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Questions tagged [information-structure]

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Is there any linguistic or information-theory explanation for why typing in Chinese (using pinyin) is so efficient?

Typing in Chinese is amazingly efficient. The basic idea is that one types the romanization (pinyin) of the desired Chinese characters using a usual QWERTY keyboard. The catch is that every Chinese ...
Aqualone's user avatar
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2 votes
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What does information-status mean in linguistics?

The phrase information-status is used repdeatly in the article "Definiteness and Information-status in Hindi", Baldridge, 1996, but what does it mean? Could someone explain it simply/ say ...
Babu's user avatar
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Perfect Language [closed]

In linguistics, what's the definition of a perfect language? Off the top of my hat, given the primary purpose of language is communication, a perfect language must be able to convey 100% of the ...
Hudjefa's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
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How does order of prepositional phrases effect semantics?

I was discussing the semantics difference when switching prepositional objects in the following sentences with a German native: , damit die Eltern auf ihre Kinder über CCTV aufpassen können, damit ...
Babu's user avatar
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1 vote
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Left Dislocated Topics that Correspond to Foci

Can a topic ever correspond to a focus? In the sentence below, the left dislocated topic is the antecedent of the resumptive pronoun she, but she is in focus. 'Mary, SHE ate my cake!' Context: I know ...
Morphosyntax's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
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Is there a human language with a continuous and differentiable morphology/phonology?

This might be a strangely framed question for a liguist, since I'm a physicist and know very little about this field. My question relates to how changing a symbol (for example a letter) in a word ...
Swike's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
245 views

What are the pros and cons of having adjectives appear first?

In the English, we say: Red apple Red is an adjective. apple is a noun. Red tells us that, well, the apple is red. In other languages, such as Arabic, it is the other way around. I.e.: تفاحة ...
caveman's user avatar
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Sentence to AST structures?

How can we distinguish the meaning from POS,words,form..or any other information.. f.e. the cube is **in** the box the sign splits a rule **in** two parts in the first case the meaning is ...
sten's user avatar
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6 votes
1 answer
80 views

Words being marked for agreement, and prepared speech

In some languages, words are marked for more things than in others. This affects what information must be included in a sentence or passage. For example, someone saying "Do you want to come along ...
msh210's user avatar
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1 answer
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What is the most efficient way to compress "words"? [closed]

There are many ways a word can be expressed, or things a word is: With textual characters and a dictionary spelling, With phonetic symbols and a phonetic spelling With sound, a recording of the word ...
user's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
124 views

Are there instances in which an entire sentence constitutes a focus--new information?

Are there instances in which an entire sentence constitutes a focus--new information? Consider the following scenario: Three people are talking together about a mutual friend who is in the ...
James Grossmann's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
411 views

How do dependency grammars account for information structure

In phrase structure grammars, discourse functions (topic, focus) have structural positions (cf. topicalization in English, right-edge focus in Russian, clause-initial focus in Welsh, preverbal focus ...
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