Questions tagged [grammatical-category]

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The classification of morphemes

I have seen conflicting charts and models of morphemes. Here's how I understand it. Free morphemes do not require other morphemes to make sense. That means that all free morphemes are words. Content ...
A. Kvåle's user avatar
  • 215
4 votes
4 answers
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Is ‘for’ a complementizer or a preposition in ‘prefer for John to stay’

As the title says, in ‘prefer for John to stay’, is ‘for’ a complementizer and the following is a CP, or a preposition?
Yola's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
128 views

Understanding "inflection" and "grammatical category"

The Wikipedia article Morphology says: A further difference is that in word formation, the resultant word may differ from its source word's grammatical category whereas in the process of inflection ...
iBug's user avatar
  • 417
4 votes
2 answers
298 views

Grammatical category definition

Can anyone provide a good formal definition of the notion of grammatical category? I am primarily referring to morphological categories, such as case, tense, gender etc., rather than to syntactical ...
Artemij Keidan's user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
152 views

Roots categorization

I'm computationally working on an agglutinative language, a morphological analyser. The thing is that roots can form verbs (not all) but some roots like lüg 'white' is classified as Adjective if it is ...
Andrés Chandía's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
144 views

How can you 'test' for grammatical properties in A Student's Introduction to English Grammar?

According to the book A Student's Introduction to English Grammar (2005), grammatical terms, e.g., subject, object, noun, verb, adjective, etc. should not be defined by meaning, but by grammatical ...
Guest1023854's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
91 views

Category & Function

I have the next two sentences, and I'm asked to state the function and category of the parts in bold. I am introduced to the concepts of function and category, but I was applying what I learned about ...
Sara's user avatar
  • 21
2 votes
0 answers
44 views

What are wish and if-clause called as a group?

I'm not sure about the grammatical category of wish and if-clause. I have found some names like hypothetical sentences, conditional, subjunctive mood. But I don't think they are the academic name for ...
user8104's user avatar
  • 309
1 vote
1 answer
206 views

Why are comparative -er and -est suffixes considered inflections not derivations?

In e.g. English, why do we say that better and best are inflections of "good" and not derivations of "good"? Why is tastiest commonly understood as an inflection and not a ...
minseong's user avatar
  • 1,259
0 votes
0 answers
28 views

"come a long way" [V+OBJ/COMP/ADJUNCT]?

Can someone tell me i) in terms of constituent tree structure, if a long way is a complement as opposed to an adjunct ii) in terms of thematic roles, whether a long way takes on the role of location ...
Jenny's user avatar
  • 175