Questions tagged [hebrew]

Hebrew, a West Semitic language, is the ancient and modern language of the Jewish people.

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65 views

Could the latin word terrere be related to the Hebrew word תִּירָא (tira)?

The English word "terror" is derived from the Latin "terrere", meaning "frighten". I noticed in reading a passage in Isaiah the Hebrew equivalent of "don't be afraid" which is אַל־תִּירָא ('al tira' - ...
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1answer
248 views

Hebrew Vowels change the word

This may be a silly question though I am unsure of this is the case for Hebrew. I know often the vowels are not shown in Hebrew in writing. Curious if it changes the words can be interpreted many ...
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2answers
155 views

Latin “vivere” vs. Hebrew “aviv”

Is the Latin word vivere (to live) cognate to the Hebrew word aviv אביב (Spring)? Someone pointed out the resemblance to me, and it looks plausible, but I haven't found any conclusive answer.
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How did שְׁלֹמֹה (shlomo) become Solomon?

According to Wiktionary, שלמה (pronounced /ʃloˈmo/ in Modern Hebrew) is the Hebrew version of Solomon. The pronunciation seems to follow reasonably well from the spelling, and as far as I can tell, it ...
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Did Classical Hebrew and/or Aramaic have allophonic continuant length?

It's well-known that Classical Hebrew had phonemic length distinctions in the stops, since geminated stops didn't turn into fricatives: compare רַב raβ "rabbi" against רַבִּי rabbī "my rabbi". But I'...
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1answer
400 views

How Hebrew Vowels Work [closed]

I am trying to find a document that clearly explains how to apply Hebrew vowels (and what all the combining characters are for Hebrew vowels), but I haven't been able to find anything after a few ...
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3answers
228 views

What about the hypothesis that the Hebrew and Arabic definite articles both evolved from a proto-Semitic word for “god”?

Given the great linguistic similarities between Hebrew and Arabic, it is noteworthy that their definite articles are completely different. Wikipedia's Arabic definite article talks about the theory ...
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Which word came first: 'cabbage' or 'cherub' in hebrew?

In modern Hebrew, כרוב means "cabbage", besides the biblical meaning "cherub". Are these meanings related in any way?
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Is wikipedia wrong when it speaks of the hebrew shwa not being pronounced ə?

Is wikipedia wrong when it suggests that the hebrew schwa/shva has never been pronounced as 'ə'? Looking at these two wikipedia links https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schwa "The word schwa is from the ...
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1answer
101 views

Are the hebrew prefix letters (משה וכלב) considered a form of agglutination?

An example of this letters can be seen in the word וכשלהתמרמרויותינו where the וכש at start mean "and during to" (the entire word means "and during to our grumblings).
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Can the Hebrew word translated “made” in Genesis 1 be translated as prepared or used? [closed]

Some people say it can be, which very much changes the meaning of the chapter.
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978 views

Why is “Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani” transliterated with a Chi in Matthew and Mark?

In Matthew 27:46 (Mark 15:34), Jesus says "Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani (σαβαχθανί)", which is translated "My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?". Why is this supposedly Aramaic word ...
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1answer
62 views

Authentic, native word for a “hypergiant” in Hebrew? [closed]

There is a blue hypergiant in my universe that is called "Kochav David". (yeah, I took it up literally). Thing is, the star functions like a planet, and people live there. However, the "terrestrial" ...
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1answer
722 views

What is the term used for the opposite of a construct form?

In many languages (especially Hebrew in which I work), words can appear in a special form called the construct form in which you can expect that word to be attached to another word. I would like to ...
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3answers
226 views

Gold in French, light in Hebrew

I am fascinated by questions of linguistic relation between Hebrew and the Romance Languages, but I feel here I may have stumbled on a false connection and would like to be properly put in my place. ...
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1answer
490 views

Which is closer to Biblical Hebrew - Modern Hebrew, or Modern Arabic?

A couple of years ago I started to learn Biblical Hebrew - I still only know the very basics. Lately I've been starting to learn Arabic. Often when I learn a new word in Arabic, I notice that it is ...
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933 views

How Standard Average European is Modern Hebrew?

Standard Average European (SAE) is a Sprachbund centred around German and French and extending to almost all European languages. Haspelmath has examined Maltese for SAE features, but he did not ...
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1answer
144 views

What hebrew letter is this? [closed]

So I was searching around for some hebrew texts and I stumbled upon this I can cleary make out the letters: Mem, Yud, Ghet, Tet and this is where it gets tricky, the circled letter is a mystery ...
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1answer
128 views

What's the difference between לזכור and להיזכר in Modern Hebrew? [closed]

In Modern Hebrew, the words לזכור and להיזכר both mean "to remember" and they both come from the root 'זכר'. As an English speaker, it's as if there were two words, "remember" and "remomber" and there ...
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1answer
126 views

What is the concept of verb agreement with passive-active level in Hebrew?

In this Duolingo discussion, 'S.Liebermann' mentions that in Hebrew and Arabic, "the verb needs to agree with the level of passive/active" and "Hebrew has 7 degrees of passive/active, while Arabic has ...
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1answer
193 views

Why does Hebrew transcribe Akkadian š inconsistently?

Biblical Hebrew consistently uses the letter ס (s) to transcribe names with the Akkadian consonant š. For example, Esarhaddon for Aššur-aḥa-iddina, Esther from Ištar, Sargon from Šarru-ukīn (all ...
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Any online recording of [ʀ̆]?

Strangely, the the Wikipedia page doesn't contain any recording for it (usually it has a recording for each consonant or vowel). Background: I'm a native Hebrew speaker who's interested in ...
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918 views

Why did some Hebrew words beginning with Yod become transliterated into Latin as “hi?”

This is something I noticed when reading some different older English bibles. Often times, it seems there was originally & traditionally a digraph (I guess) ⟨Hi⟩ where now the more proper letter ⟨...
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Why hebrew אמא pronounciation vary from the logic of אבא pronouciation?

Why does the pronunciation of 'ABA' ( אבא ) is straightforward, while the pronunciation of 'IMA' ( אמא ) is not ? Shouldn't it be pronunciated 'AMA' instead of 'IMA' ?
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Term to describe change from /yeho/ to /yo/ in biblical Hebrew names

The first two syllables on many biblical Hebrew names with the initial theophoric element יְהוֹ yeho were abbreviated to יוֹ yo. For example, Yehochanan became Yochanan. I was curious what the ...
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72 views

Edit Doron: Reflexivity in Syntax or the Lexicon

Perhaps I am missing something here, but does Edit Doron adopt: 1) a lexicalist view of morphology (as it seems from "A Unified Approach to Reflexivization in Semitic and Romance" by Edit Doron and ...
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2answers
430 views

Is there any relation between the Hebrew word שד for 'demon' and the English word 'shade' for ghost?

A שד (pronounced shade) is a demon or ghost, in Hebrew. In English, the word 'shade' is used to mean ghost or demon in some places. (I find it in fantasy novels a lot.) Is there any relation?
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226 views

Is there any declension in Hebrew?

In classical Arabic, declension is very useful to distinguish subject from object, example: Ysmʕ allah-u => He.listens (V) God(S) (God listens) Ysmʕ allah-a => He.listens (V) God(O) (He ...
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243 views

Musical notation in languages with right-to-left writing

How does musical notation in languages that use right-to-left writing direction (such as Arabic, Hebrew, Persian, Urdu, Yiddish) look like? Is it right-to-left too? If not (i.e. if they use the same ...
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164 views

When transliterating into the Latin alphabet, what does an apostrophe mean? [closed]

As an example, the Hebrew word for if can be written in the English alphabet as ’im. What does the apostrophe represent here?
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170 views

How a portmanteau of God's name would be formed [closed]

This is follow up on a question I posed in Mi Yodeya. I was investigating the source of the belief that God's name is "a combination of the words 'Will be, is, was' (יהיה Yihiyeh, Hoveh הווה, haya ...
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1answer
172 views

Is the word the name of a person or an adjective? [closed]

I don't know hebrew and I was reading a transliteration of the following phrase, "חכו ממתקים וכלו מחמדים זה דודי וזה רעי בנות ירושלם׃" Is the word "מחמדים" referring to a person name or an adjective ...
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1answer
101 views

Participle of empty verbs in ancient Hebrew

What is PIEL participle of "empty" (that is 2-wav or 2-yud) verbs in (ancient) Hebrew? Do such particles have wav or yud or only two letters of the root after mem? It seems for me, that this topic ...
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2answers
243 views

Declension of the word “water” (maim) in Hebrew? [closed]

What is the conjugated (that is used in smikhut) form of the word "maim" (water)? Is it "maim" or "mai"? (I'm asking about ancient biblical Hebrew, but I am almost sure it is the same as in modern ...
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1answer
432 views

How are dead languages reconstructed?

I'm really interested in Biblical studies, so I've often wondered this about the languages in the Bible. Namely, Greek (Koine), Hebrew, and Aramaic. I've tried looking into it, but I've never really ...
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1answer
301 views

Order of components within measurement units in RTL languages

This question is about measurement units in languages written in right-to-left (RTL) scripts such as Arabic, Hebrew, Urdu, Malay, Farsi, etc. and their country-specific variants (for example, Arabic ...
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1answer
238 views

finding the language stem of vowelless Hebrew

I am looking for tools to find the language stem in vowelless Hebrew, preferably a full list of suffixes and prefixes with the stem. A small list can be found on wikipedia. An extensive list can be ...
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1answer
463 views

What is X in a syllable C=consonant, V=vowel

I don't under stand (X) and (s/sh) in this sentence. As opposed to Hebrew CV(X)(C), the non-Semitic syllable structure of Israeli, (s/sh)(C)(C)V(C)(C)(s/sh)
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Can anybody tell me what is on this picture? I think is hebrew [closed]

I saw this on a car in my city yesterday, and I have seen several cars with it. Not sure if it's a new trending, if it means something, if it meaningful. Any ideas? Thanks!!
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1answer
198 views

Where do I find nikud for a word?

Where can I find some kind of database of all Hebrew words with the right nikuds? I did find a script to add nikuds to words on github, but the corpus used there is only from words from the bible, so ...
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Why was the name תאומא transliterated as Θωμᾶς (Thomas) rather than Τωμᾶς (Tomas)?

Thomas derives from Aramaic תאומא (cognate with the Hebrew תאום). My understanding was that Aramaic, like Tiberian Hebrew, had the fricative [θ] as a conditioned allophone for the plosive [t], and ...
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258 views

What characterises Hebrew spoken by native English speakers?

I was watching episode 8 of Srugim's third season and noticed, beginning at approximately 19:50 (at least in the Hulu upload), this very minor character whose Hebrew sounded weirdly "off" to me. From ...
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1answer
160 views

Relation between Hebrew 'סמפוניה' and English 'Symphony'

In the Mishna, it mentions a musical instrument called a 'סמפוניה', transliterated 'Simp-O-nya'. This sounds rather like the English word symphony, which is a musical composition. What is the ...
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1answer
118 views

Do Persian Jews voice Hebrew ק?

I recently saw the Hebrew name יעקב transliterated into (American) English by Persian Jews as Yaghob. I find this curious (because the ע isn't transliterated, but that's a question for another time, ...
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1answer
265 views

Concerning Semitic Pronunciation of Pharyngeal Letters

So a popular theory in the pronunciation of Hebrew is that "Biblical Hebrew" (or, at the very least, Hebrew up to the point to the fall of the Second Temple and well into the 8th century CE) had ...
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1answer
451 views

Finding the root of an Aramaic or Hebrew word

I'm trying to make a dictionary on the web where people can automatically look up words in a text they're reading online. While I have the words and their definitions, the problem is that many times ...
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4answers
320 views

A spectral analysis of Hebrew pronunciation, looking for source

I recently was shown this article that claims that the Hebrew alphabet, when viewed in what appears to be a spectrogram, the actual frequencies in which the letter hits creates a shape of the physical ...
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1answer
89 views

Anomalous forms of Hebrew roots with final y

Hebrew triliteral roots whose final consonant is y have an anomalous conjugation in most templates. Why is this? Specifically: It is only in the passive participle template CaCuC, as far as I can ...
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2answers
199 views

Hebrew to English connection through linguistics?

On the website, "Edenics- Where Language Began" it is mentioned that the Hebrew word 'zinoot'(fornication) a Zayin-mem word have influenced the English sin". Since the z and the s are closely ...
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375 views

What is the etymology of the Hebrew word יָלַד

What is the etymology of the Hebrew word יָלַד, transliterated, yalad. The Hebrew Lexicon offers no etymology. This is an effort to research the linguistics pertaining to a question on BH-SE, How ...