Questions tagged [intonation]

Variation of pitch that is not used to distinguish words (see "tone"), but to indicate e.g. speaker's emotions, important information or different kinds of sentences (such as declarative sentences vs. questions).

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47 views

Difference between intonation and tonality?

I have used them interchangeably, but I think that might be wrong. So, is this understanding of the distinction correct? Tonality is pitch affecting semantics (like the Chinese langauge), and ...
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1answer
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annonation file from xwaves to praat

There is a speech corpus (IViE: http://www.phon.ox.ac.uk/files/apps/old_IViE/) which provided annoated speech files in the following format: signal Cambridge_sentences/Q_no_morph/q2cma.d type 0 ...
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1answer
46 views

Is there a dataset/list of rules mapping words in sentences to prosodic features?

I'm interested in building a toy text-to-speech system, where at the very least I want to decide when to include dynamic emphasis, slight pitch shift, and the duration and boundary between words. It ...
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63 views

Do we have an Intonation “etymology”?

Recently I was thinking about a language I'm currently learning and its similarities with my own native language. While I assume grammar to change considerably depending on language it came to mind ...
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443 views

intonation in a list of items

Listening to political speeches and, other people talking about a list of things, Fix the water problem. Fix the Roadways. Cut Taxes. It appears that they have a raised tone on the last word as if ...
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1answer
296 views

How to know where to put those arrows ↗ ↘ to represent the intonation? [closed]

Hello at first I thought that it is only to count each syllable of a word very slowly but I think I am wrong, but I can not understand the explanation of Luca Lampariello is because I am a native ...
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1answer
79 views

How do I pronounce each syllable slowly from a word in audio?

any ideas? Of a software that transforms the counting syllables slowly automatically from a word in audio at normal speed. des-pa-ci-to please. Suppose I want to do that with audios from this page ...
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1answer
107 views

“split into” — putting the stress on the right syllable

I heard a non-native speaker of English saying something would be "split into". After a fraction of a second I realized that what was intended was "split in two". The difference appears to be that ...
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Considering basic intonation patterns, what is meant by “generation paths” in this excerpt?

In this description of intonation, the author claims that The pitch contours belonging to the same family are supposed to be manifestations of the same underlying “basic intonation pattern”. In ...
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1answer
42 views

What is a “vertical scale” in a discussion of intonation contours?

In Ladd, D. R., & Morton, R. (1997), the authors write: It is customary to think of an intonation contour as having a linguistically distinctive shape or pattern and an independently ...
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1answer
4k views

How are Tone and Intonation languages different acoustically?

On what aspects Tonal languages differ from Intonation languages when analyzing them acoustically? On intonation and tone: Jones (1960) - "the variations which take place in the pitch of the ...
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1answer
369 views

What is Fall-plus-Rise (phonetics)?

1) Is it a tone? 2) How do you pronounce it? How it would look like in the intonogram? 3) Is it the same thing as Divided (Extended) Fall-Rise? Are there any differences? 4) Is this tone used for a ...
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2answers
751 views

How to save the process of your work in PRAAT?

Is it possible to save the process of your project (not a result of it) in PRAAT programme so that you can change smth later etc and do not do the same things over again?
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196 views

How is IPrA going to change the way we transcribe prosody?

There are some proposals for IPrA (International Prosodic Alphabet, similar to IPA but for prosody). The meeting for IPrA (link to UCLA webpage on the topic) is planning to be held in BU in mid 2016. ...
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1answer
99 views

Is there a solution for the ToBI's weakness in showing speech variance?

I'm currently doing a research on the ToBI system (a system for transcribing prosody). The ToBI system is a phonological based system and does not show the variance in speech. for instance an L+H% ...
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2answers
55 views

Why are the elements at the ends of these sentences stressed?

Examples: They can conquer who believe they CAN. (auxiliary verb) Yes, it IS. (verb in tag question) He never grew UP. (preposition) I actually got these examples from a book. Thank you!!!
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How to understand the difference between “Strong” & “Weak” Hypotheses in the case of Bolinger/Lieberman's views of Intonation?

1. Non-Whorfian contexts and missing Czech equivalents To begin with, I am not sure if this is the right place to ask a question that may just as well pertain to scientific terminology in general. ...
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4answers
430 views

Linguistic typology of isochrony and intonation

I don't have much of a background in linguistics, and I can't tell if some of the terms I am seeing are overloaded or unique in meaning. Specifically, I've been told that language timing can be ...
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1answer
152 views

What's a good minimal pair to highlight interrogative prosody in English?

I want to show my students how intonation contours in Praat can help identify English interrogatives. An obvious example is "He's coming." vs "He's coming?" -- but perhaps those of you more familiar ...
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1answer
728 views

Are there tonal languages which use a rising intonation for questions?

I know that in the case of Mandarin Chinese questions do not end with any kind of rising tone unless the last morpheme in the sentence happens to have a rising tone. For questions which don't contain ...
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1answer
1k views

How do sentence intonation and (syllable-based) tone interact in tone languages?

Tone languages use intonation to distinguish words. For example, in Mandarin Chinese mā with a mid tone means mom mǎ with a rising tone means horse Intonation languages do not make such distinctions....
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3answers
985 views

Did Ancient Greek have a rising intonation for questions?

Unlike English, Ancient (e.g. Attic) Greek does not reorder words to formulate a question. The particle "ἆρα" does modify a statement into a question, but is not always present. In that case, I ...
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1answer
2k views

Intonation for questions in different languages and child's early language development intonations

Since my 9 months old son started pointing to things and saying 'Ahh?' with a proper question intonation, I was wondering if all other languages have the same intonation for questions as in English (...
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1answer
281 views

Are there any papers about the calling contour (minor third, vocative chant) in Italian?

As indicated in the answers to "Is it common to use the minor third for calling someone?", "many European languages" use this type of chanted falling contour, but the examples all come from English, ...
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What are the main accents of modern Russian among native speakers?

Before I had heard any spoken, Russian was one of my favorite languages. I used to have fun just reading Russian dictionaries, and I thought I'd soon learn to speak it. But when I tried to find some ...
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2answers
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Is it common to use the minor third for calling someone?

In German, calling someone's two-syllable name is tied very strongly to the minor third. In languages that like to have a stressed last syllable, I would expect the last syllable to be higher than ...
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464 views

What is known about the universal aspects of the relation between intonation and emotion?

Are there language-independent aspects of the expression of emotion by intonation? More specifically, are there established relations between the expression of emotion by linguistic intonation and by ...