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"Non-Agentive Constructions" About Mind-Wa

I'm a mind-wandering researcher with interests in how people talk about mind-wandering, daydreaming, and so on. Specifically, I've found that English, Spanish, French, and Dutch speakers all use an (...
Zachary C. Irving's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
223 views

Are "Inverse copular constructions" accurately described by Wikipedia?

An answer to an ELL question linked to a Wikipedia article "Inverse copular constructions". The article presents an analysis that was new to me of sentences such as "The plumber is Fred&...
brass tacks's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
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Do CP adjuncts of N require/have a subject?

"The cat that ate my homework for fun will upset my teacher." Hello! I created this sentence to help me understand the concept of EPP. Assume this is how the major components should be ...
hangrycat's user avatar
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0 answers
20 views

Identifying clauses (including finite and non finite) and analysing internal structure of the clauses

An example of how to do this is from the sentence "I was on holiday, but when I saw the pictures I went straight away" I / was / on holiday S:NP / V / SC:PP but / when I saw the pictures / I ...
anonymous.user's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
100 views

"Typically, the subject has the agent role" -- how frequent is this, really?

In introductory books or reference works, this kind of statement recurs over and over: "In the active voice, the subject is typically an agent". However, it is obvious that many verbs have ...
Alazon's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
162 views

what's this linguistic phenomenon?

I am currently working on coding and standardizing the language of my community. There is something we do when we speak, that so far I haven't encountered in the other languages that I've delved into, ...
jello's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
26 views

What do you call the range of possible subjects a word can be predicated of

What do you call the range of possible subjects a word can be predicated of? i.e., brown can be predicated of furniture but not numbers; running can be predicated of people but not rocks; fruitless ...
Joa's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
114 views

Help with syntax analysis

Good day to everyone! Could somebody explain me why in the following sentence "that he was disappointed" is S (subject)? (It)-S (must be confessed)-V (that he was disappointed)-S.
Irina's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
145 views

Raised object vs. Subordinate subject (I didn't want 'Kim' mistreating my cat)

(1) I didn't want Kim mistreating my cat. (2) I didn't want Kim to mistreat my cat. Semantically, Kim is not the object of want but the subject of the respective subordinate clauses mistreating my ...
JK2's user avatar
  • 792
1 vote
0 answers
63 views

Substituting prepositional phrases

In English, if you take the sentence behind the house was untidy, what is untidy is really an area behind the house – so assuming for now that behind the house can be regarded as the subject of the ...
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2 votes
0 answers
92 views

Misunderstanding quantifier floats

I'm reading Core Syntax by Adger and there is an exercise to analyze the following data. *The dragons were slain all. *The Greeks arrived all. Now I know the phenomena of floating quantifiers comes ...
Francois Wassert's user avatar
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1 answer
211 views

Is a language without inflection a language without subject?

Subject is defined as the argument which agrees with the affixes of the verb. But if a language does not have inflectional affixes, can you state that this particular language does not have syntactic ...
amegnunsen's user avatar
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5 votes
1 answer
309 views

Instrumental - nominative inversion in Polish

While scrolling through a course in Polish, I saw the following sentence: Wynikiem wyrażenia jest nowa relacja. -- *resultant (of the) expression is (a) new relation This is not the first time I ...
pie3636's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
2k views

What is ''syntactic behavior"?

According to my professor's notes, we have syntactic ergativity when the arguments P and S display the same syntactic behavior. But how is the term "syntactic behavior" defined?
V.Lydia's user avatar
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2 answers
316 views

About the universality of the notion of subject and the description of ergativity

A very common description of ergativity defines it as a morphosyntactic alignment where the intransitive subject follows a pattern similar to the object and dissimilar from the transitive subject --- ...
Contactomorph's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
151 views

Relationship between "subject-targeting syntactic phenomena" and "subjecthood tests"?

TL;DR: How can we use syntactic phenomena that target subject to design tests for subjecthood (or even possibly derive a cross-linguistic definition of subject)? I am reading Van Valin's An ...
hello all's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
2k views

Why does 'seem' behave differently?

Mary seems[ t to be here] Mary tried [PRO to be here] Why can't Mary be generated in spec VP of 'seems' but can in 'tried'? Instead it looks like it works more like a passive verb: Mary is believed ...
PolkaDot's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
42 views

Looking for the name of research area *my brother helps me (to) translate*

In the sentence: my brother helps me translate the subject of the dependent clause surfaces as an object pronoun. In generative grammar there have been several approaches to analyzing this ...
Morris Gevirtz's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
74 views

Why do so many grammars divide a clause into Subject and Verb instead of Subject and Predicative?

I used to start learning a few languages, admittingly my interest ,stamina and brain force didn't last for more than a couple of days each. Nethertheless, I noticed , that the different grammars ...
Abdul Al Hazred's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
1k views

Do all languages have the same set of grammatical relations?

As for parts of speech, I am quite sure it is not the case. For instance, some languages are problematic in separating clearly verbs from adjectives like Japanese and Korean, some native American ...
Abdul Al Hazred's user avatar
5 votes
3 answers
6k views

What is the subject of a passive sentence?

Sentences in the active voice can be converted to the passive voice by - amongst other maneuvers - moving the direct object into the position originally occupied by the grammatical subject. Does this ...
player.mdl's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
267 views

how do SOV langues mark Subject?

I'm making a conlang and right now it is SVO. I want to make it more in line with an SOV language. Currently Nominatives are unmarked while only 1 Accusatives is marked in a group. So it reads "Bob ...
Durakken's user avatar
  • 207
4 votes
2 answers
7k views

What is the difference between 'actor' and 'subject' in systemic functional grammar?

What is the difference between 'actor' and 'subject' in systemic functional grammar? Sometimes in a functional grammar, 'actor' has a different meaning
user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
1k views

On the Predicate Internal Subject Hypothesis and DP Predicates

One standard assumption is that the subject of a clause originates from the specifier of its predicate, following the predicate internal subject hypothesis. For example, the subject of a simple ...
Morphosyntax's user avatar
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-1 votes
1 answer
60 views

Asking for analysis of sentences [closed]

Could you tell me what the difference nominal WH clause and nominal relative clause is ? For example, nominal WH clause : no one knows what caused the accident. Nominal Relative clause: You call ...
user11223's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
304 views

Identifying core arguments, constituents? [closed]

In the sentence, 'It was raining' what are the core arguments? I think [It] is a core argument and [was raining] is another. This would mean that it is a NP and was raining is a VP. But if this is ...
Kimmy's user avatar
  • 11
1 vote
4 answers
120 views

Second Person Inanimates in Swahili

I know what when making verbs about people I can use an object placeholder in order to indicate the difference between the first, second and third persons. So if I'm talking to my daughters I might ...
James's user avatar
  • 29
0 votes
0 answers
109 views

Alternative subject positions in Spanish questions, economy and markedness

The following six Spanish sentences are different versions of the question/different questions corresponding to the unmarked declarative sentence Alguien más podría haber estado usando su ordenador (= ...
user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
598 views

Is the agent in an ergative language a subject or an object?

Imagine a language with PVA/APV dominant word order and SV in intransitive clauses. We see that it's tightly PV and SV whereas both VA and AV are possible. We also know that P and S are both ...
user66554's user avatar
  • 629
3 votes
2 answers
1k views

What thematic roles are played by the subject of an intransitive verb?

I am not familiar with the concept of thematic roles, just what is on wikipedia. Here is what I have come up with. agent: The man runs patient: The man was tripped. experiencer: The man falls. My ...
Timothy Wofford's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
411 views

definition of subject [duplicate]

In Linguistics, there is a lot of talk about 'subject' (and many other things). A Linguist will say, "This is the subject of this sentence." In fact, as far as I can see, neither subject, nor ...
Pedro Rodriguez's user avatar
6 votes
2 answers
3k views

How do linguists define the idea of a grammatical subject?

How do linguists define the idea of a grammatical subject? The only place I could find on the Internet about linguists' definition of a grammatical subject was at the SIL glossary, here. (http://www-...
James Grossmann's user avatar
7 votes
2 answers
428 views

Which languages have Subject-object agreement in relative clauses?

I am working on relative clauses in Kyrgyz. Kyrgyz and some other Turkic languages show agreement of subject with object in relative clauses, instead of the verb. It is an SVO language. Menin okugan ...
Dariya's user avatar
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