Questions tagged [computational-linguistics]

A branch of science that uses computers and mathematical methods to construct and investigate linguistic theory. Its technological and algorithmic implementation is called NLP.

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Is there a phenomena when we think that something is completely specified but it's not?

Bob is the best driver. That seems pretty clear. However, many things are not specified. Best driver among who? Perhaps, Bob is the best driver among his family and not in the world. Here is a ...
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Can computational techniques solve historical problems that couldn't otherwise be solved?

Recently I've read that machine learning has been used to apply the Comparative Method (example with references here). Also, there are other mathematical approaches that have been applied to the ...
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Transcription of this computer-generated pronunciation of 1991 in Danish

I came across this Google Translate pronunciation of 1991 (which it appears to be interpreting as the year rather than the cardinal or ordinal); click the thumbnail for the video on YouTube: I don’t ...
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Which are the easiest books in NLP for linguists with no background in NLP? [duplicate]

If any prerequisites are required before starting NLP learning, please do mention the books and also topics that we require to learn.
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A linguist searching options to learn Natural Language Processing

I am a linguist. Presently, I am trying to shape my career in a way that my knowledge is directly useful to the society and also to make an in-depth analysis of language. For this purpose, I need to ...
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A tool to replace all words with antonyms

Are there a site or a tool, which can go through a big text and replace every word with an antonym of it? If there are none, then a tool, which translates into a hand-made language would help. I.e ...
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Where to start if you want to do Chomsky style NLP?

I am a computer science grad who has been fascinated by Chomsky's theory of language. I have been following his work and the others in his field. But I also want to try something on my own. The ...
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117 views

Is computational linguistics a good field to go into? [closed]

My #1 passion in life is linguistics, and I’ve been obsessed with it for as long as I can remember, but a lot of the basic linguistics jobs such as translators and the such make low wages per year. I ...
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In NLP, is it possible to do language recognition of a text whereby the text is mapped directly to an ISO 639 code?

In recognising the language of a text, spoken or written, have current algorithms or implementations incorporated ISO 639 codes and/or other standards? For example, I'd like to decide the language of ...
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Can anyone explain me the structure of the FCFG grammar

I was not able to understand the grammar rules explain in discourse.fcfg file. Can any one help me understanding SEM means in S[SEM = <app(?subj,?vp)>] -> NP[NUM=?n,SEM=?subj] VP[NUM=?n,SEM=...
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Is there a dataset/list of rules mapping words in sentences to prosodic features?

I'm interested in building a toy text-to-speech system, where at the very least I want to decide when to include dynamic emphasis, slight pitch shift, and the duration and boundary between words. It ...
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Computational linguist's estimate of minimum hours of speech needed to train a neural net to recognize speech

From a computational linguist's point of view, is there a lower limit on the number of hours of speech needed to train a neural net to translate speech to text? An estimate from CMU is 3000-5000 hours ...
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What are the conventions for corpus usage?

Suppose I'm working with a language that doesn't have much data available; the largest corpus around is a translation of the Bible, which is free to read online, but is presumably still copyrighted by ...
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Is there a Machine Comprehension system integrating several different linguistic constructions?

Given the following linguistics (and some non-linguistic) constructions: entailment, implicature, Strawson entailment, semantic underspecification, discourse representation theory, rhetorical ...
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Force Aligner Trainers

I've been trying to use the Montreal Force Aligner in order to try and train a model for a language I've been working with for alignment of future data. However, I keep throwing a ton of errors, and ...
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Does StanfordNLP have a problem with adverbs?

I suspect not, and I'm being dumb, but ... Usain ran quickest. is parsed (https://corenlp.run) as NNP VBZ JJS. Why JJS (Adjective, superlative) and not RBS (Adverb, superlative)? Using extended ...
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What is it called to derive all the implied meanings from a sentence?

What would this process of gathering the meaning of a sentence be called? What would the segments derived from the sentence be called? "John and Derrek both love cake" -> John loves cake -&...
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Negativity score for sentences

I am working on a dataset of airline customer complaints. Since it is "complaints" the general consensus is all the sentence are "negative" sentiment. So I am think of an approach to quantize the ...
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Need an online freely available Anaphorically Annotated Corpus of English Language for Identification of Discourse Units

I'm in need of a freely available corpus of English language (which may contain text of any genre) but has to be annotated anaphoriacally i-e. Anaphora resolution should have been performed already. ...
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Is author profiling based on gender possible for English?

I was recently told by a friend who works in IT that certain neural networks can be trained to predict the age and gender of authors from anonymous texts written by them (cf. arXiv:1707.03764). The ...
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Grammar induction from grammaticality rules

Let's have formalisation of grammaticality judgments in some deduction system. Is it possible to learn/induce grammar from rules that govern grammaticality judgments? Is there theory, that connects ...
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Mapping duration mentions to their actual verb event

Consider the following example sentence: "For eight weeks, the police say he was tortured by X. " Many native speakers would attribute "eight weeks" to "torture". The question is now how do you ...
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which formal languages rule does human language break?

This post is discussing human language and formal languages. According to the professor, human language is a kind of broken formal languages. So, which formal languages rule does human language ...
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What causes relative frequency of consonants?

So, can you point me to some research, what causes the relative frequency of consonants in various languages?The fact that vowels are more common than consonants is obviously caused by phonotactics, ...
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125 views

what does broken formal languages mean?

I am learning Stanford CS224N: natural language processing with Deep Learning. Chris said "a little bit broken formal languages" in Lecture 1. what does that mean? can any one give a concrete ...
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How to interpret this form of Heaps' Law?

Heaps' Law basically is an empirical function that says the number of distinct words you'll find in a document grows as a function to the length of the document. The equation given in the Wikipedia ...
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Relationship between two words part of the same sentence

I'm looking for some help on strategy to be used for finding out if word is spoken in relation to another word. For ex: The pool is dirty. Here dirty is spoken w.r.t pool However, The pool was great ...
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What are uses of Dependency Parsing in NLP / Computational Linguistics?

Dependency Parsing seems to be present in most of the NLP toolkits out there. What is not clear and what I have trouble finding in Google is what are actual practical, or even research, applications ...
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What is the term for a specific type of collocation analysis

I am trying to write a text processing script in R. I am interested in finding a word (from a list of words I have selected) only if it is in the same sentence as another word. Eventually I would ...
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PoS tagger - technical corpus

I try to find corpus with technical language to train my model, but I cannot find it. Do you know if there are any tagged PoS corpus in English related with technical language?
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Get Prolog (other functional programming language) rules/facts from LKB or similar system

My goal is to take simple sentence such as Grass is green and convert it to Prolog rule/fact. It does not have to be Prolog, but any other functional programming language with which I can perform ...
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How to generate similar sentence by given sentence?

I'd like to generate a similar sentence by a given sentence. e.g. by given "Mike, this is an apple." can generate "Tom, this is a pear." Which software can I use for such generation? ...
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How relevant is WordNet nowadays?

How relevant is WordNet (both the original Princeton's and all other WordNets) as a tool for researchers now, decades later? Do researchers consider it valuable? And does the general research ...
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Computational/Formal Approaches to Paragraph-Level Semantics

There are several frameworks that have been built by both linguists and computer scientists to deal with the problem of semantic representation of sentences, most notably Abstract Meaning ...
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Understanding Feature Grammar syntax

Background: I am a software dev who doesn't really know much about linguistics but I am trying to learn some of it for an application I'm making I am trying to understand Feature Grammar syntax, and ...
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What problems does co-articulation cause in speech recognition?

I know it becomes harder to find the start and end of phonemes due to co-articulation. I want to know about other problems that co-articulation causes in speech recognition.
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Rule-based or Statistics-based approach for generating plain language grammar rules from a text

Disclaimer: I am a software developer, not a computational linguist and I am not super familiar (though I am mildly familiar) with the field. Happy to learn and be corrected though! My use-case: I ...
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Is there an online Esperanto word stem “diagrammer?”

I'm wondering if there is a site or resource that will take an Esperanto word and diagram the different components. For example, given "malsanulejo," the "diagrammer" would return something like: mal-...
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How can I know if a log-likelihood score is high enough?

I am trying to understand if some terms can be considered as distinctly American or British. So for example I was studying the term "aubergine" and the normalized frequency in the American corpus is ...
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Maximally dissecting lexicon according to meaning (heuristically)

I'm trying to find a set of N English terms that maximally express the 'space of meaning' that all words are encapsulated within. I don't know the correct nomenclature to describe what I'm looking for ...
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Word length as a function of word frequency?

I was wondering if any studies have been done in corpus linguistics which look at word length (number of phonemes per word) as a function of the word's frequency of use? Thanks! EDIT: Never mind, ...
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How to convert CHAT to TextGrid in a batch?

Siarad corpus is a corpus of spoken Welsh (~40 hours, all transcribed, glossed and translated!). I want to analyze some conversations using Praat. Praat uses the TextGrid format, but the Siarad corpus ...
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Computational applications of construction grammars

Are there NLP applications (either natural language understanding or generation) which make use of the Construction Grammar framework? On a related note, does there exist a logically organized list ...
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Is “help” a causal verb?

As part of my research, I extract causal (cause-effect) relations from natural text. Sometimes, there are words in the text that signal a causal relation like "because" or "since." And, some other ...
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For each word in a corpus, find how many senses it has according to WordNet [closed]

I've come across this exercise in my studies and I do not know how to challenge, I've tried to follow examples though I can never find anything online that truly is symmetrical to what I'm trying to ...
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54 views

Why not use a Lookup taggers?

I do understand that a lookup tagger is one of the simplest ones to implement as it is able to map each word a single POS. Why shouldn't we use it compared to bigram tagger?
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210 views

Jiang & Conrath when two words are the same

I would like to normalize the result of Jiang & Conrath similarity measure by dividing it by the maximum value(normally should be when both synsets are the same). I am using the implementation of ...
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Statistical Methods in Etymology

Etymologists tend to categorize the probability of theories under formulaic labels. These range from "uncertain" over "tentative" or "not convincing" to "established", "accepted" or "nonsense". P ...
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Are there any computational linguists who still use prolog?

My understanding is that in the 90's and early 2000's, expert systems and logical rules dominated the field of natural language processing/computational linguistics, but that for the last 10 years, ...
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The determiner “a” in lambda form

In the sentence: A man loves Mary The lambda notation of the determiner 'a' is: λY.λX.∃z.Y(z)∧X(z) What about the general determiner 'a'? Is the lambda notation the same? or it should be: λX.∃z....

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