Questions tagged [computational-linguistics]

A branch of science that uses computers and mathematical methods to construct and investigate linguistic theory. Its technological and algorithmic implementation is called NLP.

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44 views

What are the various approaches to detect whether a sentence is complete or not?

I was working on creating a question answering system. Now I wanted to deal with incomplete or partial sentences. So the first step to this would be detecting whether the question entered by the user ...
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1answer
43 views

Search tool question

The World Wide Web provides access to an extremely rich collection of written texts and transcriptions of dialogue from both current and historical sources. But I often have trouble searching for ...
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1answer
101 views

What language pairs are underserved, and would most benefit from machine-learned bilingual tools?

What language pairs are under-served by current resources — like human translators, bilingual dictionaries, and parallel corpuses — relative to their linguistic importance, economic potential, or ...
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195 views

Similarity, Relatedness and Association [closed]

From the NLP point of view. what are the major differences between words synonym, similarity, relatedness and association. With examples if possible. Thank you
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What is the intuition behind the rules of Hobbs Algorithm?

I am trying to understand the Hobbs Algorithm. I am able to follow the algorithm and solve tree walking questions to find the antecedent of a pronoun, but I do not get the intuition behind the rules ...
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1answer
178 views

How to proceed with this Maasai translation?

The problem statement is as follows: Question: Indicate which translation goes with each Maasai sentence. My current approach: The word {word1} appears a total of 8 times in the Maasai sentences ...
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2answers
367 views

linguistics competitions?

Looking for Linguistics Competitions suitable for MSc or PhD students in Computational Linguistics. I don't see anything current on Kaggle, and I am looking into TREC. added: recurring preferred (...
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1answer
84 views

Do language models ignore word order in the context?

Most tutorials I've seen on language models illustrate MLE estimation by counting. For example, P("mice"|"three blind") = count("three blind mice") / count("three blind") But joint probability is ...
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111 views

Word Lists of Various Languages [closed]

I was looking for lists of words (preferably txt files) in various languages I was looking for just lists of words without any additional data spanning as many languages as possible. Thanks
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1answer
115 views

German corpus for grapheme-phoneme (G2P or P2G) mapping

TIMIT is a well known, publicly accessible corpus that contains phonetic and lexicalic transcription of language (American English). A sample sentence of TIMIT looks like: She had your dark suit in ...
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71 views

Can SBAR be the first tag of a sentence?

I am new to parse trees, and if I understand correctly, SBAR indicates the beginning of a subordinate clause. From Penn Treebank II Tags: SBAR - Clause introduced by a (possibly empty) ...
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316 views

formula for Brunét's index

I am having trouble figuring out the formula for Brunet's index which can be found in this paper http://csbapp.uncw.edu/data/mscsis/annalspaper.aspx?v=6&i=1&p=11. I tried to apply it to ...
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1answer
78 views

How to extract meaning of colloquial phrases and expressions in English

I am looking into extracting the meaning of expressions used in everyday speaking. For an instance, it is apparent to a human that the sentence The meal we had at restaurant A tasted like food at my ...
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58 views

Word Sense Disambiguation of Words Describing a Set of Documents

Given a set of words categorizing a set of documents, what are some ways I could use the content of the documents to disambiguate the sense of these category words? For example, you could have a ...
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1answer
75 views

P2G Alignment Algorithm in Python (OS X)

I'm looking for a basic phoneme-grapheme alignment algorithm which can be called in Python from a machine running OS X. So far the only implementations I've been able to find are part of larger C++ ...
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1answer
54 views

What is the term for the formation of word groups with single meaning/function (e.g. “in relation to which”) in lingustics

Clearly - pharases "in relation to which" (subordinating conjunction) function as one word. How such process is named in linguistics. It would also be interesting to know how such formation is ...
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Is there a phrasal verb corpus somewhere online?

I'm working on a project where I have syntactic frames in the form of something like "N.agent V PP.stimulus", where each PP consists of a P and a N. I have a set list of verbs, and a list of PPs for ...
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25 views

How to detect if one tweet agrees with another

I want to detect tweet text agreement. Suppose someone posts some subjective opinion in twitter. Other users will post reply either agreeing or opposing the original tweet. I want to estimate the ...
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1answer
766 views

looking for corpus of dialogue recording in appointment between doctors and patients

I am looking for a public corpus of dialogue recording in short/medium appointment between doctors and patients, aims to study speech variation, the prosody of speech, measuring speech' rhythm, ...
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3answers
170 views

To which extent language exists disconnected from the physical world?

If I would put you in a closed room with a computer containing terabytes of alien written symbols. Those aliens are from another dimension where the physical laws are different and our understanding ...
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46 views

Connections between combinatory categorial grammars and abstract categorial grammars?

Are there connections/translation or common tools usage/adaptation between combinatory (concrete) categorial grammars (incl. Lambek calculus) and abstract categorial grammars? Can tools for one of ...
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1answer
42 views

Reference work needed for Phrase Markers in English

I need a thorough online site or downloadable text that goes into detail about English phrase markers as in this example from Beth Levin's Verb Alternations book "This alternation involves verbs found ...
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1answer
500 views

Interpreting different types of ambiguity in a sentence

I am a studying Natural Language Processing and came across multiple types of ambiguity like lexical, scope, global, attachment and coordination ambiguities. Lexical ambiguity: Ambiguity of a single ...
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1answer
62 views

Vocabulary List From word2vec and GloVe

Is there a way I can access just the vocabulary list of pre-trained vectors for word2vec and GloVe? I do not need the entire n-dimensional embeddings.
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1answer
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where can I find free corpus of spoken disabled people (in english, italian)

I am working on the research project in NLP domain. Basically, we are looking for a free audio corpus of spoken disabled people to study (for instance, aged people, or people has difficulty in normal ...
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3answers
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Why don't you get back the original text when you use translation software to translate something into another language and then back into English?

I translated "How to use Web?" into some other language using machine translation, but after I translated the result back into English, it is not the same as the first text I put into the translator. ...
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2answers
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Tools and algorithms for finding non-verbatim quotations

I have a textual corpus consisting of about 500 different texts, written in the time span of several centuries. The authors of these texts belonged to the same culture, so they used to read and cite ...
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1answer
63 views

Which sub-field of linguistics does research into speech synthesis/recognition belong?

In my search for Master's programs, I'm looking to work on speech synthesis or speech recognition. I wonder what sub-discipline of linguistics I should be searching in. My first guess was ...
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45 views

What is the source of knowledge/discovery for the semantics? Automation of semantic science?

Natural sciences observe facts and make models. Mathematics more or less arbitrarly generates axioms and investigates all the possible consquences of them. What is the source of semantic knowledge (e....
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Which method measures the degree of disagreement in online comments?

I am researching Fake News as a topic at my university. Right now, I am searching for some literature in which a method for measuring the degree of disagreement in an online comment setting (Facebook, ...
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1answer
87 views

Estimate of the number of homographs in english

Am curious as to the number of homographs (sets of word meanings that share a common spelling) that occur in the English language. Also what the current state of the art would be for automatically ...
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1answer
78 views

Enumerating the possible Pinyin -> Hanzi transcriptions

Pinyin Chinese text contains less information than its Hanzi equivalent, so its transcription is ambiguous: to identify the correct characters for some given Pinyin requires context. For this reason ...
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435 views

What are the stopwords in Tamil language?

What are some of the stopwords in Tamil. The ones I could come up with were 'வது', 'ஆம்'.
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Is there an generally positive / appraisal / emotion boundary?

I am working on a dataset for an NLP task connected with sentiment analysis. While thinking on word roles in composing of the overall sentiment and marking particular as being positive/negative, we ...
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152 views

Find noun phrases using syntactic analysis from Google Cloud Language API

I'm using the Google Cloud Language API (GCL API) to do syntactic analysis of English sentences. In particular, I'd like to identify all noun phrases. I don't care how they are used (subject, object,...
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650 views

What is the difference between Speech Act and Dialog Act?

I'm having some trouble finding a publication or paper that will define the difference between Speech Act and Dialog Act. The overlap between the used terms in different papers seems to correlate to ...
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3answers
168 views

Formalization and representation of semantic and pragmatic knowledge? [closed]

Are there efforts to formalize and formally represent (e.g. as semantic network, as some kind of logic) of semantic of pragmatic knowledge. It is known, that every speaker/listener has two types of ...
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Is there a linguistics equivalent to Turing completeness?

In computer science, programming languages can be described in terms of "Turing completeness", basically, whether a programming language is capable of expressing any* algorithm. A non-Turing-complete ...
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48 views

Sentence to Image [closed]

Does anyone know of a database or tool that can be used to produce or find images that help describe or reinforce the meaning of a given sentence? For example: "The car was going very fast." I am ...
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103 views

How to get morphological information from Stanford POS tagger?

I'm using the Stanford POS tagger to process German text and I'm interested in assessing the number (singular/plural) of the nouns in the sentence, so that I can classify them accordingly. This is ...
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73 views

Data/Resource for adjectives related to nouns

I am looking for resource or some way(maybe using multiple resources) which can help me figure out which adjectives to use. For example: weight > 40 : heavier age > 40 : older I am not sure how to ...
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53 views

Corpora for sentence compression

I am looking for corpora for sentence compression. I am mostly interested in English, and any type of sentence. I am aware of: https://github.com/google-research-datasets/sentence-compression ...
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32 views

Understanding the problem realm of text interactions

I am a complete linguisitic novice. I have been exploring text analytic tools and I have become interested in how to extract interactions, mainly between humans in fictional text. I am trying to ...
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1answer
31 views

Corpora for extractive summaries

I am looking for corpora of extractive summaries. I am mostly interested in English, and any type of document.
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2answers
69 views

NLP techniques on semantic similarity with different sentence construction

"S1. I lived in Paris for many years. I, therefore, know many places in Paris"; "S2. Having lived in Paris for long, I know several places there". Can NLP techniques infer that S1 and S2 are similar ...
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Is there free and open Chinese corpus?

The corpus in NLTK sinica can be used for research. There are two shortcomings for sinica to be used in research. too small it is a traditional Chinese corpus Can someone here introduce a big and ...
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252 views

Machine Translation: Why is Japanese-English the only pair where rules are still used?

The Microsoft Research Machine Translation system (MSR-MT) is actually a hybrid system, using both rules and statistical methods (1) . According to Peter Norvig (2) (emphasis mine): Machine ...
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6k views

What is the difference between type and token?

My understanding of this is quite vague. Token I understand to be the total number of words in a given text, but type I am not so sure about. If I have a variety of inflected forms (e.g eat, eats, ...
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75 views

Improve intent classification and slot filling with question-answering

I am building a neural network to do intent detection and slot filling. The results I am getting are somewhat poor. Hence, I am looking for an approach to improve my results. My idea is to use multi-...
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Self-contained explanation for the CCG Principles

CCG is governed by a set of meta-rules which are commonly called "Principles". E.g. the Combinatory Projection Principle (CPP) the Projective Dependency Principle (PDP) I have found most ...

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