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Questions tagged [evidentiality]

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3answers
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Languages with evidentiality as a language of science

I've heard about evidentiality being a feature of Quechua languages, and I (perhaps naively) think that it may be a useful feature for whatever language is being used to convey scientific information. ...
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0answers
78 views

“Two tier” theoretical epistemic modality

Quite recently I have noticed that most Bavarian verbs can become theoretical epistemic modal. What I mean by that is that you can take any verb, e.g. "[i] ko" - "[I] can", and turn it into it's ...
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2answers
157 views

Is there a good introduction to subjectivity in language?

Since the topic of "subjectivity in language" is all new to me, I am looking for an introduction to the topic that 1) gives an overview of the phenomena usually associated with the topic (...
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1answer
219 views

Evidentiality: Aspect or Modality?

I was curious about evidentiality. In Turkish, evidentiality can be seen as {-mIş} suffix, but English does not have any suffix to express. Take a look at this sentence: Babası ona yeni ayakkabı ...
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1answer
106 views

What types of evidentials tend to be used for statements about religion, mythology, etc.?

In languages that mark evidentiality morphologically, what evidential categories tend to be used for things like creation stories, myths, statements about theology ("God is good"), etc.? It would ...
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1answer
90 views

Does lack of evidence count as evidentiality?

The "-mİş" forms in Turkish are traditionally given as examples of evidentiality: geliyor (he's coming; implies direct knowledge, generally visual) geliyormuş (he's coming; implies indirect knowledge,...
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1answer
501 views

What's the difference between irrealis and evidentials?

Yes, I've already read about irrealis and evidentials in wikipedia. It seems like these are talking about the same issue, except possibly the concepts arose separately to describe how each work in ...
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2answers
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Distinguishing between epistemic and circumstantial readings (without recourse to temporality)?

How can you/should you empirically distinguish between epistemic and circumstantial readings of modals? I (at least think I) understand how the two readings are supposed to be distinguished ...