Questions tagged [constituency]

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What is the constituency structure of the sentence? [closed]

Jeff left the watch with the old lady. I am confused about what the constituency units are in this sentence. John [left the watch] [with the old lady]? John left [the watch with the old lady]? ...
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1answer
57 views

How to provide evidence that my hypothesis is correct (the same structure but the constituents are different), syntactic structures, constituency

How can I provide evidence supporting the hypothesis, that is, prove by means of constituency tests that my hypothesis is correct? The sentences: (1) Jeff lost the watch with the big numbers (2) Jeff ...
5
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2answers
153 views

What is the difference in a constituent and a phrase?

From Wikipedia: In syntactic analysis, a constituent is a word or a group of words that functions as a single unit within a hierarchical structure. A phrase is a sequence of one or more ...
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2answers
46 views

SV Constituent Structure (Syntax)

so here's the set-up: In a sentence like "Bill went to the store," several accepted constituency tests can produce "Bill went" as a constituent. These tests include the question test (What happened? ...
4
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2answers
97 views

Constituency-based parse trees and the word 'both' in noun phrases

I ran into a problem when doing a parse tree recently. It appears to be the word 'both' in the following sentence that is causing the trouble: It is evident for both you and the listener Obviously '...
0
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1answer
46 views

Is this noun phrase a constituent of the given sentence?

For the sentence, 'I saw the new play by Smith last week' is the noun phrase consisting only of a proper noun 'Smith' a constituent of the sentence? Instinctively I think that it is not a constituent,...
4
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1answer
358 views

In 'Kim is tall', is 'is tall' a VP?

Do we say that in Kim is tall., the is tall is a constituent? Well, the standard answer is clearly Yes (see below). My questions are: What is the linguistic evidence for the assertion that is ...
2
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1answer
511 views

Is there any comprehensive list of all the possible syntactic combinations of English sentences?

In constituent analysis, we break down sentences into their main parts of speech (Det., N, Adj, V, etc.). English sentences have recursive syntactic patterns. For example, a simple sentence in English ...
7
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2answers
215 views

Syntactic status of 'than'

I'm not terribly familiar with the syntax of PPs, but I've noticed that a handful of them do not seem to satisfy any constituency tests, particularly 'than'. 'Than' is listed in dictionaries as both '...
3
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1answer
678 views

How do you draw a Dependency tree diagram of a verbless clause such as “Me too”?

In Constituency Grammar (CG), I guess that you would consider "Me" the subject and "too" the predicate. Hence, no problem drawing a tree diagram out of "Me too" in CG. On the other hand, Dependency ...