Questions tagged [computational-linguistics]

A branch of science that uses computers and mathematical methods to construct and investigate linguistic theory. Its technological and algorithmic implementation is called NLP.

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1answer
316 views

Interpreting different types of ambiguity in a sentence

I am a studying Natural Language Processing and came across multiple types of ambiguity like lexical, scope, global, attachment and coordination ambiguities. Lexical ambiguity: Ambiguity of a single ...
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1answer
56 views

Vocabulary List From word2vec and GloVe

Is there a way I can access just the vocabulary list of pre-trained vectors for word2vec and GloVe? I do not need the entire n-dimensional embeddings.
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1answer
63 views

where can I find free corpus of spoken disabled people (in english, italian)

I am working on the research project in NLP domain. Basically, we are looking for a free audio corpus of spoken disabled people to study (for instance, aged people, or people has difficulty in normal ...
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3answers
6k views

Why don't you get back the original text when you use translation software to translate something into another language and then back into English?

I translated "How to use Web?" into some other language using machine translation, but after I translated the result back into English, it is not the same as the first text I put into the translator. ...
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2answers
92 views

Tools and algorithms for finding non-verbatim quotations

I have a textual corpus consisting of about 500 different texts, written in the time span of several centuries. The authors of these texts belonged to the same culture, so they used to read and cite ...
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1answer
195 views

Conflation of language dialects and phonology

The main idea behind this questions is that I have some difficulty to accept that a certain language can be a dialect of another one by simply basing that argument on the similarity of the vocabulary ...
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1answer
58 views

Which sub-field of linguistics does research into speech synthesis/recognition belong?

In my search for Master's programs, I'm looking to work on speech synthesis or speech recognition. I wonder what sub-discipline of linguistics I should be searching in. My first guess was ...
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0answers
44 views

What is the source of knowledge/discovery for the semantics? Automation of semantic science?

Natural sciences observe facts and make models. Mathematics more or less arbitrarly generates axioms and investigates all the possible consquences of them. What is the source of semantic knowledge (e....
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0answers
50 views

Which method measures the degree of disagreement in online comments?

I am researching Fake News as a topic at my university. Right now, I am searching for some literature in which a method for measuring the degree of disagreement in an online comment setting (Facebook, ...
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1answer
76 views

Estimate of the number of homographs in english

Am curious as to the number of homographs (sets of word meanings that share a common spelling) that occur in the English language. Also what the current state of the art would be for automatically ...
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1answer
70 views

Enumerating the possible Pinyin -> Hanzi transcriptions

Pinyin Chinese text contains less information than its Hanzi equivalent, so its transcription is ambiguous: to identify the correct characters for some given Pinyin requires context. For this reason ...
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1answer
336 views

What are the stopwords in Tamil language?

What are some of the stopwords in Tamil. The ones I could come up with were 'வது', 'ஆம்'.
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0answers
22 views

Is there an generally positive / appraisal / emotion boundary?

I am working on a dataset for an NLP task connected with sentiment analysis. While thinking on word roles in composing of the overall sentiment and marking particular as being positive/negative, we ...
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124 views

Find noun phrases using syntactic analysis from Google Cloud Language API

I'm using the Google Cloud Language API (GCL API) to do syntactic analysis of English sentences. In particular, I'd like to identify all noun phrases. I don't care how they are used (subject, object,...
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1answer
555 views

What is the difference between Speech Act and Dialog Act?

I'm having some trouble finding a publication or paper that will define the difference between Speech Act and Dialog Act. The overlap between the used terms in different papers seems to correlate to ...
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3answers
137 views

Formalization and representation of semantic and pragmatic knowledge? [closed]

Are there efforts to formalize and formally represent (e.g. as semantic network, as some kind of logic) of semantic of pragmatic knowledge. It is known, that every speaker/listener has two types of ...
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4answers
3k views

Is there a linguistics equivalent to Turing completeness?

In computer science, programming languages can be described in terms of "Turing completeness", basically, whether a programming language is capable of expressing any* algorithm. A non-Turing-complete ...
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0answers
48 views

Sentence to Image [closed]

Does anyone know of a database or tool that can be used to produce or find images that help describe or reinforce the meaning of a given sentence? For example: "The car was going very fast." I am ...
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0answers
99 views

How to get morphological information from Stanford POS tagger?

I'm using the Stanford POS tagger to process German text and I'm interested in assessing the number (singular/plural) of the nouns in the sentence, so that I can classify them accordingly. This is ...
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0answers
71 views

Data/Resource for adjectives related to nouns

I am looking for resource or some way(maybe using multiple resources) which can help me figure out which adjectives to use. For example: weight > 40 : heavier age > 40 : older I am not sure how to ...
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0answers
50 views

Corpora for sentence compression

I am looking for corpora for sentence compression. I am mostly interested in English, and any type of sentence. I am aware of: https://github.com/google-research-datasets/sentence-compression ...
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0answers
32 views

Understanding the problem realm of text interactions

I am a complete linguisitic novice. I have been exploring text analytic tools and I have become interested in how to extract interactions, mainly between humans in fictional text. I am trying to ...
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1answer
31 views

Corpora for extractive summaries

I am looking for corpora of extractive summaries. I am mostly interested in English, and any type of document.
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2answers
66 views

NLP techniques on semantic similarity with different sentence construction

"S1. I lived in Paris for many years. I, therefore, know many places in Paris"; "S2. Having lived in Paris for long, I know several places there". Can NLP techniques infer that S1 and S2 are similar ...
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3answers
1k views

Is there free and open Chinese corpus?

The corpus in NLTK sinica can be used for research. There are two shortcomings for sinica to be used in research. too small it is a traditional Chinese corpus Can someone here introduce a big and ...
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1answer
240 views

Machine Translation: Why is Japanese-English the only pair where rules are still used?

The Microsoft Research Machine Translation system (MSR-MT) is actually a hybrid system, using both rules and statistical methods (1) . According to Peter Norvig (2) (emphasis mine): Machine ...
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1answer
4k views

What is the difference between type and token?

My understanding of this is quite vague. Token I understand to be the total number of words in a given text, but type I am not so sure about. If I have a variety of inflected forms (e.g eat, eats, ...
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65 views

Improve intent classification and slot filling with question-answering

I am building a neural network to do intent detection and slot filling. The results I am getting are somewhat poor. Hence, I am looking for an approach to improve my results. My idea is to use multi-...
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0answers
44 views

Self-contained explanation for the CCG Principles

CCG is governed by a set of meta-rules which are commonly called "Principles". E.g. the Combinatory Projection Principle (CPP) the Projective Dependency Principle (PDP) I have found most ...
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2answers
127 views

What is the best/state-of-the-art logic for representing English language?

I know people have used lambda terms which "compile into" first-order logic, but based on what I have seen that is not particularly great for representing complex sentences with causal or temporal ...
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0answers
25 views

Language model created with SRILM does not sum to 1

I created an n-gram language model on the Penn Treebank using the following command: ngram-count -text $trainfile -order 5 -lm $temp/templm.ptb -gt3min 1 -gt4min 1 -kndiscount -interpolate -unk This ...
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2answers
463 views

Automatic sentence segmentation of recorded speech with text

Given recorded speech with known text, is there an automated way to find the start/end time points of each sentence within the recording? Google Cloud Speech API does not appear to return any time ...
3
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1answer
629 views

How to interpret the dependency parse tree of an English Slot Grammar?

I am reading the paper titled Deep parsing in Watson (DOI: 10.1147/JRD.2012.2185409) and need help understanding this figure: This is the paragraph that describes the tree in the figure above: An ...
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2answers
102 views

Speech and Language Processing without Representation of Language?

While reading in the literature about text processing I found this scientific paper about text classification using artificial neural nets. The authors feed their convolutional neural network with ...
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1answer
41 views

How to return only the person names who belong to a group?

I could classify words in all sentences in a text file as PERSON, LOCATION, ORGANIZATION etc. using Stanford's Named Entity Recognition. But how to extract names of a specific group of persons (eg: ...
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2answers
119 views

Text classification of semantic relations within text

I am already familiar with some text (document) classification algorithms after processing into a Bag-of-words & tf-idf representation. Classification algorithms such as Multionmial Naive Bayes, ...
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0answers
66 views

How to train an NLP model(which is to be deployed) without over-fitting?

I have about 40,000 documents( of which 6,000 are test set) I ran cross validation, selected a model that works well for me and recorded a 98% recall with a document classification task. Now, to ...
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0answers
47 views

Induction of semantics for grammars of natural languages (as opposed to syntax)

I am learning about combinatory categorial grammars and the formal semantics of natural language, course by Partee http://people.umass.edu/partee/MGU_2005/MGU05_formal_semantics.htm (especially ...
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0answers
32 views

Any good, up-to-date advanced textbooks/handbooks in statistical parsing?

I was wondering if there are any good, up-to-date advanced textbooks in parsing, after having finished the preliminary treatments in Jurafsky & Martin and Manning & Schütze. Either ...
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1answer
2k views

What are the most useful programming languages for computational linguists? [closed]

What programming languages should aspiring computational linguists learn? Why? Thanks!
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0answers
30 views

Is there relationship (and translation) between Link Grammars and Combinatory Categorial Grammars?

Is there relationship (and translation) between Link Grammars and Combinatory Categorial Grammars? Link Grammars have very unusual parse structure - links between words, but CCGs have parse trees. ...
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2answers
221 views

'there' vs 'it' expletive insertion

These are my conditions for detecting an expletive position: if spec IP has been assigned non 'null' Case and is not theta marked. However, after this I struggle to choose between 'it' and 'there'. ...
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0answers
157 views

Combinatory Categorial Grammar (комбинаторная категориальная грамматика) developments and lexicon for Russian language?

I am trying to apply Cornell Semantic Parsing framwork https://github.com/cornell-lic/spf (implementation of Combinatory Categorial Grammars CCG) to Russian language. This framework takes natural ...
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0answers
144 views

Combinatory Categorial Grammar developments and lexicon for German language?

I am trying to apply Cornell Semantic Parsing framework (implementation of Combinatory Categorial Grammars CCG) to the German language. This framework takes natural language texts, learns grammar and ...
2
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1answer
77 views

Why does the CLAWS5 tagset separate “of” from all other prepositions?

The well-known CLAWS5 tagset, for tagging English language lexemes etc, has one tag PRF, specifically for tagging the preposition "of", while other prepositions get the tag PRP, which is for all ...
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4answers
892 views

What are the current hurdles to automatic audio to IPA transcription?

I have heard several people tell me that automatic segmentation and transcription to (narrow) IPA of fieldwork-quality audio is impossible at the moment, and even from laboratory-quality audio ...
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3answers
1k views

Where can I find a free text corpus for the Hindi language?

I need a text corpus for my NLP project in Hindi, however all the corpora I found are not free for downloading. Is there any free annotated Hindi text corpus at all? If yes, where can I find it?
2
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1answer
90 views

named entities recognition using stanfordNERTagger

I am trying to get the named entities in a small test using stanford NER tagger. Here is the code: from nltk.tag import StanfordNERTagger st = StanfordNERTagger('english.all.3class.distsim.crf.ser') ...
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0answers
48 views

Combinatory Categorial Grammar for inflected languages?

Can combinatory categorial grammars be used for inflected languages like Slavic and Baltic languages? I am aware only of this thesis https://pwmarcz.pl/pm-thesis-final.pdf As far as I have ...
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0answers
137 views

Genitive forms (German)

Do you know any rule how I can decide (formally), wheter a German sentence contains a Genitivus subjectivus or a Genitivus objectivus? Example: "der Besuch des Botschafters". Here, the ambassador ...

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