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Questions tagged [czech]

A Slavic language, national language of the Czech Republic which is mutually intelligible with Slovak.

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14 votes
4 answers
3k views

Do some Slavic languages have an "extra" gender distinction for animate nouns?

I seem to recall hearing and reading that certain Slavic languages including Czech treat animate nouns as something like an extra gender. Even Wikipedia in some places counts more than three genders ...
hippietrail's user avatar
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10 votes
7 answers
7k views

Is the sound "ř" unique to Czech?

Czech has special sound which to me seems to be a voiced trilled r. It is written as "ř". Wikipedia describes it a different way: A raised alveolar trill, and uses the IPA notation [r̝]. Czech ...
hippietrail's user avatar
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5 votes
1 answer
593 views

Using Polish-inspired z Digraphs for Czech, Slovak

Is it ever okay, i.e. where technical circumstances restrict the available character set (e.g. slugified URLs), to systematically substitute cz, dz, lz, nz, rz, sz, tz and zz for Czech and Slovak ...
Crissov's user avatar
  • 561
5 votes
3 answers
3k views

Influence of Polish and Czech on the phonology of German dialects

German has for more than 1000 years been in contact with West Slavic languages, notably Polish and Czech. This is highly likely to have led to borrowing or interference between these languages, in ...
robert's user avatar
  • 4,279
4 votes
1 answer
441 views

Historical explanations for soft/hard declensions in Czech

Declension patterns in Czech is traditionally categorized into hard and soft ones based on the final consonant of the stem. Materials for learners, e.g., Lída's Czech Step by Step or Michael's ...
Pteromys's user avatar
  • 183
3 votes
5 answers
3k views

Why aren't there any Czech dictionaries that report the gender of nouns?

I can't find any Czech dictionaries that report the gender of nouns (masculine, feminine, or neuter). Without this knowledge it is impossible to master perfect Czech. So why aren't these ever included?...
user100380's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
409 views

Relation between Russian "пока" and Czech "zatím"

I have noticed that the Russian word пока means the same as zatím in Czech in both meanings. The first is as a conjunction and the second use means goodbye. I am aware that in Czech the equivalent ...
skywalker's user avatar
  • 141
3 votes
1 answer
201 views

Exceptions to Intrasyllabic Synharmony in modern Czech?

Studying Czech (and reading about the history of slavic languages) I encountered the concept of Intrasyllabic Synharmony, which somehow motivates the Slavic Palatalizations by explaining that the ...
Qwertuy's user avatar
  • 703
3 votes
1 answer
174 views

What are the open-source tools available for Czech text normalization (for spoken transcription)?

I am looking to perform following normalization for speech-to-text and text-to-speech. Let's look at the examples: V její dlouhé historii bychom našli celou řadu důležitých dat a jedním z nich je ...
Oplatek's user avatar
  • 131
2 votes
1 answer
225 views

What is the behind the declension "obrovskýma" in the phrase "obrovskýma očima" in Czech?

I stumbled upon this phrase in a book. I then looked at Wiktionary under obrovský, and noticed that the form "obrovskýma" does not appear there. As far as I can tell it is the neuter plural ...
Pux's user avatar
  • 123
1 vote
1 answer
173 views

Havlík's law, 3, & 4 in Czech

According to Wiktionary, the words for 3 and 4 in Proto-Slavic are *trьmi and *četyrьmi, respectively, in the instrumental case. In (current) Czech, they evolved into třemi and čtyřmi. But if you ...
Pteromys's user avatar
  • 183
1 vote
0 answers
140 views

What are the descendants of the PIE suffix "-n̥kʷos" in the Czech language if there are any?

Me and my friend would like to know whether there is any PIE suffix "-n̥kʷos" descendats in the czech language, we feel like "-uha" in "ostruha" could be it, in other ...
epikbearCZ's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
282 views

Are phonemes worse recognizable in English than in Czech?

One of the specifics of the Czech phonetics is that everything is written "phonetically" and I wonder wheter one of the reasons for that could be that Czech simply uses less phonemes than English. It ...
Probably's user avatar
  • 597
0 votes
1 answer
285 views

Czech: "Býval + minulý čas" VS. minulý čas

What is the difference between czech construction "býval + m.č." and m.č.? Harry by si přál mít aspoň čtyři páry oči navíc. Harry by si býval přál mít aspoň čtyři páry oči navíc.
Mary Brook's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
46 views

Czech declension of Masculine Names ending in -a

I have come across several examples where at least in the genitive of a two-word phrase the name ending -a does not decline, e.g., svatého Sáva (vs. standard and more common Sávy), Alexandra (or ...
Attila the Pun's user avatar
-1 votes
3 answers
634 views

What' s the hardest language to learn? [closed]

What's the hardest language to learn???
Džejkůbek's user avatar
-2 votes
3 answers
258 views

Why do I feel like "g" should mutate to "dz"?

The phoneme g is not original in Czech and is present only in foreign words. There is an official grammar rulebook declaring the inclination in locative case to be "ž" or "z", however I feel like ...
Probably's user avatar
  • 597
-2 votes
1 answer
349 views

What does Potrefená mean in Czech? [closed]

There is a restaurant chain in the Czech Republic called the Potrefená Husa. Husa in Czech is Goose, but I can't find a meaning for Potrefená in any of my usual sources (Google Translate, dict.cc, ...
Mayor of the Plattenbaus's user avatar
-4 votes
2 answers
1k views

Are Slavic languages better suited for poetry? [closed]

When I try to write a poem or some lyrics in English, I am stuck with the very strict word order and other things like articles, very repetitive usage of articles (a/an, the) that destroy the sound ...
Derfder's user avatar
  • 456