects I use datasets that are annotated for semantic ...
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How to find the characteristics of a bunch of word Clusters?

My Motivations I'm trying to learn German and realized there's a confounding fact with the structure of German: every noun has a gender which seems unrelated to the noun itself in many cases. Unlike ...
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Is there a website, dataset, API or NLP library which can give me the English meaning, POS and conjugated forms of a word from any major language?

Is there a website or dataset which can give me the following info all at once: (1) English meaning of a word/lexeme (2) part of speech (3) all conjugated forms of the lexeme, whether verb, noun or ...
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Is it possible to test statistical significance of difference between two distance/similarity scores?

I have a corpus consisting of tweets by men and another corpus of female tweets. I was thinking of using a word embeddings approach (e.g., glove and fasttext) and examine the cosine similarity between ...
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How to find most frequent bigram letters in R [closed]

I want to find the most frequent bigram letters in a text in R. Example: text = "Hello my name is Ana" Output: "he", "ll", "om", "yn", "am", "ei" "sa" "na" Any help would be appreaicted.
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What branch in computational linguistics should I study if I am interested in machine translation?

I am graduate student and I am doing a Master of Translation and interpretation Arabic English. I need to pursue study in machine translation but I do not know where exactly to start, NLP, ...
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Non-projective tree sentences

I'm trying to generate the non-projective tree of the sentence: "A hearing is scheduled on the issue today." But with the Stanford Core NLP tool (https://corenlp.run/), I obtain a projective ...
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Why should we assign the head to a word as early as possible in shift-reduce dependency parsing?

This is about dependency parsing. The operation set of a shift-reduce parser was changed so that an arc is added as early as possible. It's claimed that "the longer a word has to wait to get assigned ...
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Determining the semantic "complexity" of a grammar computationally from text

I'm working on a computational text analysis project which uses ngram data from journal articles, and I'm trying to find a way to measure some aspect of the semantic "complexity" of the grammar in one ...
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What does 'MSP' stand for in the context of Chinese parts of speech?

The Part-Of-Speech Tagging Guidelines for the PennChineseTreebank(3.0) uses several acronyms without defining them. I am a hobbyist student of Chinese linguistics as part of my study of Chinese. I ...
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54 views

Checking Definitions for Self-Consistency and Cycles

I am building a "self-contained" set of definitions, and would like to ensure that the definitions: Do not contain circular definitions (which might include other words within that cycle, not just a ...
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Is there software (eg. desktop or mobile app) out there that helps learners learn all the sounds of the world with the IPA?

I wished there was one where the app would synthesise a sound for some phoneme X, displaying the IPA symbol at the same time, then ask the user to repeat the sound, which the software checks for the ...
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Can levels of nesting in conjunctions be unambiguously systematically parsed?

This question on NLP asks for the how of parsing, and the given answer shows how the state-of-the-art isn't at that level. But whether this is a hard problem or not is not my question: what I ask is, ...
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Similar term as phonetics, but for written text

I try to find any term that can specify a descriptive field of study that is interested in language notation. It should contain parts of written text (general text form - not only handwritten): ...

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