Questions tagged [discourse]

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Are there languages without fillers like "um" or "uh"?

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FsMWbVrjucg&t=34s According to this video (0:55) almost every language has those speech disfluencies. But ALMOST. Do languages exist that have no such sounds for ...
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1 vote
0 answers
46 views

Please help me identify discourse deixis

I am doing my linguistic analysis report but got stuck with finding discourse deixis. In this conversation: "A: And then because of the difficulties of getting public transport, if you're working ...
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1 vote
0 answers
69 views

Sudden silences in groups

We've all experienced a moment where a roomful of people are talking, and suddenly everyone falls silent. Sometimes no one is left talking. Sometimes one person is left talking at the original volume ...
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180 views

What are the differences between speech acts and implicatures?

Here's what I have come up with. What I understand is that implicature is always indirect and not explicit, so the hearer must infer from the context. Speech act, on the other hand, may be direct ...
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1 vote
1 answer
92 views

Do some communities prefer indirect discourses to direct discourses?

Jamaliah Mohd. Ali, in her research paper, says, "the use of indirectness in communication is an important aspect of Malay community life because one of its main intentions is conflict avoidance" (...
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1 vote
1 answer
33 views

Single term for words that maintain dialogue cohesion

I'm trying to find a single term for words that help maintain cohesion in a dialogue, such as: A : How was the Lion King remake? B : It was good. A : And the Aladdin remake? B : It ...
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  • 263
1 vote
0 answers
25 views

Discourse/Rhetorical structure in poetic writings

There are several taxonomies for describing relations between rhetorical/discourse components in prose text (PDTB, RST, etc). Has anyone tried to describe the sort of relationships between elements ...
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-1 votes
1 answer
134 views

Is ending a sentence with a possessive considered informal? [closed]

Does corpora show any genre preferences for ending sentences with a nominal possessive? Does it occur more in spoken and informal written texts than in academic texts? I really appreciate your input.
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1 vote
0 answers
55 views

Discourse Structure: Taxonomy, Labels

Several taxonomies for discourse structures (markers, connectives, functions) exist including PDTB, RST, RST extensions, etc. That said, I've noticed that several of these efforts are 10-20 years old. ...
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3 votes
1 answer
3k views

What is the difference between a discourse and a register?

Sorry if this is a stupid question. I just started studying linguistics today, so I'm kind of blundering through the subject at this point. I've been reading about various basic linguistic concepts ...
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3 votes
1 answer
105 views

By what can an anaphor be realized?

According to the definition I read on anaphors, it is an expression, which refers back to a word. As examples what this anaphoras can be I was given a pronoun and adverb: Anaphor realized by a ...
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1 vote
1 answer
808 views

Sociolinguistics VS Rhetoric

Can anyone tell me major differences between rhetoric and sociolinguistics? And what theoretical commonalities they share? I'm a rhetoric student, and I'm looking to go to grad school, but I'm not ...
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0 votes
1 answer
720 views

Abbot & Costello "Who's on First" with a pragmatic (or other linguistic) perspective? [closed]

I'm in my first year of the Master's study in applied linguistics, and I'm trying to come up with my research question, which will form the basis of my thesis topic. I've found the famous routine by ...
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2 votes
0 answers
145 views

Toulmin model of argumentation

I am studying the Toulmin model of argumentation to use it in the analysis of Presidential debates. I have tried to read many sources, but I couldn't really find an exact answer about which part ...
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2 votes
1 answer
117 views

If we can talk of "speech error", what do we call "narration error"?

Try as I might, I cannot find a term that technically describes errors in re-telling a story, sometimes known as Chinese whispers or by other similarly idiomatic expressions. I would have thought "...
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6 votes
5 answers
22k views

Difference between discourse analysis and pragmatics

Could you explain for me what is the main difference between pragmatics in linguistics and discourse analysis? Both are related to study of use of language in real world.
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  • 139
3 votes
2 answers
974 views

Are sentences the only constituents that "sentence adverbs" modify?

For those who came in late, a "sentence adverb" is a word that modifies an entire sentence rather than just the verb or predicate. A sentence adverb communicates speaker attitudes about the ...
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1 vote
0 answers
62 views

Algorithm for determining the subject of a NL sentence / question [duplicate]

I'm trying to write code that takes in a natural language sentence and determines what that sentence is about. Not from a list of possible subjects, but just from the input text, the NL sentence. ...
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4 votes
0 answers
369 views

Is there any evidence pro/contra Du Bois' Preferred Argument Structure (ergative patterning in discourse)?

In The Discourse Basis of Ergativity published in Language in 1987, John W. Du Bois proposed a theory which stated that (p. 850) [universally] the distribution of new information vs. old ...
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2 votes
2 answers
537 views

How does language produce identities?

I've come to understand that language plays a central role in producing political identities such as "black", "white"; "man", "woman", "genderqueer"; "heterosexual", "queer". How exactly does language ...
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0 answers
75 views

Which layers of the language is dealing with co-reference resolution and how to solve it computationaly?

Which layers of the language is dealing with co-reference resolution and what are the steps to solve this problem in NLP?
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4 votes
1 answer
116 views

Do any languages have clear morpho-syntactic constructions that mark backgrounding and foregrounding?

According to this article, http://www.ntdiscourse.org/2010/03/background-and-foreground-an-introduction/, "grounding" in discourse analysis refers to the difference between "core elements that advance ...
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