Questions tagged [diphthongs]

A phonetic sequence, consisting of two vowel targets, that is interpreted as a single vowel.

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3 answers
3k views

Why does Spanish have so many diphthongs compared to other Romance languages?

I have studied and known Spanish my whole life, and got a job at a University where I am allowed to take some free classes. Over the past three years, I have taken all the Italian classes offered, all ...
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11 votes
5 answers
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What is the difference between a diphthong and a glide?

It's easy for me to imagine the difference, but hard for me to conceptualize it. I guess one involves two vowels and the other involves a consonant, right? Am I on the right track, or is there a more ...
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10 votes
3 answers
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Is a diphthong one phoneme or two, or does it depend?

In Mitch's answer to "What is the difference between a diphthong and a glide?" and its comments it seems more than one of us is at least a bit confused as to how many phonemes a single diphthong ...
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6 votes
3 answers
481 views

Rationale for diphthongs

What is the rationale for considering di-, tri- &co. -phthongs separate entities? Why aren't these sounds interpreted as sequences of a vowel and a glide? How would be linguistics deficient if ...
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5 votes
3 answers
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Difference between production of vowels, diphthongs and semi-vowels

I am studying speech recognition by Lawrence Rabiner's book. I am unable to find a proper and easy to understand answer for the following question : Difference between production of vowels, ...
5 votes
3 answers
637 views

What is an example of a language or dialect that contains triphthongs?

I spent some time on a research project examining spectrograms and coding vowels for speakers of American English from a few rural regions in the state of Oklahoma. I noticed that certain speakers ...
5 votes
2 answers
613 views

Are English homonyms distinguishable by pitch profile?

I was told years ago by a teacher at a Carden School that they teach their students that English homonyms, especially those with diphthongs, can be told apart by the pitch profile of the vowel sound. ...
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3 votes
3 answers
516 views

The ate-eight split?

The words "ate" and "eight" are supposed to be homophones in English, yet in (thick) Hungarian, Dutch and Swedish accents, they are not homophones. As a native Hungarian-speaker, I will attest to this:...
3 votes
2 answers
412 views

Absence of vowel combination /ou/ in Spanish

Spanish has many words containing the diphthongs /au/, /eu/ and /iu/, but the only instances of words containing /ou/ (as a diphthong or in hiatus) are a very small set of foreign loanwords: bou, ...
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3 votes
0 answers
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Why did the Old English 'eo' diphthong disappear?

If I am not mistaken, the 'eo' diphthong was very common in Old English, and occurred in a lot of words, however this diphthong disappeared by the Modern English period, why was that? Notice that in ...
3 votes
0 answers
415 views

What is the consensus regarding the term "gliding vowel"?

I write educational resources about Japanese. In my explanations, I try to avoid using overly technical terms so as to avoid scaring my readers, who tend to be people without a linguistic background. ...
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2 votes
4 answers
446 views

Why d͡z is not considered two consonants

Wondering why d͡z is not considered two consonants. Same with p͡f, t͡s, etc.
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2 votes
1 answer
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Is Huawei a pentaphtong? [closed]

Is the word Huawei a pentaphtong?
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2 votes
1 answer
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Diphthongisation in varieties of English

Consider the vowel in a word like "know". The way I pronounce it sounds maybe like /nøʉ/ to me. But other Brits oftentimes think I have a foreign accent, so I don't know about that. And I am sure I've ...
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2 votes
2 answers
892 views

Diphthongs ending in unusual vowels?

Many languages have diphthongs that end in [j], [w], [ɪ̯], [ʊ̯], and [ə̯], and sometimes diphthongs will end in [e̯] or [o̯], but besides Hmong's [aɨ̯], German's [ɔʏ̯], and all the weird diphthongs ...
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2 votes
2 answers
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What is the difference between a Diphthong and a heterosyllabic sequence of two vowels?

For example what is the difference between /aɪ/ and /a.ɪ/ or between /au̯/ and /a.u/? how they be distinguished from each other?
2 votes
1 answer
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Lao orthography: ວ as part of consonant cluster or part of diphtong and placement of tone marks

Lao is a little underdocumented compared to other languages, both in terms of actual linguistics and in terms of prescriptive norms. There is a semivowel letter, ວ, which has a few roles: Consonant /...
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2 votes
0 answers
218 views

Diphthongoids and diphthongs

In Russian linguistics, there's a term дифтонгоид (diphthongoid). For example, in textbook Современный русский литературный язык (Modern Standard Russian) by S.V. Knjazev and S.K. Pozharitskaya, it is ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Is a diphthong nasalized before a nasal?

I am learning IPA and I learned that vowels are nasalized before nasals. When we are transcribing nasalized vowels, we write the tilde over them to denote that they are nasalized. My question is "...
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2 votes
0 answers
66 views

Computational production of diphthongs

I am trying to generate vowels on MATLAB by using source-filter model. In case of monophthongs I'm using Rosenberg pulse as my source signal and then this source signal is convoluted with sounds ...
1 vote
8 answers
2k views

Is there any proof that diphthongs exist?

I was always taught that a word contains as many syllables as it has vowels. By definition, a vowel is a sound that produces a syllable. On the other hand, in English phonology, by definition, ...
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1 vote
3 answers
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diphthong vs. digraph (English)

I want to check my understanding of these 2 terms: diphthong (concerned with sound; 1 sound; represented 2 letters; not long or short) digraph (concerned with graphemes; 2 letters; can be long or ...
1 vote
1 answer
267 views

Is Old English ġe- a digraph representing [j]?

It's a naive question : I can't decide what's the value of "ġe" in Old English : either it's a digraph to be read [j], hence "ġeong" = [joŋɡ] (or [juŋɡ] ? as stated here). Such digraphs exist in ...
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1 vote
2 answers
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Are the diphthongs "ae" and "ea" essentially identical? [closed]

Originally, the word "tea" was pronounced "tay", which would suggest that a simple "e" is short (pronounced "eh") and by adding the "a", it becomes long "ay". However, we also have the diphthong "ae",...
1 vote
1 answer
86 views

Vowel change OE

My question is: comparing the words for the verb "hear" in Gothic(hausjan) and Old English(hieran), I became curious as to how did the diphthong 'au' came to be 'ie' in OE. I tried ...
1 vote
1 answer
799 views

English centering diphthongs - a myth?

Is anyone aware of research that indicates that the centering diphthongs in English are actually sets of monophthongs? If so I would be interested in reading some sources and be greatly ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Are there glides in Italian?

Italian has diphthongs when you put together two vowels, like in the word "uomo". As far as I understand a diphthong is not necessarily a glide, because a glide has to be less sonorous than a vowel. ...
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1 vote
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What is the difference between the 'ea' and 'ēa' in both history and pronounciation in Old English?

I am aware that these two are essentially the same diphthong, just one is short and one is long, but I heard that they originated separately, so if it is so, what did they each originate from and what ...
1 vote
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What are the features of English diphthongs?

Do diphthongs adopt all the features of their components? For example, ɔɪ consists of ɔ (sonorant, continuant, approximant, voice, round, back, syllabic) and ɪ (sonorant, continuant, approximant, ...
0 votes
4 answers
255 views

are there any languages that have sounds in diphthongs that don’t occur in isolation?

essentially i am doing an assignment for class in which we are building a pretend vowel system for a pretend language based on sound files we are given. i had two diphthong files with 5 other files ...
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4 answers
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Why is the "long i" sound in English written /aɪ/?

The "long i" sound in English, as in "fight" is usually written /aɪ/, so fight = /faɪt/. But /a/ is the sound in "hat", and /ɪ/ is the sound in "hit". When I say the two together it doesn't sound ...
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0 votes
2 answers
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Are there any languages which don't have Diphthongs at all?

For example my native language, Georgian has no Diphthongs, Adjacent vowels do occur but they are heterosyllabic (source) are there any other languages which don't have any Diphthongs and adjacent ...
0 votes
1 answer
768 views

Swahili stress with two vowels in a row, how does it work?

I'm uncertain how stress works with two vowels in a row, so I used a regex to grab some words out of a small learner's-dictionary, and then make the two possible stress-patterns after each entry, ...
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0 votes
1 answer
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How to distinguish between hiatus and a diphthong?

Recently I've been thinking about the difference hiatus and diphthongs. in my native language there are no phonemic diphthongs but phonetic diphthongs do occur e.g "კაი" ("okay") /...
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1 answer
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Diphthong detection technique -- reference?

I find it hard to directly detect which sounds a diphthong is composed of (or whether it even is a diphthong at all), but I found a little trick for it that seems to work. In song, one sometimes ...
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0 votes
1 answer
329 views

Is there a list of which of the diphthongs in the English language are wide and which are narrow available?

I added diphthongs like aɪ and ɪə to Wikidata. I added them to groups of whether they are closing or centering. I would also like to add them to group based on whether they are wide or narrow as I ...
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1 answer
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What features distinguish the true diphthongs of English?

How are the true diphthongs of English distinguished from each other and other vowels with traditional distinctive features theory?
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