Questions tagged [imperative]

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5
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1answer
288 views

What languages reinforce imperatives with conjunctions?

In Italian, the conjunctions "ma" ('but') and "e" ('and') can preface imperatives to reinforce them as in: "ma/e vieni!" ('do come!'). Does anyone know of any languages that display this phenomenon ...
3
votes
4answers
693 views

Is “imperatives have invisible subjects” a universal?

In English, it's widely held that imperative verbs have "invisible" subjects, on the syntactic level. For example, we see look at yourself in the mirror, rather than *look at you in the mirror, which ...
0
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0answers
85 views

Transitivity analysis of subjunctives and imperatives

I'm attempting a functional analysis of the text of the Catholic Mass, primarily in English but with reference to the Latin. The use of grammatical moods is quite rich, with plenty of subjunctives ('...
2
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0answers
46 views

Markers that affect intensity of the imperative mood

I'm working on a project that explores how imperative mood varies in 'intensity'. For example, one can 'soften' the tone of a directive by including the speaker in the command: "Let's go to school"...
2
votes
3answers
99 views

Are there languages where the imperative of “to be” (as in “be happy”) is non-existent or achievable through vastly different means?

I know many languages don't have the word "to be" (e.g. Hawaiian), but I don't know how they form "to be" imperatives. I'm not asking specifically about Hawaiian, though that is welcome as well. ...
7
votes
3answers
185 views

Is there a language where another verb form is simpler/more basic than the imperative?

Imperative tends to be the simplest verb form, cf. Latin dic, fac. English is not very inflecting, so other verb forms can be just as simple as the imperative. Nevertheless, is there a language, where ...
0
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1answer
337 views

Why is there not passive imperative? [closed]

It doesn’t exist. I have the proof. Look. It’s missing.
3
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0answers
63 views

Incoordination (sentence-initial equivalents of “and”)

In Italian, the conjunction corresponding to "and" can be used in imperative constructions for emphatic purposes, as in: E smettila! ('And stop!', i.e: 'Do stop!'). This is probably the outcome of ...
4
votes
1answer
115 views

Imperative + pronoun

English and German have vestiges of an imperative followed by a subject pronoun: → Be Thou My Vision (archaic) → Don't you talk back to me! (colloquial) → Bitte rufen Sie ihn. (polite 2nd person) → ...
1
vote
2answers
723 views

What languages have a Perfect Imperative and what is the meaning of such a tense-mood combination?

I self-studied Greek long ago, and I found this Perfect Imperative. Now all the Greek grammars I looked at just throw it at you, expecting you to either completely ignore or downright not have what ...
2
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1answer
46 views

Is there a name or formalism for transforming imperative commands to personalized phrases?

Sorry for the bad title description, but I find it difficult to summarize so here's a few examples: "Tell my wife that I love her" -> [To wife] "I love you" "Remind me tomorrow that I have a doctor's ...
0
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2answers
146 views

What type of modality is “You must not fear”?

Someone challenged me to translate the phrase "You must not fear" into my conlang, and I was stumped, because I couldn't pin down the modality of the phrase. I came up with a phrase meaning "You are ...
1
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0answers
57 views

Passive Imperatives

The optional subject of an imperative is usually the second person pronoun. I've found something quite peculiar in Malay, where the utterance is an imperative and is passive but the subject is not the ...
5
votes
2answers
4k views

Detecting actions within text

I'm looking for a way to computationally find any actionable clauses within a body of text. Ideally there is a library I could use that I just give a body of text and it spits out the actions that it ...
1
vote
1answer
250 views

Are imperative verbs starting a command subordinating conjunctions?

I have come across a syntax tree with a subordinate clause phrase (as opposed to just a sentence) whose left daughter is a verb in the imperative, e.g. Wash your laundry tonight. I have read this ...
3
votes
3answers
621 views

Forming an imperative mood by using other grammatical moods or aspects across the languages

I'm looking for some comparative analysis that would indicate how imperative meaning can be built in various languages by using grammatical moods other than imperative. The reason is that in many ...