Questions tagged [computational-linguistics]

A branch of science that uses computers and mathematical methods to construct and investigate linguistic theory. Its technological and algorithmic implementation is called NLP.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
6
votes
1answer
53 views

Corpus of English sentences written by non-native speakers?

I am working on a hobby project which tends to help the non-native speakers figure out if the sentences they write are good enough and sounds like written by English native speakers. Any relevant info ...
2
votes
1answer
131 views

How do I draw CCG derivations in LaTeX?

I have been trying to find an easy way to draw CCG derivations in Latex but nothing seems to work. I am working on a presentation, and I found this github repo but it for some reason when I try it it ...
0
votes
3answers
63 views

Which is the most recommended corpus for training a POS Tagger?

The tagger is for English and I will use the universal dependency tag set. I am looking for a corpus that best represents nowadays English.
0
votes
0answers
40 views

Annotating the vocabulary using Word2vec model

I am trying to annotate the vocabulary in the corpus. I have trained the word2vec model on the corpus I have grouped the words which are related based on the score as key as the first word as the key ...
1
vote
1answer
54 views

Comparing corpora

So first, a disclaimer: I'm less than beginner level in everything that has to do with programming. I'm analysing the occurrences of English code-switching/translanguaging in a particular Polish-...
-1
votes
1answer
60 views

Is there specific grammar used in Newspaper headlines?

I need to find some general rules used in Newspaper headlines. I will use computational linguistics (nltk python library) to develop classification algorithm to distinguish news and not news by ...
3
votes
3answers
523 views

Relationship between complexity of a sentence and the average distance between the tokens in which we relate

I am a PhD student in Statistics and I need more understandings in Linguistics for my PhD research. Say we are given two sentences of SAME LENGTH -- sentence A and B. Sentence A is simple (simple ...
3
votes
3answers
138 views

What is a good introduction to formal language theory for linguistics?

I know formal languages are widely used in linguistics, especially for computational linguistics. However, I do not understand where this connection started - Wikipedia says that formal language ...
2
votes
2answers
137 views

Context-Free grammars and Language

As someone trained in neither, how could you explain the analogies between context free grammars / languages and certain programming languages in computer science? Have I misunderstood whether there ...
1
vote
0answers
73 views

Addressing the problem of symmetry in metric space based representations of words in computational linguistics

In the field of computational linguistics it's very common to represent words / sentences/ etc as mathematical objects and then use said representations to elicit certain linguistic tasks. The most ...
0
votes
1answer
139 views

Find the 5 most-different-from-each other adjectives in the English language

I am trying to find a set of N common adjectives that are the least-used with each other in English. TLDR: Basically if you were creating a new language that was only going to have N adjectives and ...
1
vote
0answers
128 views

What semantic frameworks are there for computational linguistics?

Besides Frege's principle of compositionality are there any other philosophical frameworks of language to form distributional semantics in the English language? Edit - Although I'm still yet to ...
6
votes
1answer
92 views

How to make a Corpus? (selecting a good structure)

I'm making a Corpus. I have searched for good practices on how to build it. I've downloaded some Corpus to check their internal structure and the extension file, but I didn't find many. So, I am lost ...
-6
votes
3answers
148 views

What is the 'best' language, and by what metrics, why those metrics…? [closed]

This is sort of the old question that you'd see whispered about a lot in Western academia, and shouted out by linguists of the past, who had their own circumstances, own canons, own less-connected (?) ...
3
votes
0answers
55 views

State of the art in controlled english languages?

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Controlled_natural_language lists some controlled languages, of which Attempto Controlled English seems to be the most recent. However, are there any Attempto extensions, ...
2
votes
0answers
52 views

Is there a theorem for the completeness of a language? [duplicate]

In computer science, there is a theorem that says any machine able to perform six basic primitives can compute any computable problem. Is there a similar theorem in linguistics that specifies certain ...
0
votes
0answers
62 views

How to classify Compound Strings?

My team and I have been working on a project that involves classifying different strings in a text, or more specifically, Wikipedia Infoboxes. For example, Barack Obama would be classified as a ...
8
votes
2answers
162 views

Can computational techniques solve historical problems that couldn't otherwise be solved?

Recently I've read that machine learning has been used to apply the Comparative Method (example with references here). Also, there are other mathematical approaches that have been applied to the ...
0
votes
2answers
167 views

Transcription of this computer-generated pronunciation of 1991 in Danish

I came across this Google Translate pronunciation of 1991 (which it appears to be interpreting as the year rather than the cardinal or ordinal); click the thumbnail for the video on YouTube: I don’t ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

A tool to replace all words with antonyms

Are there a site or a tool, which can go through a big text and replace every word with an antonym of it? If there are none, then a tool, which translates into a hand-made language would help. I.e ...
8
votes
2answers
319 views

Where to start if you want to do Chomsky style NLP?

I am a computer science grad who has been fascinated by Chomsky's theory of language. I have been following his work and the others in his field. But I also want to try something on my own. The ...
0
votes
1answer
180 views

Is computational linguistics a good field to go into? [closed]

My #1 passion in life is linguistics, and I’ve been obsessed with it for as long as I can remember, but a lot of the basic linguistics jobs such as translators and the such make low wages per year. I ...
2
votes
2answers
86 views

In NLP, is it possible to do language recognition of a text whereby the text is mapped directly to an ISO 639 code?

In recognising the language of a text, spoken or written, have current algorithms or implementations incorporated ISO 639 codes and/or other standards? For example, I'd like to decide the language of ...
-1
votes
1answer
221 views

Can anyone explain me the structure of the FCFG grammar

I was not able to understand the grammar rules explain in discourse.fcfg file. Can any one help me understanding SEM means in S[SEM = <app(?subj,?vp)>] -> NP[NUM=?n,SEM=?subj] VP[NUM=?n,SEM=...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

Is there a dataset/list of rules mapping words in sentences to prosodic features?

I'm interested in building a toy text-to-speech system, where at the very least I want to decide when to include dynamic emphasis, slight pitch shift, and the duration and boundary between words. It ...
3
votes
0answers
67 views

Computational linguist's estimate of minimum hours of speech needed to train a neural net to recognize speech

From a computational linguist's point of view, is there a lower limit on the number of hours of speech needed to train a neural net to translate speech to text? An estimate from CMU is 3000-5000 hours ...
5
votes
1answer
110 views

What are the conventions for corpus usage?

Suppose I'm working with a language that doesn't have much data available; the largest corpus around is a translation of the Bible, which is free to read online, but is presumably still copyrighted by ...
3
votes
2answers
118 views

Is there a Machine Comprehension system integrating several different linguistic constructions?

Given the following linguistics (and some non-linguistic) constructions: entailment, implicature, Strawson entailment, semantic underspecification, discourse representation theory, rhetorical ...
1
vote
0answers
25 views

Force Aligner Trainers

I've been trying to use the Montreal Force Aligner in order to try and train a model for a language I've been working with for alignment of future data. However, I keep throwing a ton of errors, and ...
3
votes
0answers
75 views

Does StanfordNLP have a problem with adverbs?

I suspect not, and I'm being dumb, but ... Usain ran quickest. is parsed (https://corenlp.run) as NNP VBZ JJS. Why JJS (Adjective, superlative) and not RBS (Adverb, superlative)? Using extended ...
0
votes
2answers
100 views

What is it called to derive all the implied meanings from a sentence?

What would this process of gathering the meaning of a sentence be called? What would the segments derived from the sentence be called? "John and Derrek both love cake" -> John loves cake -&...
0
votes
2answers
40 views

Negativity score for sentences

I am working on a dataset of airline customer complaints. Since it is "complaints" the general consensus is all the sentence are "negative" sentiment. So I am think of an approach to quantize the ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

Need an online freely available Anaphorically Annotated Corpus of English Language for Identification of Discourse Units

I'm in need of a freely available corpus of English language (which may contain text of any genre) but has to be annotated anaphoriacally i-e. Anaphora resolution should have been performed already. ...
5
votes
1answer
89 views

Is author profiling based on gender possible for English?

I was recently told by a friend who works in IT that certain neural networks can be trained to predict the age and gender of authors from anonymous texts written by them (cf. arXiv:1707.03764). The ...
2
votes
0answers
32 views

Grammar induction from grammaticality rules

Let's have formalisation of grammaticality judgments in some deduction system. Is it possible to learn/induce grammar from rules that govern grammaticality judgments? Is there theory, that connects ...
1
vote
2answers
54 views

Mapping duration mentions to their actual verb event

Consider the following example sentence: "For eight weeks, the police say he was tortured by X. " Many native speakers would attribute "eight weeks" to "torture". The question is now how do you ...
1
vote
0answers
76 views

which formal languages rule does human language break?

This post is discussing human language and formal languages. According to the professor, human language is a kind of broken formal languages. So, which formal languages rule does human language ...
3
votes
2answers
339 views

What causes relative frequency of consonants?

So, can you point me to some research, what causes the relative frequency of consonants in various languages?The fact that vowels are more common than consonants is obviously caused by phonotactics, ...
-2
votes
1answer
126 views

what does broken formal languages mean?

I am learning Stanford CS224N: natural language processing with Deep Learning. Chris said "a little bit broken formal languages" in Lecture 1. what does that mean? can any one give a concrete ...
4
votes
2answers
306 views

How to interpret this form of Heaps' Law?

Heaps' Law basically is an empirical function that says the number of distinct words you'll find in a document grows as a function to the length of the document. The equation given in the Wikipedia ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

Relationship between two words part of the same sentence

I'm looking for some help on strategy to be used for finding out if word is spoken in relation to another word. For ex: The pool is dirty. Here dirty is spoken w.r.t pool However, The pool was great ...
4
votes
1answer
741 views

What are uses of Dependency Parsing in NLP / Computational Linguistics?

Dependency Parsing seems to be present in most of the NLP toolkits out there. What is not clear and what I have trouble finding in Google is what are actual practical, or even research, applications ...
3
votes
0answers
33 views

What is the term for a specific type of collocation analysis

I am trying to write a text processing script in R. I am interested in finding a word (from a list of words I have selected) only if it is in the same sentence as another word. Eventually I would ...
4
votes
0answers
52 views

PoS tagger - technical corpus

I try to find corpus with technical language to train my model, but I cannot find it. Do you know if there are any tagged PoS corpus in English related with technical language?
2
votes
1answer
118 views

Get Prolog (other functional programming language) rules/facts from LKB or similar system

My goal is to take simple sentence such as Grass is green and convert it to Prolog rule/fact. It does not have to be Prolog, but any other functional programming language with which I can perform ...
-1
votes
2answers
57 views

How to generate similar sentence by given sentence?

I'd like to generate a similar sentence by a given sentence. e.g. by given "Mike, this is an apple." can generate "Tom, this is a pear." Which software can I use for such generation? ...
2
votes
0answers
75 views

How relevant is WordNet nowadays?

How relevant is WordNet (both the original Princeton's and all other WordNets) as a tool for researchers now, decades later? Do researchers consider it valuable? And does the general research ...
3
votes
2answers
86 views

Computational/Formal Approaches to Paragraph-Level Semantics

There are several frameworks that have been built by both linguists and computer scientists to deal with the problem of semantic representation of sentences, most notably Abstract Meaning ...
3
votes
2answers
137 views

Understanding Feature Grammar syntax

Background: I am a software dev who doesn't really know much about linguistics but I am trying to learn some of it for an application I'm making I am trying to understand Feature Grammar syntax, and ...
1
vote
1answer
89 views

What problems does co-articulation cause in speech recognition?

I know it becomes harder to find the start and end of phonemes due to co-articulation. I want to know about other problems that co-articulation causes in speech recognition.

1
2
3 4 5
13