Questions tagged [information-structure]

The tag has no usage guidance.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
2 votes
0 answers

What does information-status mean in linguistics?

The phrase information-status is used repdeatly in the article "Definiteness and Information-status in Hindi", Baldridge, 1996, but what does it mean? Could someone explain it simply/ say ...
tryst with freedom's user avatar
-3 votes
1 answer

Perfect Language [closed]

In linguistics, what's the definition of a perfect language? Off the top of my hat, given the primary purpose of language is communication, a perfect language must be able to convey 100% of the ...
Agent Smith's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer

How does order of prepositional phrases effect semantics?

I was discussing the semantics difference when switching prepositional objects in the following sentences with a German native: , damit die Eltern auf ihre Kinder über CCTV aufpassen können, damit ...
tryst with freedom's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers

Left Dislocated Topics that Correspond to Foci

Can a topic ever correspond to a focus? In the sentence below, the left dislocated topic is the antecedent of the resumptive pronoun she, but she is in focus. 'Mary, SHE ate my cake!' Context: I know ...
Morphosyntax's user avatar
  • 1,547
1 vote
1 answer

Is there a human language with a continuous and differentiable morphology/phonology?

This might be a strangely framed question for a liguist, since I'm a physicist and know very little about this field. My question relates to how changing a symbol (for example a letter) in a word ...
Swike's user avatar
  • 111
2 votes
1 answer

What are the pros and cons of having adjectives appear first?

In the English, we say: Red apple Red is an adjective. apple is a noun. Red tells us that, well, the apple is red. In other languages, such as Arabic, it is the other way around. I.e.: تفاحة ...
caveman's user avatar
  • 123
0 votes
0 answers

Sentence to AST structures?

How can we distinguish the meaning from POS,words,form..or any other information.. f.e. the cube is **in** the box the sign splits a rule **in** two parts in the first case the meaning is ...
sten's user avatar
  • 127
6 votes
1 answer

Words being marked for agreement, and prepared speech

In some languages, words are marked for more things than in others. This affects what information must be included in a sentence or passage. For example, someone saying "Do you want to come along ...
msh210's user avatar
  • 1,005
0 votes
1 answer

What is the most efficient way to compress "words"? [closed]

There are many ways a word can be expressed, or things a word is: With textual characters and a dictionary spelling, With phonetic symbols and a phonetic spelling With sound, a recording of the word ...
user's user avatar
  • 101
2 votes
1 answer

Are there instances in which an entire sentence constitutes a focus--new information?

Are there instances in which an entire sentence constitutes a focus--new information? Consider the following scenario: Three people are talking together about a mutual friend who is in the ...
James Grossmann's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers

How do dependency grammars account for information structure

In phrase structure grammars, discourse functions (topic, focus) have structural positions (cf. topicalization in English, right-edge focus in Russian, clause-initial focus in Welsh, preverbal focus ...
user avatar