Questions tagged [computational-linguistics]

A branch of science that uses computers and mathematical methods to construct and investigate linguistic theory. Its technological and algorithmic implementation is called NLP.

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Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online database (by Brill, Leiden University)

The Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online database (by Brill) already includes eleven dictionaries https://linguistics.stackexchange.com/a/6356/22504 I've read about this "database" before. ...
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Corpus of English sentences written by non-native speakers?

I am working on a hobby project which tends to help the non-native speakers figure out if the sentences they write are good enough and sounds like written by English native speakers. Any relevant info ...
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30 views

How do I draw CCG derivations in LaTeX?

I have been trying to find an easy way to draw CCG derivations in Latex but nothing seems to work. I am working on a presentation, and I found this github repo but it for some reason when I try it it ...
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Which is the most recommended corpus for training a POS Tagger?

The tagger is for English and I will use the universal dependency tag set. I am looking for a corpus that best represents nowadays English.
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What English corpus for syntactic parsing should I work with?

I'm working on a syntactic parser (constituent structure based) and I need a corpus with just sentences, not phrases. What corpus should I use? Is there a corpus tagged with the Universal Dependency ...
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Annotating the vocabulary using Word2vec model

I am trying to annotate the vocabulary in the corpus. I have trained the word2vec model on the corpus I have grouped the words which are related based on the score as key as the first word as the key ...
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Comparing corpora

So first, a disclaimer: I'm less than beginner level in everything that has to do with programming. I'm analysing the occurrences of English code-switching/translanguaging in a particular Polish-...
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Is there specific grammar used in Newspaper headlines?

I need to find some general rules used in Newspaper headlines. I will use computational linguistics (nltk python library) to develop classification algorithm to distinguish news and not news by ...
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3answers
495 views

Relationship between complexity of a sentence and the average distance between the tokens in which we relate

I am a PhD student in Statistics and I need more understandings in Linguistics for my PhD research. Say we are given two sentences of SAME LENGTH -- sentence A and B. Sentence A is simple (simple ...
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What is a good introduction to formal language theory for linguistics?

I know formal languages are widely used in linguistics, especially for computational linguistics. However, I do not understand where this connection started - Wikipedia says that formal language ...
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80 views

Context-Free grammars and Language

As someone trained in neither, how could you explain the analogies between context free grammars / languages and certain programming languages in computer science? Have I misunderstood whether there ...
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Addressing the problem of symmetry in metric space based representations of words in computational linguistics

In the field of computational linguistics it's very common to represent words / sentences/ etc as mathematical objects and then use said representations to elicit certain linguistic tasks. The most ...
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Find the 5 most-different-from-each other adjectives in the English language

I am trying to find a set of N common adjectives that are the least-used with each other in English. TLDR: Basically if you were creating a new language that was only going to have N adjectives and ...
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118 views

What semantic frameworks are there for computational linguistics?

Besides Frege's principle of compositionality are there any other philosophical frameworks of language to form distributional semantics in the English language? Edit - Although I'm still yet to ...
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How to make a Corpus? (selecting a good structure)

I'm making a Corpus. I have searched for good practices on how to build it. I've downloaded some Corpus to check their internal structure and the extension file, but I didn't find many. So, I am lost ...
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What is the 'best' language, and by what metrics, why those metrics…? [closed]

This is sort of the old question that you'd see whispered about a lot in Western academia, and shouted out by linguists of the past, who had their own circumstances, own canons, own less-connected (?) ...
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State of the art in controlled english languages?

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Controlled_natural_language lists some controlled languages, of which Attempto Controlled English seems to be the most recent. However, are there any Attempto extensions, ...
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Is there a theorem for the completeness of a language? [duplicate]

In computer science, there is a theorem that says any machine able to perform six basic primitives can compute any computable problem. Is there a similar theorem in linguistics that specifies certain ...
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How to classify Compound Strings?

My team and I have been working on a project that involves classifying different strings in a text, or more specifically, Wikipedia Infoboxes. For example, Barack Obama would be classified as a ...
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Is there a phenomena when we think that something is completely specified but it's not?

Bob is the best driver. That seems pretty clear. However, many things are not specified. Best driver among who? Perhaps, Bob is the best driver among his family and not in the world. Here is a ...
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Can computational techniques solve historical problems that couldn't otherwise be solved?

Recently I've read that machine learning has been used to apply the Comparative Method (example with references here). Also, there are other mathematical approaches that have been applied to the ...
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70 views

Transcription of this computer-generated pronunciation of 1991 in Danish

I came across this Google Translate pronunciation of 1991 (which it appears to be interpreting as the year rather than the cardinal or ordinal); click the thumbnail for the video on YouTube: I don’t ...
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Which are the easiest books in NLP for linguists with no background in NLP? [duplicate]

If any prerequisites are required before starting NLP learning, please do mention the books and also topics that we require to learn.
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A linguist searching options to learn Natural Language Processing

I am a linguist. Presently, I am trying to shape my career in a way that my knowledge is directly useful to the society and also to make an in-depth analysis of language. For this purpose, I need to ...
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A tool to replace all words with antonyms

Are there a site or a tool, which can go through a big text and replace every word with an antonym of it? If there are none, then a tool, which translates into a hand-made language would help. I.e ...
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Where to start if you want to do Chomsky style NLP?

I am a computer science grad who has been fascinated by Chomsky's theory of language. I have been following his work and the others in his field. But I also want to try something on my own. The ...
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Is computational linguistics a good field to go into? [closed]

My #1 passion in life is linguistics, and I’ve been obsessed with it for as long as I can remember, but a lot of the basic linguistics jobs such as translators and the such make low wages per year. I ...
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In NLP, is it possible to do language recognition of a text whereby the text is mapped directly to an ISO 639 code?

In recognising the language of a text, spoken or written, have current algorithms or implementations incorporated ISO 639 codes and/or other standards? For example, I'd like to decide the language of ...
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Can anyone explain me the structure of the FCFG grammar

I was not able to understand the grammar rules explain in discourse.fcfg file. Can any one help me understanding SEM means in S[SEM = <app(?subj,?vp)>] -> NP[NUM=?n,SEM=?subj] VP[NUM=?n,SEM=...
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Is there a dataset/list of rules mapping words in sentences to prosodic features?

I'm interested in building a toy text-to-speech system, where at the very least I want to decide when to include dynamic emphasis, slight pitch shift, and the duration and boundary between words. It ...
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Computational linguist's estimate of minimum hours of speech needed to train a neural net to recognize speech

From a computational linguist's point of view, is there a lower limit on the number of hours of speech needed to train a neural net to translate speech to text? An estimate from CMU is 3000-5000 hours ...
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What are the conventions for corpus usage?

Suppose I'm working with a language that doesn't have much data available; the largest corpus around is a translation of the Bible, which is free to read online, but is presumably still copyrighted by ...
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115 views

Is there a Machine Comprehension system integrating several different linguistic constructions?

Given the following linguistics (and some non-linguistic) constructions: entailment, implicature, Strawson entailment, semantic underspecification, discourse representation theory, rhetorical ...
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Force Aligner Trainers

I've been trying to use the Montreal Force Aligner in order to try and train a model for a language I've been working with for alignment of future data. However, I keep throwing a ton of errors, and ...
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Does StanfordNLP have a problem with adverbs?

I suspect not, and I'm being dumb, but ... Usain ran quickest. is parsed (https://corenlp.run) as NNP VBZ JJS. Why JJS (Adjective, superlative) and not RBS (Adverb, superlative)? Using extended ...
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What is it called to derive all the implied meanings from a sentence?

What would this process of gathering the meaning of a sentence be called? What would the segments derived from the sentence be called? "John and Derrek both love cake" -> John loves cake -&...
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Negativity score for sentences

I am working on a dataset of airline customer complaints. Since it is "complaints" the general consensus is all the sentence are "negative" sentiment. So I am think of an approach to quantize the ...
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Need an online freely available Anaphorically Annotated Corpus of English Language for Identification of Discourse Units

I'm in need of a freely available corpus of English language (which may contain text of any genre) but has to be annotated anaphoriacally i-e. Anaphora resolution should have been performed already. ...
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Is author profiling based on gender possible for English?

I was recently told by a friend who works in IT that certain neural networks can be trained to predict the age and gender of authors from anonymous texts written by them (cf. arXiv:1707.03764). The ...
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Grammar induction from grammaticality rules

Let's have formalisation of grammaticality judgments in some deduction system. Is it possible to learn/induce grammar from rules that govern grammaticality judgments? Is there theory, that connects ...
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Mapping duration mentions to their actual verb event

Consider the following example sentence: "For eight weeks, the police say he was tortured by X. " Many native speakers would attribute "eight weeks" to "torture". The question is now how do you ...
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What is the definition of the Van Wijngaarden grammar?

I've been trying to find the formal definition of Van Wijngaarden grammars, but all I can find are either examples of these grammars or some basic overview of what they are. I need to know an actual ...
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which formal languages rule does human language break?

This post is discussing human language and formal languages. According to the professor, human language is a kind of broken formal languages. So, which formal languages rule does human language ...
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What causes relative frequency of consonants?

So, can you point me to some research, what causes the relative frequency of consonants in various languages?The fact that vowels are more common than consonants is obviously caused by phonotactics, ...
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what does broken formal languages mean?

I am learning Stanford CS224N: natural language processing with Deep Learning. Chris said "a little bit broken formal languages" in Lecture 1. what does that mean? can any one give a concrete ...
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what are the 2 similar notions exactly in cs224n Lecture 2 | Word Vector Representations: word2vec?

I cannot get what Chris is saying about distributional sth in Lecture 2 of cs224n. He is distinguishing 2 similar notions (distributional similarity and distributed representations) I know they very ...
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How to interpret this form of Heaps' Law?

Heaps' Law basically is an empirical function that says the number of distinct words you'll find in a document grows as a function to the length of the document. The equation given in the Wikipedia ...
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Relationship between two words part of the same sentence

I'm looking for some help on strategy to be used for finding out if word is spoken in relation to another word. For ex: The pool is dirty. Here dirty is spoken w.r.t pool However, The pool was great ...
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Dictionary pruning and real-word errors detecting

Dear colleagues, do you know something about experimentations similar to experiment from "An examination of undetected typing errors" by Fred J. Damerau and Eric Mays but for Russian or Ukrainian ? ...
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What are uses of Dependency Parsing in NLP / Computational Linguistics?

Dependency Parsing seems to be present in most of the NLP toolkits out there. What is not clear and what I have trouble finding in Google is what are actual practical, or even research, applications ...