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Questions tagged [grammatical-subject]

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2
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0answers
24 views

Misunderstanding quantifier floats

I'm reading Core Syntax by Adger and there is an exercise to analyze the following data. *The dragons were slain all. *The Greeks arrived all. Now I know the phenomena of floating quantifiers comes ...
0
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1answer
82 views

Is a language without inflection a language without subject?

Subject is defined as the argument which agrees with the affixes of the verb. But if a language does not have inflectional affixes, can you state that this particular language does not have syntactic ...
4
votes
1answer
86 views

Instrumental - nominative inversion in Polish

While scrolling through a course in Polish, I saw the following sentence: Wynikiem wyrażenia jest nowa relacja. This is not the first time I notice this pattern, where the instrumental is used for ...
0
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0answers
26 views

How is the term ''uniform'' understood?

According to my notes, languages with ERG-ABS, the S is not uniform. What exactly is meant by "uniform"? When is an argument uniform?
2
votes
1answer
206 views

What is ''syntactic behavior"?

According to my professor's notes, we have syntactic ergativity when the arguments P and S display the same syntactic behavior. But how is the term "syntactic behavior" defined?
2
votes
2answers
175 views

About the universality of the notion of subject and the description of ergativity

A very common description of ergativity defines it as a morphosyntactic alignment where the intransitive subject follows a pattern similar to the object and dissimilar from the transitive subject --- ...
2
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0answers
41 views

Relationship between “subject-targeting syntactic phenomena” and “subjecthood tests”?

TL;DR: How can we use syntactic phenomena that target subject to design tests for subjecthood (or even possibly derive a cross-linguistic definition of subject)? I am reading Van Valin's An ...
3
votes
2answers
158 views

Why does 'seem' behave differently?

Mary seems[ t to be here] Mary tried [PRO to be here] Why can't Mary be generated in spec VP of 'seems' but can in 'tried'? Instead it looks like it works more like a passive verb: Mary is believed ...
2
votes
2answers
33 views

Looking for the name of research area *my brother helps me (to) translate*

In the sentence: my brother helps me translate the subject of the dependent clause surfaces as an object pronoun. In generative grammar there have been several approaches to analyzing this ...
2
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0answers
47 views

Why do so many grammars divide a clause into Subject and Verb instead of Subject and Predicative?

I used to start learning a few languages, admittingly my interest ,stamina and brain force didn't last for more than a couple of days each. Nethertheless, I noticed , that the different grammars ...
3
votes
1answer
383 views

Do all languages have the same set of grammatical relations?

As for parts of speech, I am quite sure it is not the case. For instance, some languages are problematic in separating clearly verbs from adjectives like Japanese and Korean, some native American ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

What is the subject of a passive sentence?

Sentences in the active voice can be converted to the passive voice by - amongst other maneuvers - moving the direct object into the position originally occupied by the grammatical subject. Does this ...
3
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2answers
122 views

how do SOV langues mark Subject?

I'm making a conlang and right now it is SVO. I want to make it more in line with an SOV language. Currently Nominatives are unmarked while only 1 Accusatives is marked in a group. So it reads "Bob ...
2
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1answer
1k views

What is the difference between 'actor' and 'subject' in systemic functional grammar?

What is the difference between 'actor' and 'subject' in systemic functional grammar? Sometimes in a functional grammar, 'actor' has a different meaning
1
vote
3answers
398 views

On the Predicate Internal Subject Hypothesis and DP Predicates

One standard assumption is that the subject of a clause originates from the specifier of its predicate, following the predicate internal subject hypothesis. For example, the subject of a simple ...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

Asking for analysis of sentences [closed]

Could you tell me what the difference nominal WH clause and nominal relative clause is ? For example, nominal WH clause : no one knows what caused the accident. Nominal Relative clause: You call ...
1
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0answers
163 views

Identifying core arguments, constituents? [closed]

In the sentence, 'It was raining' what are the core arguments? I think [It] is a core argument and [was raining] is another. This would mean that it is a NP and was raining is a VP. But if this is ...
1
vote
2answers
45 views

Second Person Inanimates in Swahili

I know what when making verbs about people I can use an object placeholder in order to indicate the difference between the first, second and third persons. So if I'm talking to my daughters I might ...
0
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0answers
95 views

Alternative subject positions in Spanish questions, economy and markedness

The following six Spanish sentences are different versions of the question/different questions corresponding to the unmarked declarative sentence Alguien más podría haber estado usando su ordenador (= ...
5
votes
2answers
271 views

Is the agent in an ergative language a subject or an object?

Imagine a language with PVA/APV dominant word order and SV in intransitive clauses. We see that it's tightly PV and SV whereas both VA and AV are possible. We also know that P and S are both ...
3
votes
2answers
793 views

What thematic roles are played by the subject of an intransitive verb?

I am not familiar with the concept of thematic roles, just what is on wikipedia. Here is what I have come up with. agent: The man runs patient: The man was tripped. experiencer: The man falls. My ...
2
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2answers
124 views

definition of subject [duplicate]

In Linguistics, there is a lot of talk about 'subject' (and many other things). A Linguist will say, "This is the subject of this sentence." In fact, as far as I can see, neither subject, nor ...
7
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2answers
2k views

How do linguists define the idea of a grammatical subject?

How do linguists define the idea of a grammatical subject? The only place I could find on the Internet about linguists' definition of a grammatical subject was at the SIL glossary, here. (http://www-...
7
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2answers
316 views

Which languages have Subject-object agreement in relative clauses?

I am working on relative clauses in Kyrgyz. Kyrgyz and some other Turkic languages show agreement of subject with object in relative clauses, instead of the verb. It is an SVO language. Menin okugan ...