Questions tagged [information-structure]

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How can you distinguish between “topic,” “focalized,” or just vanilla subjects?

How do you differentiate phrases which are topics, focalized, or just plain subjects? What tests can you use? I am looking at the data below-- the capitalized Hawaiian phrases have been claimed to be ...
6
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1answer
71 views

Words being marked for agreement, and prepared speech

In some languages, words are marked for more things than in others. This affects what information must be included in a sentence or passage. For example, someone saying "Do you want to come along ...
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149 views

What is the most efficient way to compress “words”? [closed]

There are many ways a word can be expressed, or things a word is: With textual characters and a dictionary spelling, With phonetic symbols and a phonetic spelling With sound, a recording of the word ...
2
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1answer
118 views

Are there instances in which an entire sentence constitutes a focus--new information?

Are there instances in which an entire sentence constitutes a focus--new information? Consider the following scenario: Three people are talking together about a mutual friend who is in the ...
2
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3answers
370 views

How do dependency grammars account for information structure

In phrase structure grammars, discourse functions (topic, focus) have structural positions (cf. topicalization in English, right-edge focus in Russian, clause-initial focus in Welsh, preverbal focus ...