Skip to main content

Questions tagged [computational-linguistics]

A branch of science that uses computers and mathematical methods to construct and investigate linguistic theory. Its technological and algorithmic implementation is called NLP.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
0 votes
0 answers
91 views

What is the information density of factual knowledge in large bodies of English text?

An ML paper I was reading mentioned an estimate of no more than 0.7 bits per word, in footnote 4: As of February 1, 2024, English Wikipedia contains a total of 4.5 billion words [...] We estimate ...
MWB's user avatar
  • 1,112
0 votes
0 answers
52 views

What is the most accurate way to parse a text so that we can get the characters and the list of sentences that refer to each character?

I'm trying to come up with a method that will take a text and parse it so that we can get all the characters and a list of the sentences from the text that have references to the character (either ...
user14269's user avatar
  • 109
0 votes
0 answers
7 views

Discourse similarity techniques, beyond LSA

I want to think of a methodology that would claim two “discourses” are “equivalent” or fuzzily equivalent in form. I think this requires some sort of semantic parse where you choose very precisely ...
Julius Hamilton's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
21 views

Are open-ended questions allowed for an interview focused on corpus creation?

NOTE: I am not a linguist, but my interest is in the Natural Language Processing (NLP) field. I am doing a research which is focused only on gathering new or distinct words on a recently described ...
Rod Maniego's user avatar
-4 votes
1 answer
208 views

How has computational linguistics contributed to the preservation of endangered languages?

Computational tools and techniques had been applied to the field of historical linguistics, aiding in the analysis of old or endangered languages. This has contributed to the documentation and ...
Arunabh's user avatar
  • 109
0 votes
0 answers
66 views

how much text data an AI chatbot is based on vs how accurate its language use is

This question is motivated by a question I read on another online forum, to which the answerers said that when they tested ChatGPT's Hindi, it made grammatical errors all the time and was also trash ...
Chris Sanders's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
257 views

What software for interpreting phonological rules exists?

So far, I have found PHONO33 for DOS, which is a quite old yet impressive program. Though overly strict and simplistic, applying rules in a strict order, which results in weird outcomes ×D It ...
bodqhrohro's user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
79 views

Replace bad spelling with correct spelling

I have a large old text, written in language A but according to the spelling rules of language B. Words are understandable, but I need to make spelling correct according to the rules of A. How this ...
artemious's user avatar
10 votes
2 answers
3k views

Is there a list of word meanings that are universally represented in all languages?

I am looking for a comprehensive list of words/concepts that are represented in most if not all known languages - presumably the category would include human body parts (hand, foot, mouth, eye), ...
norlesh's user avatar
  • 231
0 votes
0 answers
27 views

Why onomasiological studies are less popular/frequent than semasiological ones?

When searching for research on semantic shift, it becomes apparent that the majority of studies concentrate on the semasiological perspective—how a word's meaning evolves over time. In contrast, the ...
estebarb's user avatar
  • 101
2 votes
1 answer
66 views

How to write a program that lists out all the grammar patterns used in a given sentence?

Disclaimer, I have no formal background in linguistics so I'm really asking in the dark here. Problem: I'm trying to write a program that, given a grammatically correct (this is assumed) sentence, ...
minmax19's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
171 views

Are there dictionaries which use Venn diagrams or set theory to clarify similarities between words?

Do there exist dictionaries containing lists of many different specific, not general, definitions of a word x lists of many detailed definitions or examples of a word y Venn diagrams showing which ...
Samuel Muldoon's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
65 views

How can the morphology of a language be formally represented i.e. computerized? [closed]

Languages can have very different morphologies. For instance, Sanskrit has a morphology that is heavily based on the root, and the combination of roots with other roots results in new words (it is ...
Fomalhaut's user avatar
  • 515
1 vote
1 answer
36 views

Synthesize tone contours?

Is there software that I can use to synthesize how a hypothetical tone contour would sound? I'm aware of "sound from formula" feature in Praat, but I'm unsure how to create the right formula ...
user42197's user avatar
  • 113
1 vote
0 answers
80 views

Which school of linguistics is the most related to computational linguistics and NLP?

I heard that there are different schools of linguistics: functional, cognitive, and structural/generative/formal. I was wondering which schools the following books belong to: Essentials of ...
Tim's user avatar
  • 889
2 votes
1 answer
75 views

A parser for grammars with movement

I'm trying to figure out how the parser algorithm of Harkema 2000 works. It is a bottom-up parser that uses an agenda-driven, chart-based deduction procedure, but what is not clear to me is in what ...
invalid syntax's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
412 views

In absolute numerical terms, what is the computational size of human language, particularly semantic processing?

What is a numerical estimate for the “RAM” of the human brain required to actually compute resolutions of the semantic content of sentences? For example, consider there is an algorithm that expends 1 ...
Julius Hamilton's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
194 views

Parsers and syntax trees for natural languages

Say I have a string representing text in a natural language, for example: She is an effective teacher. Most students have found her reasonably helpful. Is there a programming library or command line ...
forgodsakehold's user avatar
10 votes
2 answers
471 views

Are linguistic corpora under threat from AI-generated text?

As many will be aware, there has been a lot of concern about the spread of AI generated text posted on the Stack Exchange network, leading to moderators on several sites standing down. See here and ...
Araucaria - him's user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
259 views

Why words are the basic building blocks of language?

I'm asking this both in the sense that for me (as a human) words seem to be the fundamental building blocks of language, and from the perspective of NLP applications, where word-vectors and word-...
Maverick Meerkat's user avatar
-2 votes
1 answer
392 views

Is large language model “perplexity” on an input the total of its perplexity for the smallest parts? [closed]

“Perplexity” is how likely a large language model scores an output it gives as being the output it should have given. If the model does not produce responses for itself to choose from that it ...
Nima's user avatar
  • 17
0 votes
1 answer
95 views

What tools are there to measure aspects of language?

I am seeking to construct an a priori language that is optimized to provide the greatest creativity for songwriting and poetry, in addition to being extremely general and productive in neologism, ...
Fomalhaut's user avatar
  • 515
6 votes
2 answers
955 views

Linguistic analysis of ChatGPT's default style of writing

Even though ChatGPT can - better or worse - mimic other writers' styles, it exhibits something like a default style of writing which is not very "characteristic" (because it's the ...
Hans-Peter Stricker's user avatar
-3 votes
1 answer
90 views

Is there a formal system in Linguistics like Boolean algebra to reduce the grammar rules of a language to minimum items ignoring semantics? [closed]

To get the grammar rules down to the minimum necessary for teaching. Semantics not included. This is example what what I am thinking about. Grammar with all the semantics cut out, means it is easy to ...
Aseku Vena's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
305 views

Is there an automatic way to divide French words into syllables/morphemes?

Context: I am trying to come up with a way to divide French words into syllables, phonemes, morphemes, or any other individually pronounceable/meaningful sub-unit in order to model word corruption in ...
0sharp's user avatar
  • 11
-1 votes
1 answer
83 views

Generating random logically consistent chains of sentences

I'm interested in generating random logically consistent chains of natural language sentences. I don't know anything about computational linguistics. I'm wondering if there are software packages or ...
Sia Rezaei's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
277 views

Are there heuristics to tell if a character is from Chinese, Kanji, or Chu Nom?

Suppose I know nothing about Chinese writing systems but some basic strokes and radicals. When given a blocky-looking character, how do I tell if it's a character only used in Kanji, in Chữ Nôm, or in ...
tslmy's user avatar
  • 113
2 votes
0 answers
27 views

What are the practical differences between type-logical/categorial and context-free based approaches to semantic parsing?

I am currently reading Bob Carpenter's Type-Logical Semantics, which goes over the Type-Logical approach to natural language semantics. I understand that categorial grammar is technically different ...
Nathan BeDell's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
81 views

Name for ongoing syntactic dependencies after a word

Consider the sentence "I love my dog." There are three syntactic dependencies in this sentence: (a) the subject dependency from "I" to "love," (b) the modifier dependency ...
Mitch Ohriner's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
78 views

Where to find English POS words?

Given a POS (part of speech), tag, and dependency for words, where can I find words that have the same POS, tag, and dependency? I only need a list of words by (pos,tag) and do not need code for this (...
rlgekdcgc's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
111 views

How to Do NACLO Problem with Frogs 🐸, Ducks 🦆, and Bats 🦇

The Problem My Question How do you solve this? My Pitiful Progress (w), in Witsuwit'en, is likely a compound word of (a) and (v) (15) and (16) are very similar spelling-wise. It is probable that ...
MeltedStatementRecognizing's user avatar
1 vote
4 answers
899 views

How good ChatGPT is at answering questions?

I am looking for evaluations of ChatGPT on some question-answering dataset. I'm especially interested in how good (or bad) ChatGPT is at answering questions posted on Stack Exchange, specifically in ...
Franck Dernoncourt's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
143 views

Which datasets can I use to train a medical speech recognition system?

So far I found: ezDI Medical Dictation Dataset (16h) https://www.kaggle.com/datasets/paultimothymooney/medical-speech-transcription-and-intent (8h) Which other datasets can I use to train a medical ...
Franck Dernoncourt's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
36 views

Is there any mathematically studied ontology space?

I am considering “ontology generation”. I have not yet read the specifics of these techniques. Still, the point must surely be to identify some kind of cooccurrences / associations between words. ...
Julius Hamilton's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
60 views

How do I select rules from Grammatical Framework and build sentences with them?

Here is I think the actual computational grammar for Turkish in the Grammatical Framework framework: I am going to read this page, which seems to explain how to read and understand those grammar code ...
Julius Hamilton's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
107 views

The sequence of parts of speech in English

Considering the main eight parts of speech, every two adjacent words in a sentence can be one of the possible 64 pairs. The probability of these pairs significantly varies, as some might even be ...
Googlebot's user avatar
  • 121
0 votes
1 answer
144 views

How to Solve NACLO problem on Old Persian Cuneiform?

Below is a problem from NACLO 2022 Open Round titled "Set in Stone". The language is Old Persian cuneiform. The goal is to match the translations. The problem also states Note that one ...
MeltedStatementRecognizing's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
237 views

Word form for Number in Ancient Obscure Language

The problem gives 7 numbers and 7 unmatched word forms in random order. 15, 1,16,2,10,11,14 and aina-bumfit, para-dig,bumfit,aina-dig,aina,dig,peina The question is to figure out the number peina-...
MeltedStatementRecognizing's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
33 views

Comparing Text Translations by Conducting Corpus Analysis

Provided one has three pieces of text called - “Text A”, “Text B” and “Text C”. Text A is the original text. Text B and Text C are translations of Text A (Text A, being initially written in another ...
JavaApprentice's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
220 views

What's the opposite of semantic parsing?

Semantic parsing is the task of translating natural language into a formal meaning representation on which a machine can act. What's the opposite called? I.e. "translating a logical formalism ...
dfgdfdfg's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
54 views

Characterizing the "tonality" or the tone of a language

I can illustrate my question with an example. I started by learning German. To me German sounds very articulated, sharp and clear. I then studied Italian. Italian sounds singing, fluid, warm and ...
kiriloff's user avatar
  • 137
0 votes
0 answers
32 views

Interpret an chain of attributes combined via "and"/ "or" in english and other languages?

The question is, what is the most correct way to interpret a chain of attributes, say of the noun but also possible of a verb, connected together with multiple and and or conjunction, in english or in ...
user184868's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
58 views

How meaning of words get richer by adding adjectives?

I'm looking for resources to study how meaning of words get richer by adding adjectives. I don't know the terms, so I don't know where to look. I want to use them in computational linguistics.
abbassix's user avatar
  • 109
1 vote
0 answers
59 views

What is a good multi language translation system for individual parts of speech such as verbs, nouns, adjectives?

I am developing a language learning tool in Python that generates dual-language books intended to be read as audio books. The system should work by giving single word translations after every ...
Holden's user avatar
  • 11
2 votes
1 answer
74 views

Up-to-date performance comparison of speech recognition over time

I am looking for an up-to-date (as of 2022) figure or table which displays the improvement in speech recognition on benchmarks for read and spontaneous speech over time, ideally in terms of word error ...
phipsgabler's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
831 views

Finding phonetic similarity of names in different languages

I am trying to come up with a way using Python to find phonetic similarities between how differently written names with different meanings in different languages might sound alike. Names can be ...
Lndit39's user avatar
  • 21
1 vote
1 answer
63 views

How can you computationally apply a grammar rule to a sentence?

I would like to use a rigorous and comprehensive theory of the grammar of English to formulate some grammar rule and then computationally/programmatically check whether a sentence abides by it (not as ...
Julius Hamilton's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
27 views

Other name for "Predeterminer"/"Noun Premodifier" Dependency Relation?

I'm reading a paper which makes use of word dependency relationships from the Stanford Dependencies (SD) list. One such relation they refer to as "Predeterminer" and "Noun Premodifer&...
jon_simon's user avatar
  • 151
5 votes
2 answers
448 views

How to define sentence complexity?

I am not a pure linguist but rather at the intersection of computational linguistics, NLP and computer science. Thus please be cautious with me and my ignorance. I am looking for definitions of ...
Marcel Braasch's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
95 views

Turing-completeness of Minimalism and HPSG

I read several times that HPSG and Minimalism are Turing-complete. Could someone explain (or tell me some references) why this is the case? And does this constitute a major problem since natural ...
pahohu's user avatar
  • 131

1
2 3 4 5
12