Questions tagged [computational-linguistics]

A branch of science that uses computers and mathematical methods to construct and investigate linguistic theory. Its technological and algorithmic implementation is called NLP.

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1answer
4k views

How to identify character names in a body of text?

I'm trying to research methods of identifying or pattern matching names of characters in a novel or a general body of text, but so far my search has been unsuccessful, since "character" refers to ...
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157 views

Book text analysis tools

Is there any open source software to automatically extract information from a book: genre, style, location and time of the story, characters, etc?
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Which language would be easiest for a computer to parse?

I have an idea for a programming language that would work more like a spoken language. "sentences" would have an initial context in which specific subjects, verbs, and objects would have meaningful ...
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405 views

Is there a standard corpus against which to benchmark mechanical parsers?

I was wondering if there is a published standard corpus of English sentences which are confounding for mechanical parsers. I am looking over sentences given here, and I have the following (very short) ...
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742 views

Is the commutative CFG in the mathematical linguistics literature?

I am shocked that Linguists have not given a reasonably small canonical computationally precise representation of any natural language yet, so I wrote a recent EL&U post to explain how one does ...
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512 views

Do Sign Languages have ambiguities?

I just noted that there exists a whole literature on Sign Language. I didn't even know there existed more than one... It's very interesting now. :) I then found computers can already interpret some ...
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297 views

Are there papers/books about complex sentence formation in English?

I'd like to transform complex sentences into one set of simple sentences. I can't find any solution, so I want to study formation of complex sentences. What are the most comprehensive and most ...
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344 views

Looking for XML for English language grammar instruction

Some colleagues and I would like to put together a grammar compendium to teach English grammar and would like to record the rules and examples in XML so as to increase the kinds of ways it can be ...
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1answer
298 views

How to represent an English language sentence in a standard data structure for further analysis?

I am working on a project of "AUTOMATED ESSAY EVALUATION". There will be an student answer and a standard/model answer. These two answers are formatted into a standard format. Thereafter these two ...
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145 views

Machine-readable list of abbreviations

Is there a list of standard abbreviations/acronyms available for computational linguistics tasks? I understand 'standard' is a subjective term here but anything that is not too domain specific(not a ...
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1answer
80 views

What does a dictionary need so that a computer can use it to determine the grammaticality of a given string?

I would imagine that it would need a full list of all the forms of all the words, but how much information would need to be told to the computer about each word in order for it to know enough to judge ...
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443 views

What defines a unique writing style?

I'm an amateur writer that happens to be a professional programmer. I say this because I've recently jumped back into a personal research project in which the goal is to automate the de-anonymization ...
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Textual Commitment

I am working on question answering problem. The major task is to understand text and convert complex sentences to simpler sentences i.e Textual Commitments using Conventional implicature and ...
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277 views

Computational models of language acquisition

What are currently used computational models/frameworks of language acquisition? Desired features: models that are biologically plausible (such as neural networks). Personally, I have used cascade ...
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Looking for a good beginners reference to learn computational linguistics

Recently in my work I came across the Backus–Naur Form (BNF), one way of describing a context-free grammar. Since then, I've been interested in learning how to deconstruct and parse not only computing ...
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589 views

What are the motivations for which direction syntactic trees are built in (top down or bottom up)?

When I learned x-bar theory, there seemed to be an implicit assumption that trees were built top-down, from IP or CP to the VP and its complement, etc. However, as I am learning more about Minimalism (...
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733 views

Automatic phonetic transcription of speech: is it still a difficult problem?

A friend was asking me why there aren't any programs that can analyze a user's pronunciation of words and then give feedback/suggestions. Indeed, given an accurate phonetic transcription of a ...
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433 views

Dictionary of atypical syllabication

I am a literacy researcher looking to create an add on package in R that offers quantitative methods for discourse analysis. I am creating a function for taking a chunk of text and measuring the ...
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3answers
267 views

Is there a term for “the number of words that must follow a given word to complete a phrase”?

I've been struggling, for a couple of months now to find the term for a concept from computational linguistics. It means something like: the minimum number of words that need to be placed after a ...
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9k views

How to test if a string of words is a grammatical sentence

Is there a way to test to see if a string of words forms a complete sentence? For example: The dog jumped over the fence == Good The cat square seven the triangle == BAD I was thinking the type ...
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0answers
353 views

How to decrease CRF++ feature function set?

I have a problem with the CRF++ Package. CRF++ cannot handle large training parts-of-speech corpora (large tagset and large number of words). In fact, the number of feature functions automatically ...
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Are there any statistics or web services for n-grams of frequent English words?

I found this for six common subjects. But it doesn't contain the complete statistics about all common English words.
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315 views

Wordnet and Ontology software

Are there any software or tools for Ontology and WordNet development?
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1answer
2k views

Automatic/Computational Language Detection in Speech

Are there any packages that do much the same thing for audio/speech that the langid component/corpus of NLTK does for written text? The langid corpus/tool makes surprisingly accurate guesses about a ...
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3answers
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Are there any linguistic toollkits for PowerShell or .NET?

In the past when I was an active Python coder I played a bit with NLTK and learned some basic linguistic terminology. But meanwhile I shifted to PowerShell and I have abandoned coding in Python. ...
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What are some resources that I can use to gather Twitter data for an NLP project?

I was going to use the Edinburgh Twitter Corpus that is referenced in this paper: The Edinburgh Twitter Corpus. But apparently Twitter has changed their Terms and the corpus is no longer available. ...
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500 views

How do computational linguists abstractly represent a language?

When building models of the evolution of languages or similar phenomena where many different languages are involved and change over time, how do computational linguists abstractly model a language? ...
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Bar-Hillel's critique of machine translation 50 years later

More than fifty years ago, philosopher Yehoshua Bar-Hillel wrote wrote an influential paper about computerized translation entitled: A Demonstration of the Nonfeasibility of Fully Automatic High ...
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What statistical methods are used to test whether a corpus of symbols is linguistic?

In their 2009 paper on the Indus Script, Rao et al. describe a test for deciding whether a corpus of symbols is in fact a collection of texts in some language. Over-simplifying a bit, the approach ...
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193 views

Linguistic research on translation evaluation

I have a background in natural language processing and machine translation, and recently I've been interested in automatic evaluation of translations. I've read a lot of literature from the machine ...
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3answers
309 views

How do purely statistical machine translators deal with different word orders?

Even relatively closely related languages can differ greatly in word order. Take English and German for instance. English is pretty boringly subject-verb-object whereas in German the finite verb must ...
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4answers
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Machine translation - Rule-Based and Statistics-Based approaches

My question is about the current situation in machine translation. I am aware about two main approaches to machine translation. One which is based in a strong way on linguistic theory and another ...
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4answers
36k views

Automated French/Italian/German to IPA transcription

I'm looking for a website or software that will take text written in a source language and produce a transcription in IPA. The languages I am interested in are French, Italian and German, but if you ...
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354 views

Where could I find a corpus that is purely descriptive in nature and limited in scope?

I'm trying to build a cognitive model of how people learn a event representation from a sentence describing the event, based on St. John & McClelland's Sentence Gestalt Model. However, while ...
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What has NLP/CL brought to the table of pencil-and-paper linguistics?

What role do NLP (natural language processing) and/or CL (Computational linguistics) play in today's theoretical linguistics? Does, for instance, computability and formal specification play a big ...
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What are typical triphones used in natural language processing?

Reading the claims of Method for natural voice recognition based on a generative transformation/phrase structure grammar What exactly would they be looking at in a sentence to aid the processing? ...
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Is there practical application of X' theory in natural language processing?

I was taught X' theory in generative grammar lectures, only to find out that NLP uses mainly simpler grammars, such as HPSG or statistical models such as hidden Markov models. Is X' of any use for ...

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