Questions tagged [finnish]

A Uralic language, national language of Finland, closely related to Estonian

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2 answers
81 views

What does the superscript x in Finnish IPA mean?

IPA transcriptions like /muːtːuɑˣ/ from here show a superscripted x. The Finnish Phonology Wiki page says, in the Sandhi section: Gemination of a morpheme-initial consonant occurs when the morpheme ...
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5 votes
3 answers
364 views

Can an object be in functional case A even though it's declined like case B?

Pardon my word choice, since I'm obviously lacking the background in linguistics. I know that language-specific questions are off-topic, yet I still like to use Finnish as an example, since it spawned ...
2 votes
0 answers
121 views

What is the etymology of Wanona (said to be the name of Kullervo's sister meaning "weeping")?

Tolkien coined the name Wanōna (also Welinōre, Wanōra, Oanōra) in his Story of Kullervo. It's totally possible they belong to Tolkien's constructed languages. But I think the etymology is still ...
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1 vote
1 answer
251 views

Implying Gender In Finnish

I'm not sure if this is the place to ask this as this is more of a "curious" question instead of a research specific question, if that makes sense(which I guess all research starts from ...
2 votes
0 answers
148 views

Abessive case in Finnish

Abessive case (-tta/ttä) in Finnish is used to mean "without"/"not doing". In Finnish if a statement is negative partitive case will be required. Examples: "Minulla ei ole ...
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4 votes
1 answer
99 views

Finnish Indefinite Pronouns [closed]

I'm looking for a native speaker who could give me their opinion about the following sentences: 1.Joku soitti. Arvaa kuka (se oli)? 2.Joku soitti, mutta en saa-nut nime-stä selvää. 3.Hän haluaa ...
4 votes
1 answer
435 views

Etymology of "Talo" (Finnish for "house"). Can it be a cognate of Thalamus?

The word Talo in Finnish means house. According to the wiktionary, it might be etymologically related to talas (boat-shelter). I was wondering if the word might have a common etymology with Greek ...
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2 votes
2 answers
371 views

Negation and Pronouns in Finnish

For a small research project, I am looking at the negation in Finnish. I don’t actually speak Finnish, but I understand that there is a special auxiliary verb – the negation verb – which is used to ...
-5 votes
1 answer
884 views

How did Asian and European people end up speaking Uralic languages?

There are European people (Finns, Hungarians, Estonians) who speak Uralic languages. And there are Asian people (Nenets) who speak them too. How did this happen? Was there an empire that encompassed ...
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1 vote
0 answers
198 views

Finnish data, Consonant Gradatition

I am working on the blow Finnish data. As far as I understand there are 3 alternatives: 1) K -> 0 ( in "fault" group) 2) kk-> k (in "firplace" and "dot" group) 3) k-> k ( in "sledgehammer") The ...
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2 votes
1 answer
266 views

Just a stupid question about possible connection between Finno-Ugric and European languages

So, I've taken a look on some Finnic conjugation and it just seems VERY similar to Indo-European languages. For instance, https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/n%C3%A4hd%C3%A4#Finnish . One notices ...
-1 votes
2 answers
2k views

How to write sonorant assimilation rule? [closed]

I was wondering how the formally write the rule for assimilation; for example: Finnish mp -> mm ŋk -> ŋŋ nt -> nn lt -> ll rt -> rr I'm guessing it's assimilation when the preceeding consonant ...
2 votes
0 answers
401 views

So the Finnish language can destroy people verbally, or...? [closed]

Due to the recent passing of my grandmother I've been thinking more and more of something she said when I was a little child. She said something like "The Finnish language can utterly destroy a person ...
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7 votes
2 answers
572 views

Does the Finnish translative case exist in other languages?

The Finnish translative case expresses the concept of becoming or turning into something else. Does this case exist in other languages, or is it unique to Finnish? How is this concept most commonly ...
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7 votes
3 answers
1k views

Head directionality parameter and adpositions in Finnish

As I understand from the principles and parameters theory, all parameters are binary. In particular, the head directionality parameter can be set to either "head-first" or "head-last". The setting of ...
13 votes
7 answers
2k views

Are the Finnish pronouns related to their Indo-European counterparts?

Although not belonging to the Indo-European family, Finnish has personal pronouns that resemble (to a layperson, at least) the corresponding pronouns in Indo-European languages. For example, the ...