Questions tagged [ipa]

The International Phonetic Alphabet: A Latin-based alphabet designed for transcribing all sounds of all languages.

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OCR program for IPA?

Is there a program that can convert a scan/image of IPA into any digital encoding? UTF-8 Unicode preferred, and low-cost preferred (open source would be especially nice).
WGroleau's user avatar
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Dictionary with real IPA and English sandhi rules?

I don't like English dictionaries that use pseudo-IPA to indicate pronunciation. I've seen none indicating that most plosives should be aspirated, but when they're in "sp", "st" and other combinations ...
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The dark l sound followed by a vowel sound during linking

the dark L in English is at the end of a word such as "girl", "pencil" or when it is followed by a consonant sound such as "child". I'm curious what is happening with the ...
Zoltan King's user avatar
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Is there any IPA TTS software that also considers tone

I want to create audio files for a conlect of Chinese I am studying, and therefore tone is one aspect I have to consider. Many of the IPA to speech software I've seen so far don't consider tone (or ...
Cookie Dough's user avatar
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How many different vowels can be reliable annotated?

This question is similar to How many different vowels are there? but with a different twist: here I am not interested in the minimal difference between two vowels that can be heard, but in reliable ...
Sir Cornflakes's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
240 views

How to type IPA quickly on Mac?

I want shortcuts (pre-existing or customised) for IPA symbols. I've installed IPA Unicode keyboard, which works fine on notes/ google docs but not on pages. I don't have ms word. Keyman does not come ...
BB12's user avatar
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Is it more correct to use the minor and major foot groups in the IPA than commas and periods?

I transcribed some phrases from TV. This is casual American connected speech: As you can notice I'm using the | and || symbols instead of the commas and periods. Also, I do not show the question mark,...
Zoltan King's user avatar
2 votes
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83 views

What is the origin of the pronunciation difference between 'replicate' (noun) and 'replicate' (verb)?

In English, the noun 'replicate' is pronounced with a schwa (ə) at the end while the verb is pronounced with the diphthong 'eɪ'. The same is true for the word 'duplicate'. Is there a more general ...
Neo Winter Scott's user avatar
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Intuitive phonemic transcription systems for various languages

When a text or video about pronunciation is aimed at the average reader, it often doesn't use the IPA to represent sounds. Instead, it might talk about the "AW" sound as in law, the "AH&...
Daniel Wolf's user avatar
2 votes
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Is it appropriate to say that [ɕ] is an intermediate form of [ʃ ç]?

The description is found in a paper about the German fricatives https://www.degruyter.com/view/j/labphon.2014.5.issue-1/lp-2014-0005/lp-2014-0005.xml How do the three sound differ from each other in ...
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Thai pronunciation symbols and rules on IPA

Where can I find a set of IPA symbols for Thai language pronunciation and its rules? I know IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet) was mainly created to represent the differences in sounds of words ...
Jack Maddington's user avatar
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How do you articulate the uvular trill, when you can already articulate the uvular fricative?

Key Assumptions: 1. My uncle speaks only General American English (so he cannot resort to other languages' phonetic inventories). Whenever he tries to phonate the uvular trill [ʀ], he fails and ...
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1 vote
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Swedish dalmål "ö" pronounciation

I speak swedish with a heavy dalmål accent and my pronounciation of the swedish ö feels most similar to ɤ̞ in the IPA chart since my tongue is pretty far back. I could not find this mentioned anywhere ...
Emil's user avatar
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In the IPA transcription do I need to show the global fall/rise before or after the stressed syllable?

I put the global fall symbol (down arrow) after the stressed syllable because it makes more sense to me. The last content word in a though group is where final inflection usually occurs, the syllable ...
Zoltan King's user avatar
1 vote
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Is there a database that lists all ways of spelling IPA phonemes?

I'm looking for a list, database, table, etc. of different ways that IPA phonemes (like /f/) can be represented (e.g normally just f, but also the gh in cough).
Jabster28's user avatar
1 vote
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206 views

Full stops to indicate a syllable boundary?

Without syllable boundary: ˈwʌt̚ ˈhæp ənd || With syllable boundary: ˈwʌt̚ ˈhæp.ənd || However I have words that are two syllables and both syllables are stressed: ˈsʌmˌθɪŋz‿ˈaʊt̚ ˈðɛəɹ || As you ...
Zoltan King's user avatar
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Central – lateral dichotomy for labiodentals

In the IPA chart, there's no labiodental lateral approximant. The cell isn't even left blank, it's shaded out and therefore the articulation is judged impossible. One of the explanations is (see, e.g.,...
Aer's user avatar
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Why do we transcribe the vowel sound in 'how' as /aʊ/?

The diphthong /aʊ/ doesn't really make sense to me as a transcription. I'm a Southern British English speaker, and when I say and hear 'how' it sounds to me like /hæɒw/. /a/ doesn't seem to exist as ...
Lou's user avatar
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Conversational IPA

Is there any online dictionary which shows conversational version of phrases e.g. /ə ˈkʌpə tiː/ instead of /ˈə ˈkʌp ˈəv ˈtiː/ ? And if there's no one, where can I obtain conversation versions of ...
andrei vladislavlev's user avatar
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Egyptian Arabic to IPA conversion?

I am trying to transcript some text from Egyptian Arabic to IPA, but I can't seem to find an Egyptian Arabic dictionary with IPA transcription, an automatic transcriptor, or even comprehensive ...
Skippy le Grand Gourou's user avatar
1 vote
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239 views

Plotting Points on an IPA Chart

I would like to plot points on the "Consonants" and "Vowels" charts, as seen in the image below. I will extract each one separately, so they are individual images. Is there a way to make a coordinate ...
Adam_G's user avatar
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Symbols for IPA categories

In IPA a consonant can have different places of articulation such as Bilabial, Labio-dental, Dental etc. I want to create a IPA chart that doesn't take much space. For that purposes the words are too ...
Christian's user avatar
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Why is schwa considered 'one' sound when it can be pronounced many ways?

I have almost no linguistics knowledge, but apparently schwa is the 'A's in America, the the 'e' in problem, or the O in complete. It's always an unstressed vowel and I guess it's like if you could ...
Jeremy's user avatar
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1 answer
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Lip rounding doesn't transform the close-mid back vowels into each other, so why is the only difference between their names roundedness?

I don't understand why ⟨o⟩ is called the "close-mid back rounded vowel" while ⟨ɤ⟩ is called the "close-mid back unrounded vowel" - they sound completely different and they feel ...
Xiang Yu's user avatar
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Tool for phonetic transcriptions of a specific list of words

Looking for a tool that will accept a file with a list of Basic English words as input and give the phonetic spellings/ transcriptions of the words in IPA as output. If that's not available, any ...
Meenu's user avatar
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Could the Midwestern (Wisconsin) L sound be described as a semivowel/glide?

In Midwestern accents, words like "love" (with the L in word initial) the L sounds close to the /j/ glide, but I wonder if anyone has noticed this or come across it.
Mahesh Sundaram's user avatar
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198 views

is this sound [ɾ] or [ɹ]?

Here my native language is claimed to have alveolar tap or trill as its rhotic sound but recently I've wondering if it's actually a plain alveolar approximant [ɹ] instead since I noticed that my [ɾ] ...
LinguisticsFanatic's user avatar
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Praat: Sound analysis

In Praat after converting stereo sound to mono, the intensity reduced to (-ve) so no sound is produced although the original stereo sound has a max intensity 70 dB !
Salma Ayman's user avatar
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How is stress marked in IPA?

I would just like to know if this is correct. I have this text, I'm having a hard time trying to figure out this; mark primary stress (and secondary, if appropriate) on the correct syllables using ...
Edgar's user avatar
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-3 votes
3 answers
168 views

Bilabial speech sounds with lower lip inserted between teeth

I have noticed the existence of several phones that can be produced with a place of articulation that I haven't seen discussed before. Basically, the two lips contact each other (as in bilabial sounds)...
Graham H.'s user avatar
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