Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 174 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

Questions tagged [infinitive]

A special verb form not inflected for person and number.

1
vote
0answers
53 views

Does “to” correspond to verb inflection in X-bar theory?

In this Government & Binding Theory book I'm reading, it is assumed that "to" in to-infinitives corresponds to verb inflection, meaning that in x-bar tree "to" appears under INFL, exactly where ...
1
vote
1answer
37 views

Infinitive clauses referring to an adjective before a noun [closed]

We know that infinitive clauses can sometimes refer to adjectives before nouns. I feel with what adjectives they can do that, but I don't have any reason for it. Examples; You can buy the best ...
0
votes
3answers
103 views

One usage of infinitive clause

My question is about the sentence A few opportunities exist to get a better education in the U.S.(1) Some people said: "It is a correct sentence." However, I don't think so and will explain why. ...
3
votes
1answer
113 views

Are there some languages that do not have infinitives/participles/gerunds?

Are there some languages that do not take their verbs and convert them into verbals (infinitives/participles/gerunds, et al.)? I noticed the Wikipedia article on participles has a number of language ...
0
votes
0answers
62 views

What's the infinitive stem?

What's the infinitive stem? Can you explain it giving examples please? And is there something that called "resulting stem"?
3
votes
1answer
90 views

How do you assign Case to sentences with an infinitval clause?

Look at this example: For the butler to attack the robber would be surprising. Here, the butler and the robber are assigned accusative Case. Is 'For' assigning case to the butler and 'to attack' ...
2
votes
2answers
33 views

Looking for the name of research area *my brother helps me (to) translate*

In the sentence: my brother helps me translate the subject of the dependent clause surfaces as an object pronoun. In generative grammar there have been several approaches to analyzing this ...
1
vote
0answers
172 views

Overt Subjects of Non-Finite Clauses and Accusative Case

How do overt subjects of non-finite clauses such as the gerund clause below obtain accusative case despite there being no accusative case or ECM assigner? Me arriving late is a sure thing I think I ...
1
vote
1answer
555 views

How are to-infinitive clauses treated in x-bar syntax trees?

For example: The man refused to send any letters to that place. This is what I have so far from the Syntax Tree Generator. What should replace the X there?
3
votes
1answer
66 views

Can “to” ever be a Prep or a Particle before “be”

Can “to” ever be a Prep or a Particle before “be”? If so can anyone think of an example?
2
votes
1answer
77 views

How is the 'to' in English infinitive forms called formally?

If I have a construction using an infinitive form such as in: "I want to go" or "What is to be thought of that?" What is the formal name for the part of speech that 'to' represents? 'To' is part of ...
4
votes
2answers
4k views

Infinitive verbs in syntax tree

I am just a little curious about the construction of syntactic trees when they involve infinitives in English. Basically, I want to know what role does the the "to" play? I don't think it is like a ...
1
vote
2answers
3k views

How do I deal with an infinitive verb in a syntax tree?

The sentence in question is "Chomsky innocently asked Baker to comment on the changes to the theory during the lecture." I'm unsure of how to handle the "to" in "to comment." I asked my TA and she ...
3
votes
3answers
338 views

Why are infinitive complements analysed as separate clauses?

Why is the sentence John wants to read. normally analysed as consisting of 2 clauses? (John wants, PRO to read) I understand the idea of PRO but why must to read be a completely different clause? ...
1
vote
0answers
167 views

Did German or English form of infinitive appear first?

German and English languages have a common root but an innumerable amount of differences. One of them is how infinitive is formed. In English we have to+verb: "to stand" in German we have a verb ...
0
votes
1answer
105 views

Criteria to distinguish finite from nonfinite complement clauses?

What are the differences between finite and nonfinite complement clause? Typologically speaking, what are the criteria I could use to distinguish one from the other two? While I am not really asking ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

need to understand infinitive

What is the easiest way to understand what an infinitive is? How do I know which verb in which sentence is an infinitive? For example, let us take this website: Infinitive This is the example I am ...
5
votes
2answers
290 views

infinitive passive in Esperanto

Beside "fari" (to do), grammars like this one give six other forms of the infinitive in Esperanto : simple / progressive / perfect / prospective (active) fari esti faranta / ...
6
votes
3answers
671 views

Why the infinitive in Portuguese “Cartago tem que ser destruída”?

Cartago tem que ser destruída. "Carthage must be destroyed." I'm wondering about the infinitive (ser): where does it come from? In what situations is the infinitive used after que: only with ter + ...