Questions tagged [deixis]

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Clarifications on exophora

An exophora is an expression referring back to something outside the text. Specifically, wikipedia states "not in the immediate text". Does “not in the immediate text” mean not within the ...
FMB's user avatar
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Are there spoken languages that lack spatial deixis?

Just the converse of this question, really: are there any spoken languages that don't have distinct proximal and distal pronouns (or affixes)? (I limit it to spoken languages, because as this answer ...
adam.baker's user avatar
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Please help me identify discourse deixis

I am doing my linguistic analysis report but got stuck with finding discourse deixis. In this conversation: "A: And then because of the difficulties of getting public transport, if you're working ...
Tracy's user avatar
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Has Guugu Yimithirr acquired self-relative directional terms for use in modern contexts?

As discussed at, Guugu Yimithirr, an Australian aboriginal language, is one of several languages that don't ...
Green Grasso Holm's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer

Deictic categories

Currently, I'm writing a thesis on deixis and I ran into trouble while dealing with some rather borderline cases in my corpus. I would appreciate your opinions on the utterances below. After, such as ...
HaQ's user avatar
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When an outsider describes family relationships, which point of view are they using?

You see a family in the park and you naturally list the members as "Mom, Dad, son, and daughter". But from whose perspective is this? "Mom" and "Dad" are identifiers as seen from the perspective of ...
SlowMagic's user avatar
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4 answers

'Non-standard' indexicals [closed]

Currently, I am doing some research on indexicals, by which I mean words like: I here now today, tomorrow, yesterday local present, current For ease of reference, let’s call these the ‘standard’ ...
MarkOxford's user avatar
6 votes
3 answers

Do all pro-forms need to have antecedents?

Are all pro-forms the same in that they have to have antecedents and postcedents in the conversation to have any meaning? For example, the word "it" derives its meaning from a noun located either just ...
GFD1998's user avatar
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Why is "then" deictic?

Then is mentioned as deictic in many papers but I couldn't find a sufficient explanation for that. Every example I could think of involves then acting as anaphora, but how decctic? If I say: I am ...
Akira's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers

Types of Deixis and Anaphoric and Endophoric references help?

So basically I have this text and it states: "Our study shows ..." While it only focused on ..., the findings are also thought to hold true for other ... It involved only college students, ....
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6 votes
2 answers

What is the functional or semantic distinction between proximate and obviative person deixis?

What is the functional or semantic distinction between proximate and obviative person deixis? From what I've read ... "Deixis is reference by means of an expression whose interpretation is ...
James Grossmann's user avatar
35 votes
13 answers

Are there languages with other spatial deixis besides "here", "there" and "over there"?

When it comes to spatial deixis most languages seem to have either two or three distinctions: 2 | 3 English | Spanish Japanese -------------------------------- here | aquí / acá ...
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